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  • ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    GEEE MODESTY ACHIEVED RESULTS

    DIPL.OEC ZLATKO PAVIČIĆ, ING

    GENEVE, 21ST APRIL 2015.

  • DIRECTIVE 2012/27/EU

    DIRECTIVE 2010/31/EU EPBD

    NEW NATIONAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACT

    NATIONAL NEW CONSTRUCTION ACT

    COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION No 244/2012

    NEW NATIONAL RES ACT

    REQUEST FOR MINIMUM BUILDING CHARACTERISTICS

    TECHNICAL RULES FOR RATIONAL ENERGY

    PROTECTION IN BUILDINGS

    RULES ON SYSTEMATIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT IN THE

    PUBLIC SECTOR

    NATIONAL ACTION PLN

    “OBLIGATIONS & STANDARDS”

    PROGRAM EU 2020 FRAMEWORK 2020. – 2030.

    DIRECTIVE 2010/30/EU & 2009/125/EC

    LABELING & ECO-DESIGN

  • THE BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CROATIAN BUILDING FUND

    The usable area of building fund ~150 million m2

    Family houses - 65%, The residential building - 35%

    The continental area - 65% The mediteranian area - 35% Heating, cooling and hot water use 70% energy

    The thermal energy for heating provided from • fuel wood (45%), • natural gas (25%), • fuel oil (9%) and • electricity (13%) • others (8%)

    Buildings can be classified into energy class E, F & G

    http://www.ostblog.ch/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/zagreb-architecture-drago-galic-023.jpg

  • 9%

    7%

    11%

    20% 23%

    17%

    4% 5% 4%

    do 1919

    1919-1945

    1946-1960

    1961-1970

    1971-1980

    1981-1990

    1991-1995

    1996-2001

    unknown and unfinished

    SOURCE: NATIONAL STATISTICS BUERAU

    BUILT ANNUAL

    CONSTRUCTION (%)

    BEFORE 1919. 9,14

    1919. - 1945. 7,34

    1991. - 1995. 3,37

    1996. - 2001. 4,98

    unknown and unfinished 3,84

    Residential buildings - potential large energy savings

    HEATING RATE - 1945. 1945.-1970. 1970.-1980. 1980. –1990. 1990.-2006. 2007.-2010.

    kWh/m² 270-300 200-320 190-300 180-290 150-240 80-130

  • MINISTRY OF ECONOMY

    MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

    MINISTRY OF CONSTRUCTION AND PHYSICAL PLANING

    NATIONAL AGENCY FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    ENERGY INSTITUT “HRVOJE POŽAR”

    NATIONAL FUND FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

    AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    COUNTIES, CITIES, REGIONAL AUTHORITIES

    COMMERCIAL BANKS

    AGENCY FOR REAL ESTATE

  • ENERGY RECONSTRUCTION OF FAMILY HOUSES 2014. – 2020.

    ENERGY RENOVATION OF APARTMENT BUILDINGS 2014. – 2020.

    ENERGY RENOVATION OF COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS 2014. - 2020.

    PLAN TO INCREASE NET ”ZERO ENERGY” BUILDINGS

    ENERGY RENOVATION OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS 2014. - 2015.

    LONG-TERM STRATEGY TO STIMULATE INVESTMENT IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE NATIONAL BUILDING STOCK

    NATIONAL

    PROGRAMs

  • NATIONAL FUND FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

    AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR BUILDING RENOVATION

    FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN SME

    FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR ENERGY AUDIT & CERTIFICATION

    FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR RES & EDUCATION, VEHICLE, R&D

    MINISTRY OF ECONOMY

    MUNICIPALITY PROGRAMS

    PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS

    CITIES, TOWNS AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES

    REGIONAL AUTHORITIES

    FINANCIAL SUPORT

    FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION

    FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR INDIVIDUAL METERING

  • REASONS FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS

     saving the energy against the Program EU 2020

     buildings consume more than 40% of total energy consumption

     renovation of buildings can reduce energy consumption by 80-90%

     more comfortable life + lower consumption + lower energy costs

     proper heating regulation can save an additional 14% energy

  • THE PRIORITIES OF THE PROGRAM

    BUILDINGS MADE IN PERIOD 1945. – 1987.

    • The largest share of the total housing stock • The large consumption (minimal or no heat? Insulation)

    ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES AIMED AT

    • Reducing heat demand of buildings • Improving the efficiency of heating and DHW • Replacing energy • Use of RES

    THE MAIN OBJECTIVE • Reduce energy consumption for heating and hot water, • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Facade renovation

    Improving the energy performance of the

    building:

    Thermal insulation of walls, roof, floors

    Replacement of exterior

    woodwork

    40% FUND + 10% REGIONAL

    AUTHORITY for Integral Reconstruction

    Replacing the heating system

    Replacing the existing heating system:

    - el. energy, fuel oil, coal

    - natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas

    - condensing boilers

    30% FUND

    Using renewable energy

    Replacement of existing heating

    systems and / or DHW new systems that use

    renewable energy:

    - System of solar thermal collectors

    - System pellet boilers - Pyrolysis system

    boilers - System of geothermal

    heating pumps

    30% FUND

    PUBLIC PARTNERSHIP TO INCREASE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF FAMILY HOUSE

    Target: 100 single-family houses at the county or 2,000 single-family houses at the national level a year

  • Energy audits and certification

    500 EC and

    inspections of buildings per year

    40 % FUND

    Support for the project documentation for the

    reconstruction

    Project documentation for 500 buildings per

    year

    90 % FUND

    Encouraging integral renovation of

    apartment buildings

    Restoration into energy class B, A

    or A +

    40 (50) % FUND +

    10% REGIONAL AUTHORITY

    Introduction of individual heat

    metering

    25,000 households per

    year

    40% FUND + 10% REGIONAL

    AUTHORITY

    PUBLIC PARTNERSHIP TO INCREASE ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR APARTMENT BUILDINGS

    Target: 500,000 m², is 1% of the area of residential buildings per year

  • TARGET PUBLIC SECTOR FAMILY HOUSES RESIDENCIAL BUILDINGS COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS **

    RENOVATION 420.000m2 2.000 500.000m2 36,5 milions m2

    COSTS 207,5 milions/y 610 milions/y 436 milions

    SAVING 30-60% energy 24 milions/y 38 milions/y 743,4 GW

    CO2 20.500 t 14.000 t 62.000 t 703,3 kt

    INVESTMENT 400 milions 1,5 mlrd 3,7 mlrd 3,2 mlrd

    EMPLOYMENT 700/y 2300/y 11.004

    ** Y 2020

    Government provide: 47% (Fund + EU funds) Regional authorities: approx. 6%

    GENERAL PLAN - ENERGY EFFICIENCY 2020 RESULT

  • STATIC MODEL OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY: BUILDING RENOVATION - GREAT EXPECTATIONS

     HIGH VALUE INVESTMENT

     LOW INVESTMENT PROFITABILITY

     SHORT-TERM ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES

     LONG TERM PAY BACK PERIOD 30 -> 50 YEARS

     LOW VALUE ADDED NEW JOBS

     SHORT - TERM BUSINESS PROCESSES – FAMILY HOUSES

     NEW JOBS FOR LOW-SKILLED WORKFORCE

     UNCREATIVE ECONOMY – NO INNOVATIONS

  •  RENOVATION OF THE BUILDING DOES NOT BRING THE EXPECTED RESULTS BECAUSE INVESTMENTS IN RENOVATIONS ARE ECONOMICALLY INFEASIBLE FOR INVESTORS

     RENOVATION RESULTS ARE ONLY REASONABLE AT HIGH INVESTMENTS

     ONLY HIGH ENERGY CLASS PRODUCT GIVES THE GOOD EE RESULTS

     RENOVATION ARE ATRACTIVE BUT NOT ECONOMICALLY JUSTIFIED

     LONG TERM PROCESS IN THE SECTOR OF RECONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND STATE-OWNED BUILDINGS

  • RENOVATION INVESTMENT FAMILY HOUSE 200m2 2½ FLOORs HIGH RENOVATION STANDARD ENERGY CLASS “A” CONSUMPTION REDUCED: 40% + 15%

    • WINDOWs & DOORs € 29.680,- • MAIN ENTRANCE € 3.000,- • 2 GARAGE’s DOORS € 2.400,- • ENVELOPE € 17.130,- • HYDROISOLATION € 12.000,- • ROOF € 7.000,- • HEATING SYSTEM € 2.100,-

    • TOTAL € 73.310,-

    PAY BACK PERIOD ~ € 98,-/month > 60 years * NEW 120m2 2 FLOORs FAMILY HOUSE “A” CLASS € 85.000,-

  • PROTECTED ARCHITECTURE STATE – OWNED

    minimum 3% OF GOVERNMENT

    PROPERTY

  • DYNAMIC MODEL OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY: INDUSTRY – TRAFFIC - TRANSPORT

     HIGH VALUE INVESTMENT

     HIGH INVESTMENT PROFITABILITY

     LONG - TERM ENERGY EFFICIENCY DEVELOPMENT

     SHORT - TERM PAY BACK PERIOD

     HIGH VALUE ADDED JOBS

     CONTINUOUS R & D AND NEW TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

     CREATIVE ECONOMY – HIGH LEVEL OF INNOVATIONS

     NEW JOBS FOR HIGHLY AND WELL - SKILLED WORKFORCE

     STABILE & INTERACTIVE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL ECONOMY

  • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

    [email protected]

    ZLATKO PAVIČIĆ +385 1 6109 468

    10000 ZAGREB, Ulica grada Vukovara 78 CROATIA

    mailto:Zlatko.pa