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  • SIMPLE CHORAL

    GRADUAL

    Settings for Mixed Choir of the Entrance, Offertory, and Communion Antiphons for Sundays and Solemnities of the Church Year

    Richard Rice

    CMAA Print Edition, May 2011

  • Musical settings copyright 1996, 2011 by Richard Rice. All rights reserved.

    Antiphon texts from The Sacramentary (1985); English translation prepared by the International Commission on English in the Liturgy.

    Psalm verses copyright 1963 by The Grail, England.

    1st CMAA Print Edition, May 2011.

    For updates and revisions, visit RiceScores.com.

  • Simple Choral Gradual

    Table of Contents

    Sundays of Advent 1st Sunday..................................................................1

    2nd Sunday ................................................................4

    3rd Sunday .................................................................7

    4th Sunday ...............................................................10

    Christmas Season Vigil Mass................................................................13

    Mass at Midnight .....................................................16

    Mass at Dawn...........................................................20

    Mass During the Day ...............................................23

    Holy Family .............................................................26

    Mary, Mother of God...............................................29

    2nd Sunday after Christmas .....................................32

    Epiphany ..................................................................35

    Baptism of the Lord .................................................38

    Season of Lent Ash Wednesday .......................................................41

    1st Sunday................................................................46

    2nd Sunday ..............................................................50

    3rd Sunday ...............................................................54

    4th Sunday ...............................................................59

    5th Sunday ...............................................................64

    Holy Week Palm Sunday ............................................................69

    Holy Thursday Chrism Mass....................................74

    Holy Thursday Mass of the Lords Supper ..............76

    Good Friday .............................................................82

    Easter Vigil ..............................................................86

    Easter and Pentecost Seasons Easter Sunday...........................................................89

    2nd Sunday ..............................................................93

    3rd Sunday ...............................................................97

    4th Sunday .............................................................102

    5th Sunday .............................................................105

    6th Sunday .............................................................108

    Ascension...............................................................111

    7th Sunday .............................................................114

    Pentecost Vigil .......................................................117

    Pentecost Day ........................................................120

    Trinity Sunday .......................................................123

    Corpus Christi ........................................................126

    Sacred Heart...........................................................129

    Sundays of the Year 2nd Sunday .....................................................133

    3rd Sunday......................................................137

    4th Sunday ......................................................141

    5th Sunday ......................................................145

    6th Sunday ......................................................149

    7th Sunday ......................................................153

    8th Sunday ......................................................157

    9th Sunday ......................................................161

    10th Sunday ....................................................165

    11th Sunday ....................................................169

    12th Sunday ....................................................173

    13th Sunday ....................................................177

    14th Sunday ....................................................181

    15th Sunday ....................................................185

    16th Sunday ....................................................189

    17th Sunday ....................................................193

    18th Sunday ....................................................197

    19th Sunday ....................................................201

    20th Sunday ....................................................205

    21st Sunday.....................................................209

    22nd Sunday ...................................................213

    23rd Sunday....................................................217

    24th Sunday ....................................................221

    25th Sunday ....................................................225

    26th Sunday ....................................................229

    27th Sunday ....................................................233

    28th Sunday ....................................................237

    29th Sunday ....................................................241

    30th Sunday ....................................................245

    31st Sunday.....................................................249

    32nd Sunday ...................................................253

    33rd Sunday....................................................257

    Christ the King................................................261

    Feasts and Solemnities February 2, Presentation .................................265

    March 19, Saint Joseph...................................269

    March 25, Annunciation .................................272

    June 24, Saint John the Baptist .......................275

    June 29, Saints Peter and Paul ........................278

    August 6, Transfiguration ...............................281

    August 15, Assumption...................................284

    September 14, Triumph of the Cross ..............287

    November 1, All Saints...................................290

    November 2, All Souls....................................294

    November 9, Dedication of the Lateran..........297

    December 8, Immaculate Conception .............300

    Appendix 1: Rite of Sprinkling...........................303

    Appendix 2: Alternate Gloria Patri ....................306

  • Foreword

    In the years since the Second Vatican Council, many collections of music for Catholic worship

    have emerged that address the desire of the Council to promote the full, conscious, and active

    participation of the faithful in liturgical celebrations (CSL 14). The emphasis of these collections

    has been on vernacular texts for sung liturgies, especially those texts designated as the peoples

    parts.

    In response to the Councils mandate, composers have produced dozens of settings for

    Eucharistic acclamations and responsorial psalmody, as well as psalms, hymns, and spiritual

    songs for general use in worship. The latter have been widely used in the Mass as substitutes for

    the entrance, offertory, and communion antiphons.

    This Simple Choral Gradual is intended to provide settings of the approved texts from the

    Roman Missal (1985) for the entrance and communion antiphons for Sundays and Solemnities of

    the Church year, with accompanying psalm verses as prescribed by the Ordo Cantus Miss. It

    provides settings of offertory antiphons found in the Graduale Romanum, as well as

    accompanying psalm verses from the Offertoriale Triplex. It also provides antiphons and

    responses for special rites, including the distribution of ashes on Ash Wednesday, the washing of

    feet on Holy Thursday, the reproaches and veneration of the cross on Good Friday, and the

    baptismal responses for the Easter Vigil. English translations of the offertory antiphons and all

    accompanying psalm verses are taken from the Grail Psalter (1963).

    Simple Choral Gradual is intended primarily for small parish choirs, recognizing the traditional

    role of the choir to sing these texts. Nevertheless, the antiphons are written to allowin fact, to

    encouragethe congregation to respond with the choir, following the form of the responsorial

    psalm. The melodies are written in step-wise motion, seldom exceeding a range of a fifth or

    rising higher than middle-c. The melodies generally employ one or two repeated phrases (three

    for the longest texts). Harmonies are simple and rarely chromatic, enabling choirs of modest

    forces to master the choral texture with minimal effort.

    It is my hope that Simple Choral Gradual will provide textual and musical resources for singing

    the entrance, offertory, and communion antiphons as prescribed by the Roman Missal, Graduale

    Romanum, and Ordo Cantus Miss, and thus to restore these antiphons to their integral place in

    Roman Catholic Eucharistic worship. I do not expect congregations to abandon their custom of

    hymn singing, nor is this collection intended to displace worship aids currently in use in a given

    parish. Simple Choral Gradual is intended to supplement a parishs liturgical music program by

    using these neglected but spiritually rich texts. In the end, it can be judged successful only when

    it leads to genuine praise of God through the Churchs liturgy.

  • Introduction

    Textual Sources

    English texts used in Simple Choral Gradual for the entrance and communion antiphons are from

    the Roman Missal (ICEL, 1985). Psalm verses for use with the entrance and communion anti-

    phons are taken from The Psalter (The Grail, 1963). Verses from other scriptural canticles are

    taken from the New American Bible (Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, 1970). The translation

    of the Magnificat (Communion for the Feast of Mary, Mother of God) is by the International

    Consultation on English Texts (ICET). Verses for the entrance and communion antiphons have

    been chosen according to the references given in the Graduale Romanum (Abbaye Saint-Pierre

    de Solesmes, 1979) and in the Ordo Cantus Miss (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1987). In

    choosing between the antiphon texts in the Roman Missal and the more traditional texts of the

    Graduale Romanum, I chose the former because they are more readily available for common use

    in Sunday missals and popular worship aids.

    Since the Roman Missal does not contain them, texts for the offertory antiphons and verses have

    also been taken from the Grail Psalter, according to the references given in the Offertoriale

    Triplex (Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, 1985). The unique nature of the offertory antiphon

    has necessitated some modifications in the ordering, selection, and occasionally, the sense of the

    verses. In doubtful cases, I have tended to defer to the verses as they appear in the Grail Psalter.

    In one case (Pentecost: Mass During the Day, page 121), the sense of the Offertoriale was

    preserved by using the Douay translation. Verses not from Scripture are taken from the sources

    indicated.

    Musical Forms

    The form of the entrance and communion antiphons, with their accompanying verses, follows the

    form customarily used for responsorial psalmody. The antiphon is sung once by the choir or the

    cantor and repeated by all. The antiphon may be repeated between each set of verses, or only

    after all the verses have been sung.

    Verses are sung using a flexible musical formula composed of two phrases. Each phrase consists

    of a reciting note and a cadence. The reciting note can accommodate any number of syllables,

    which should be sung according to the natural rhythm of the text. The cadences (called the

    mediation and termination for each phrase, respectively) consist of four notes, with an additional

    note (in reduced typeface) to accommodate a fifth (unaccented) syllable (for example, 1 below).

    Unlike the reciting note, cadences are sung metrically, but their meter is determined both by the

    music of the formula and by the natural rhythm of the text. These natural meters usually fall

    into one of three metrical patterns:

    1. I rejoiced ____________ whn I | hard them sy q q l q Q h

    2. And now our _________ fet are | stn-ding q q l q h

    3. For love of my ________ brth-ren and | frinds q q q l h .

  • Simple Choral Gradual

    ii Introduction

    No attempt has been made to notate or otherwise point the different natural meters of the

    cadences. Choirs should spend rehearsal time uncovering and internalizing these meters to

    achieve an interpretation which is both uniform and natural sounding.

    Verses usually are made up of two couplets. For longer couplets, the first line may be divided

    into two phrases, with a one-note cadence at the end of the first phrase (similar to the flex in

    traditional psalm formulas). This elongated couplet may stand alone as a single verse.

    For the entrance antiphon, the Graduale Romanum lists one, occasionally two, verses. In addi-

    tion, the Gloria Patri is given as the final verse, following the ancient custom. The Gloria Patri

    should always be followed by the antiphon. The entrance antiphon may be shortened by omitting

    the Gloria Patri. On the other hand, additional verses may be sung. (Additional verses are not

    included in this collection, but can be taken from the Grail Psalter and set to the formula given

    for the day.) In any case, the Gloria Patri, if used, should be the last verse sung.

    For the communion antiphon, as far as possible, all the verses listed in the Graduale Romanum

    are given. It is not necessary to sing all the verses. In situations where more psalmody is needed,

    additional psalm verses may be used. The Graduale Romanum (page 391) suggests Psalms

    (79)80, (33)34, (22)23, (77)78, (110)111, and (118)119 as suitable for use ad libitum during

    communion.

    Simple Choral Gradual uses two basic formulas for singing the verses, one each for major and

    minor keys. Both formulas may end either on the dominant or the mediant to ensure a smooth

    transition to the antiphon. This is a functional approach which may seem limiting to some choirs.

    The regularity of the cadences makes it possible to use other formulas of the same pattern. Choir

    directors should feel free to expand their repertoire of Psalm formulas and adapt those already

    used by their choirs.

    The form of the offertory antiphon is somewhat different. In the Offertoriale Triplex, the offer-

    tory antiphon has two distinct, though dependent, textual phrases. Rather than repeating the

    entire antiphon after each verse, the offertory repeats only the second phrase. (The entire anti-

    phon is sometimes repeated, usually after even numbered verses.) The verses are selectedocca-

    sionally modifiedso that the second phrase of the antiphon completes or heightens the sense of

    the verse. This interweaving of psalm verses creates a poetical and theological structure of great

    richness and beauty. To complement this, the verses use an extremely florid and expressive

    melody. These virtuosic settings were never intended for congregational singing.

    In Simple Choral Gradual, I have attempted to capture the spirit of this unique form in a simpler

    way. The first phrase of the antiphon, as well as the offertory verses, are sung on a musical

    formula. The verses are composed of one, two, or three lines, each of which uses the same musi-

    cal formula. After each verse, the second phrase of the antiphon is sung as a melodic response

    that completes the sense of the verse.

    Since the texts of the offertory antiphons are not included in seasonal worship aids, the offertory

    may become the exclusive responsibility of the choir. Nevertheless, the response is compara-

    tively short, and the congregation should be able to pick it up after a verse or two. It is possible

    for the choir or cantor to sing the first occurrence of the response, and then invite the congrega-

    tion to repeat it, as indicated by the repeat marks. The response should not be introduced

    before the first verse, since this would obscure the unique form of the offertory and, in some

    cases, make bad textual sense.

  • Simple Choral Gradual

    Introduction iii

    Interpretation

    No tempo or dynamic markings are given in Simple Choral Gradual. Musical interpretation of

    the antiphons should follow the general rules governing liturgical declamation. Any additional

    clues to interpretation should be governed by a sensitive reading of the text. Musical interpre-

    tation will also depend on nonmusical considerations, such as the size and ability of the choir, its

    distance from the congregation, and the reverberation of the church. Antiphons use compound

    meters frequently, suggesting a flowing half-note tempo.

    Accompaniment

    Simple Choral Gradual is intended for unaccompanied choirs. Nevertheless, organ may be used

    to introduce the tune of the antiphon, and to support the choir and congregation in singing it. This

    is especially useful in the absence or deficiency of one or more of the choral parts. If necessary,

    antiphons and verses may be sung by a cantor alone, with or without organ accompaniment.

    Organ registration should remain light so as not to overpower the singing. When accompanying

    the verses, the organist should hold the chord of the reciting note for the duration of the

    recitation, rather than attempt to play each syllable. For longer recitations, the organist may

    restrike the chord for each new phrase, in effect breathing with the singers.

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    First Sunday of AdventEntrance Antiphon

    First Sunday of Advent 1

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    First Sunday of Advent2

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    First Sunday of Advent 3

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    Second Sunday of AdventEntrance Antiphon

    Second Sunday of Advent4

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    Offertory Antiphon

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    Second Sunday of Advent 5

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    Second Sunday of Advent6

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    Third Sunday of Advent 7

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    Psalm (84)85:2,3a;3b,4a;8

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    Third Sunday of Advent 9

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    Isaiah 45:8

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    Fourth Sunday of Advent10

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    Isaiah 7:14

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    Fourth Sunday of Advent12

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    cf. Exodus 16:6,7

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    Christmas Vigil Mass 13

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    Psalm (23)24:7;1;2

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    Christmas Vigil Mass 15

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    Psalm 2:7;1,2,8,9

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    Christmas Mass at MidnightEntrance Antiphon, I

    Christmas Mass at Midnight16

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    Sacramentary

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    Entrance Antiphon, II

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    Christmas Mass at Midnight 17

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    Psalm (95)96:11a,13a;1;2

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    Christmas Mass at Midnight 19

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    Christmas Mass During the Day 23

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    Christmas Mass During the Day 25

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    Holy FamilyEntrance Antiphon

    26 Sunday in the Octave of Christmas

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    Psalm (30)31:15,16a;17,18a;20

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    28 Sunday in the Octave of Christmas

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    January 1, Octave of Christmas

    Mary, Mother of GodEntrance Antiphon

    Sedulius

    29Mary, Mother of God

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    Offertoriale

    2. Blessed and praisworthy are you,

    1. Blessed are you, holy

    and most

    whose womb was worthy

    Offertory Antiphon

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    30 Mary, Mother of God

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    Hebrews 13:8

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    Luke 1:46-55 (Magnificat)

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    2. He has mercy on

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    for he has looked with favor on his

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    1. My soul proclaims the

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    to Abraham and his chil -

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    From this day all generations will

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    Communion Antiphon

    31Mary, Mother of God

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    Wisdom 18:14,15

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    Psalm (92)93:1,2

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    he has gird -

    2. Glory to the Fa -

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    Second Sunday After Christmasif not Epiphany

    Entrance Antiphon

    Second Sunday After Christmas32

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    Psalm (102)103:2,5b;3b,4;17c,18;19

    3. His justice reaches out to

    2. It is he who heals every

    1. My soul, give

    when they keep his

    when they keep his

    who crowns you with love

    who redeems your

    and never forget

    Offertory Antiphon

    chil

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    4. The Lord has set his

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    Second Sunday After Christmas 33

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    John 1:12

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    Psalm 8:2-9

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    4. All of them,

    1. How great is your name, O Lord our

    2. When I see the heavens, the

    3. Yet you have made him little

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    on the lips of

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    2. the moon and the

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    Communion Antiphon

    Second Sunday After Christmas34

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    cf. Malachi 3:1; 1 Chronicles 29:12

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    Psalm (71)72:1,2,10,11

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    3. Glory to the Fa -

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    2. The kings of Tarshish and the sea coast shall

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    1. to a kings

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    Epiphany 35

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    Psalm (71)72:10,11;1,2a;3;7,8a

    3. May the mountains bring forth peace

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    1. The kings of Tarshish and the sea coast shall

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    Before him all kings

    The kings of Sheba and Se -

    Offertory Antiphon

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    Psalm (71)72:1,3,7,8,12,17,18

    WW

    2. In his days jus -

    1. O God, give your

    4. Every tribe

    Blessed be the Lord,

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    He shall

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    1. to a kings

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