Empowerment of Minorities in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)

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Transcript of Empowerment of Minorities in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)

Page 1: Empowerment of Minorities in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)

Empowerment of Minorities

Strategies for the 12th Five Year Plan and Beyond

Page 2: Empowerment of Minorities in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)

Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 2

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Current Status

Indian Constitution is committed to the ideas of equality and protection of rights of minorities.

(18.4 % of the population in 2001).

Five Religious Minority communities covered are:

Muslims (13.4%)

Christians (2.3%)

Sikhs (1.9%)

Buddhists (0.8%) and

Zoroastrians (Parsis)(0.0069%).

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Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 3

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Current Status

High economic growth and development in

recent years, has not benefited all religious

communities and social groups (SRCs).

Among these, the Muslims, the largest

minority in the country, are seriously

lagging behind on all human development

indices.

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Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 4

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Challenges for the Empowerment of Minorities

The empowerment of minorities in the Twelfth Plan is envisaged through their active participation in the developmental process as participants and not as passive recipients of developmental benefits.

In order to remove perception of discrimination and alienation innovative steps are needed such as expanding facilitators in Muslim concentration villages and towns to act as interfaces between the community and the state institutions.

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Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 5

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Challenges for the Empowerment of Minorities

• The Twelfth Plan vision for faster, more inclusive and sustainable

growth mandates that bold and creative affirmative action must be

undertaken to ensure inclusion of different socio-religious

communities and ensure fulfillment of their social, economic and

political needs.

• The inclusion and empowerment of different socio-religious

communities should not be viewed as a welfare measure

undertaken as a consequence of economic growth, but as a critical

development imperative to ensure inclusion of different socio-

religious communities and to ensure fulfillment of their social,

economic and political needs.

Cont.

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Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 6

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Challenges for the Empowerment of Minorities

The importance of educational empowerment assumes special importance in the context of minorities, especially Muslims, who have been lagging behind the rest.

(Reports of the Sachar Committee and the Ranganath Mishra Commission have

dealt at length with the educational status of the minorities, particularly Muslims.)

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Educational Levels among Different Communities

Community Secondary

Level Sr. Secondary level

Graduation Unclassified

All Religions

14.13 6.74 6.72 0.02

Hindus 14.25 6.92 7.01 0.01 Muslims 10.96 4.53 3.6 0.05 Christians 17.48 8.7 8.71 0.01 Sikhs 20.94 7.57 6.94 0.02 Buddhists 14.09 7.65 5.7 0.01 Others 11.24 4.55 4.35 0.01 Source: Working Group Report on the Empowerment of Minorities, Twelfth Five Year Plan.

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Percentage Distribution of Workers by Category

Name of Religion

Percentage of Total Workers

Cultivators Agricultural Labourers

Household Industry

Other Workers

Hindus 33.1 27.6 3.8 35.5 Muslims 20.7 22.0 8.7 49.1 Christian 29.2 15.3 2.7 52.8 Sikhs 32.4 16.8 3.4 47.3 Buddhists 20.4 37.6 2.9 39.2 Other religions

49.9 32.6 3.2 14.3

India 31.7 26.5 4.2 37.6 Source: Census 2001.

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Vision of the Twelfth Five Year Plan

The vision for the 12th Five Year Plan consists of the series of the bold and creative measures that build upon, but also go beyond the achievements of the 11th Five Year Plan

• INCREASED ALLOCATION

• DIRECTLY TARGET MINORITIES: Re-vamp the design, expand

the scope and strengthen implementation structures of key initiatives like the MsDP and 15 PP such that minority settlements and people are directly targeted;

• INSTITUTIONALISE ROBUST MONITORING: Create internal

accountability and impact-based monitoring systems.

Cont.

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• DEVELOP TRANSFORMATIVE LEADERSHIP: Build

transformative leadership, through training and capacity

building schemes, among minority communities on a

large scale, especially among minority women and

youth.

• FOCUS ON SKILL BUILDING FOR EMPLOYABILITY: Develop skills to generate employability among minority

youth in all MsDP blocks and towns through direct

linkages with the National Skill Development Mission.

• INITIATE PILOT SCHEMES FOR MINORITIES:

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PRIME MINISTER’S NEW 15 POINT PROGRAMME

Prime Minister’s 15 Point Programme was launched in 2005 with the

aim of allocating 15 per cent of specified Centrally Sponsored Schemes

for Minorities. The 12th Five Year Plan has suggested that in order to

ensure adequate funds and benefits reach the minorities, the

existing guidelines of earmarking ‘15 per-cent of funds wherever

possible’ should be revised to ‘15 per cent and above’ in proportion

to the size of the minority population.

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Multi-sectoral Development Programme in identified minority concentrated districts

• The population criteria is proposed to be brought down from 25%

to 15% and the block will become the unit of development.

• In order to provide the best quality education, the endeavour in the

Twelfth Plan will be towards having one Residential School along

the lines of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya and Kasturba Gandhi

Balika Vidyalaya.

• Norms in these schools need to ensure admission to at least 50

per cent children belonging to minorities.

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Monitorable targets of Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17)

• Eliminate gender and social gap in school enrolment (that is,

between girls and boys, and between SCs, STs, Muslims and the

rest of the population) by the end of Twelfth Five Year Plan.

• The literacy rate of religious minorities should be increased as

quickly as possible to be at par with the national average, wherever

applicable.

• The participation of religious minorities in graduate and post

graduate studies should be proportionate to their population (2011),

with special focus on the economically weaker sections.

• IMR, MMR, Institutional Deliveries, Child Immunisation and

Vaccination of religious minorities should be brought at par with the

national average, with special focus on the economically weaker

and the socially marginalised sections.

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• Work participation rate of religious minorities in the

organised sector should be increased to be at par with

other communities.

• Representation of religious minorities in all forms of

Government employment should be increased in

proportion to their population (2011).

• Share of total number and total amount of bank loans

given to all religious minorities, with special focus on

Muslims and other economically weaker and socially

marginalised groups, should be increased to be at par

with that of the general population.

• There should be 100 per cent financial inclusion, including

access to sources of formal credit and finance for all

eligible persons belonging to religious minorities.

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Budget Allocation

Allocation for the XII Five Year Plan (2012-17) Rs. 17323.00 crore

Budget Estimate for 2013-14 Rs. 3511.00 crore

Budget Estimate for 2012-13 Rs. 3135.00 crore

Revised Estimate for 2012-13 Rs. 2200.00 crore