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1 © Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. EMC Backup Recovery Systems Transforming Oracle RMAN Backup & Recovery OUG Scotland 2013 Scott Butler Advisory Systems Engineer EMC BRS

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EMC Backup Recovery Systems. Transforming Oracle RMAN Backup & Recovery. OUG Scotland 2013 Scott Butler Advisory Systems Engineer EMC BRS. Disk and Tape Capacity required to store many copies of Oracle backups - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of EMC Backup Recovery Systems

Page 1: EMC Backup Recovery Systems

1© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.

EMC Backup Recovery Systems

Transforming Oracle RMAN Backup & Recovery

OUG Scotland 2013

Scott ButlerAdvisory Systems EngineerEMC BRS

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Data Protection Challenges for Oracle

1) Disk and Tape Capacity required to store many copies of

Oracle backups

2) Bandwidth required to move large database backups

across WAN for Disaster Recovery

3) Oracle database recovery operations demand extremely

reliable disk storage let alone countless tape media

4) Integration and management of RMAN and backup

infrastructure

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EMC BRS for Oracle Data Protection

1) Deduplication Enables Online Retention– Efficiently store weeks of backups on disk for rapid database

restores

– Reduce dependence on tape for Oracle data protection

2) Replication Drives WAN-efficient Disaster Recovery– Time-to-DR minimized, enabling offsite recovery of databases

3) Data Invulnerability Architecture Ensures Reliable Recovery– Provides much higher levels of hardware and software protection

than conventional tape, RAID and file systems

4) Flexible Integration with Oracle– Provides multiple interface options (NAS, Boost, VTL) for use

with Oracle data-protection best practices

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Purpose Built Backup Appliances (PBBA)Open Systems + Mainframe Capacity

EMCOthersSymantecIBMHPQuantum

EMC 64.9%

2012 Total Market

1,340PB

Source: IDC Worldwide Quarterly Purpose Built Backup Appliance Tracker – Q42012

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PBBAs Transform Backup

SPEEDReliably Meet Backup Windows And Recovery SLAs

SMARTER DRUp To 99% Bandwidth Efficiency Eliminates Trucking Tapes For DR

EFFICIENCY10-30x Less Backup Storage, Consolidate And Simplify

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EMC BRS Oracle RMAN Backup Options Data Domain enables the industry’s most

advanced and flexible Oracle backup solutions for DBA’s

1. Direct backups using DD Boost for RMAN enables the fastest and most efficient backup and recovery

2. Direct backups via NFS, dNFS and CIFS3. Backup Apps with DD Boost for Avamar 4. Backup Apps with DD Boost for NetWorker5. Collaborative backups between DBA and

Backup Admin

Flexibility enables customers to choose the best approach for their environment

Oracle RMAN using EMC backup applications

Oracle RMAN direct backup to Data Domain using NFS, dNFS or CIFS

DD Boost for Oracle RMAN direct backup to Data Domain

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Data Domain Introduction

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Replication

CIFS, NFS, NDMP, DD

Boost

Ethernet

Virtual Tape Library (VTL) or DD Boost over Fibre Channel

Control Tier

Target Tier Disaster Recovery TierBackup and

Archive Applications

IBM

EMC

Symantec

CommVault

HP

Dell

Data Domain System Data Domain System

Introduction to Data DomainData Domain Functionality

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Second Friday Full Backup

B C D E F L G H

A B C D E F G H I J

Friday Full Backup

A B C D A E F G

Mon Incremental A B H

Tues Incremental C B I

Thurs Incremental A C K

Weds Incremental E G J

Backup Estimated Data Logical Reduction Physical

Monday Incremental 50 GB 7–10x 5 GB

Tuesday Incremental 50 GB 7–10x 5 GB

K L

Wednesday Incremental 50 GB 7–10x 5 GB

Thursday Incremental 50 GB 7–10x 5 GB

Second FRIDAY FULL 1 TB 50–60x 18 GB

TOTAL 2.2 TB 7.6x 288 GB

FRIDAY FULL 1 TB 2–4x 250 GB

Introduction to Data DomainData Deduplication: Technology Overview

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1.25

40

ThroughputMB/sec.

Addressable Capacity in TBPost-RAID (Physical)

DD200 (2004)

From DD200 to DD990:• Throughput: ~200x• Capacity: ~450x

DD990 (2012)

570 >PB

8000

Introduction to Data DomainSISL Scalable Architecture

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OtherRAID 6NVRAMSnapshots

End-to-end data verificationChecksumDeduplication, write to diskVerify

Self-healing file systemCleaningExpired dataDefragVerify

Deduplication

Local Compression

RAID

File System

GenerateChecksum

VerifyData

Verify the file system metadata integrity

Verify user data integrity

Verify stripe integrity

End-to-end data verification

Introduction to Data DomainData Integrity: Data Invulnerability Architecture

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95–99% cross-site bandwidth reduction

Source:Remote sites

Destination:Data Center Hub Supports hundreds

of remote sites

1–5%

1–5%

1–5%

Archive data

Backup data

Data Domain DD890

Data Domain system

Flexible replication One-to-many Many-to-one Bi-directional System-to-

system Cascaded

Home

DB

WAN

Home

Data Domain system

Data Domain system

Introduction to Data DomainNetwork Efficient Replication for True Disaster Recovery

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Distributes parts of deduplication process to backup server or application clients

Increases aggregate throughput by up to 2x

Enables more efficient resource utilization

Provides application control of Data Domain replication process

Supports majority of backup software market and native utilities in industry-leading database utilities

DDBoost

Introduction to Data DomainData Domain BOOST

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Backup Data

Archive Data

Low $$/Petabyte – Efficient backup and archive storage with deduplication

technology

Reliability: Storage of last resort– Data Invulnerability Architecture – RAID 6

Fast, Efficient Scalability with data growth– Industry-leading ingest of backup and archive data– Up To 100 PB of logical capacity in a single system

Efficient and Scalable Disaster Recovery– Reduce bandwidth requirements by up to 99 percent– Replication from up to 270 remote systems to a single system

Seamless Integration– Qualified with all leading backup and archive applications

Encryption and compliance retention requirements– Meets compliance requirements for archive retention– Both internal and external key management with RSA

Introduction to Data DomainProtection Storage: EMC Data Domain for Backup and Archive Data

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Oracle Backup with Data Domain Boost

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Oracle Backup and RecoveryRMAN Directly Over Data Domain Boost

Database Admin

Oracle RMAN

Oracle Database

Data Domain System

DD Boost

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DD Boost For RMANWhat Gets Distributed?

Without DD Boost

LAN

Oracle Server

RMAN

ID Segment1

Unique?2

Compress3

Write4

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DD Boost For RMANWhat Gets Distributed?

50% Faster Backups20 to 40% Lower CPU Utilization99% Less LAN Bandwidth

ID Segment1

Unique?2

Compress3

Write4

LAN

Oracle Server

With DD Boost

RMAN

DD Boost

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Data Domain Replication

Oracle Server

RMAN Catalog

Copy 1

Without DD Boost managed file replication

Replicate

RMAN Is Not Aware Of Copy 2

Copy ?

Copy 1 Copy ?

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DD Boost Managed File Replication

RMAN Catalog

Copy 1

With DD Boost managed file replication

RMAN Controls The Creation of Backup Copies

All Copies Are Cataloged By RMAN

Copy 2

Copy 1 Copy 2

Oracle Server

DD Boost

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DD Boost Advanced Load Balancing & Failover

Without Advanced Load Balancing & Failover

No Ability To Balance Streams Across Network Links

Job Failures From Network Failures

Oracle Server A

Oracle Server B

Oracle Server C

Each Server Connects on a Dedicated Link

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DD Boost Advanced Load Balancing & Failover

Streams Load Balanced Across Network Links

Transparent Link Failover For Network Failures

DD Boost

DD Boost

DD Boost

Oracle Server A

Oracle Server B

Oracle Server C

With Advanced Load Balancing & Failover

All Servers Connect To The Same Interface

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Oracle Backup using RMAN Incremental Merge with Data Domain

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Sun Wed ThuMon Tue SatFri

DB Full

Incremental

FullFull Full FullFullFull Full

Full FullFull FullFull

• Enables full recovery from the latest merge, lose all previous fulls• Making a copy of a full each day is costly

Oracle RMAN Incremental MergeTo traditional SAN or NAS storage

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Sun Wed ThuMon Tue Fri

DB Full

Impact of EMC Data Domain with Fastcopy feature

Incremental

FullFull Full FullFullFull Full

Full FullFull FullFull

FullFull Full

Full FullFull

Fastcopy

Oracle RMAN Incremental Merge

• Quickly creates a copy of last full using a fraction of storage• Maintain full copies for each day enabling easier recovery

Sat

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Data Domain for Oracle RMANBoost versus NFS/dNFS

Consider RMAN with Data Domain Boost when:– Full backups are recommended;

especially w/ high change rate *

– Time to scan entire database is not a concern

– NFS security or mount point failure is a concern

– RMAN managed DR is a requirement

– Oracle 10g and 11g environments

Consider RMAN via NFS/dNFS with Data Domain when:– Incremental merge is preferred

when change rate is low *

– Time to scan entire database is a concern

– Network link failure is rare or job restart is acceptable

– Backup/Restore is the only requirement; DR is not

– When the environment is Oracle 11g with dNFS

* Oracle recommends full if incremental is more than 20%

DBA’s have complete control over their own Database Backups & Recoveries and with a greater number of backup copies stored

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The EMC BRS, RMAN Catalog Assessment

Engage with your local EMC BRS Systems Engineer to better understand the health and statistics of your Oracle backups

Identify slow database backups and frequent failures

Helps to provide sizing inputs to accurately size a new Oracle tape free backup solution

– Size of 1 day’s full backup across all databases– Size of 1 day’s archive log backups across all databases– Identify daily change rate

Identify whether compression and/or encryption are in use

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A happy customer…

“Thanks to Data Domain, backup performance has been significantly enhanced, while data storage requirements

have been reduced by 96 percent…The DBAs have control of their backups and they are very happy with that.”

Nancy MagersAssociate Director for Disaster Recovery

Brown University

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and another happy customer…

“In a private cloud, you have to look at the storage and backup as hand in glove because of the shared infrastructure. With EMC

Data Domain, its been a seamless process to integrate backup with our virtualized infrastructure. We haven’t had a single

issue, and our Oracle backups and restores are so much faster and easier to manage.”

Tony VadenVice President and CIO

American Tire Distributors

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Page 33: EMC Backup Recovery Systems

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Oracle dNFS (Direct Network File System)• New in Oracle 11g• To enable, you must still NFS mount

the remote storage on NAS or Data Domain (using OS).• Oracle configuration files tell Oracle

database to manage NFS read/write via Oracle kernel rather than operating system.• dNFS aggregates NIC cards with no

OS config needed. Great performance.