Ebola virus history

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BIOLOGY PRESENTATION BIOLOGY PRESENTATION Topic; Ebola Virus Topic; Ebola Virus Assigned By, Assigned By, Mam Zanab Tariq Mam Zanab Tariq SIDRA BIBI SIDRA BIBI BS 1 BS 1 st st Environmental Science Environmental Science

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Transcript of Ebola virus history

  1. 1. BIOLOGYBIOLOGY PRESENTATIONPRESENTATION Topic; Ebola VirusTopic; Ebola Virus Assigned By,Assigned By, Mam Zanab TariqMam Zanab Tariq SIDRA BIBISIDRA BIBI BS 1BS 1stst Environmental ScienceEnvironmental Science
  2. 2. what we learn about Ebolawhat we learn about Ebola ?? >>What is Ebola virus?What is Ebola virus? >>How Ebola transmit in human body?How Ebola transmit in human body? >>which types of diseases cause by Ebola?which types of diseases cause by Ebola? >>Treatment of Ebola diseases ?Treatment of Ebola diseases ? >>Precautions?Precautions? >conclusion ?>conclusion ?
  3. 3. Ebola virus HistoryEbola virus History Ebola virus, 1976 named for Ebola river valleyEbola virus, 1976 named for Ebola river valley in Congo where it first was studied,in Congo where it first was studied, mainly occur in Africans country.mainly occur in Africans country.
  4. 4. What is Ebola virus?What is Ebola virus? Ebola is a deadly disease caused by aEbola is a deadly disease caused by a virusvirus.. After entering the body, it kills cells,After entering the body, it kills cells, making some of them burstmaking some of them burst.. It wrecks theIt wrecks the immune system, causes heavy bleedingimmune system, causes heavy bleeding inside the body, and damages almost everyinside the body, and damages almost every organorgan.. ..
  5. 5. Some important pointsSome important points Ebola virus kill as many as 90% of people itEbola virus kill as many as 90% of people it infects.infects. it is one of the virus that causing bloody fever.it is one of the virus that causing bloody fever. it live in animal host , and human canit live in animal host , and human can contract the. us from infected animal.contract the. us from infected animal. Death can occur within 10 days of the onset ofDeath can occur within 10 days of the onset of symptomssymptoms.. animals host of this virus are chimpanzees,animals host of this virus are chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats and monkeys and othergorillas, fruit bats and monkeys and other primates.primates.
  6. 6. Host of Ebola virus, AnimalsHost of Ebola virus, Animals primatesprimates Chimpanzee, monkeys, gorillasChimpanzee, monkeys, gorillas
  7. 7. Symptom of Ebola virus diseases inSymptom of Ebola virus diseases in human beingshuman beings (after two to 10 days)(after two to 10 days) Early signs and symptoms includeEarly signs and symptoms include:: FeverFever Severe headacheSevere headache Joint and muscle achesJoint and muscle aches ChillsChills WeaknessWeakness
  8. 8. Over time, symptoms becomeOver time, symptoms become increasingly severe and mayincreasingly severe and may includeinclude . (after 10 to 21 days). (after 10 to 21 days) vomitingvomiting Diarrhea (may be bloody)Diarrhea (may be bloody) Red eyesRed eyes Raised rashRaised rash Chest pain and coughChest pain and cough Stomach painStomach pain Severe weight lossSevere weight loss Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruisingBleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruising (people near death may bleed f such as ears, nose(people near death may bleed f such as ears, nose Internal bleeding ,Internal bleeding ,
  9. 9. How to prevent from Ebola,How to prevent from Ebola, No licensed is vaccine available to preventNo licensed is vaccine available to prevent EVD, SOEVD, SO We need to care to prevent from itWe need to care to prevent from it
  10. 10. **Ebola virus transmission andEbola virus transmission and precautionsprecautions
  11. 11. Reducing the risk of wildlifeReducing the risk of wildlife --toto--humanhuman transmissiontransmission,, 1.1.Dont contact with infected fruit bats orDont contact with infected fruit bats or monkeys/apes and the consumption of theirmonkeys/apes and the consumption of their raw meat.raw meat. 2. Animals should be handled with gloves2. Animals should be handled with gloves and other appropriate protective clothingand other appropriate protective clothing 3. Animal products3. Animal products ((meatmeat)) should beshould be thoroughly cooked before consumptionthoroughly cooked before consumption..
  12. 12. 1.from direct or close contact with people with1.from direct or close contact with people with Ebola symptoms, particularly with their bodyEbola symptoms, particularly with their body fluids.fluids. 2. Gloves and appropriate personal protective2. Gloves and appropriate personal protective equipment should be worn when taking care ofequipment should be worn when taking care of ill patients at homeill patients at home.. 3. Regular hand washing is required after3. Regular hand washing is required after visiting patients in hospitalvisiting patients in hospital Reducing the risk of humanReducing the risk of human --toto-- human transmissionhuman transmission
  13. 13. Outbreak containmentOutbreak containment measuresmeasures safe burial of the dead, identifying people who maysafe burial of the dead, identifying people who may have been in contact with someone infected withhave been in contact with someone infected with Ebola,Ebola, separating the healthy from the sick to prevent furtherseparating the healthy from the sick to prevent further spread,spread,
  14. 14. Prevention clothsPrevention cloths
  15. 15. Treatment,Treatment, Early supportive care with dehydration,Early supportive care with dehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survivalsymptomatic treatment improves survival.. ThereThere is as yet no licensed treatment proven tois as yet no licensed treatment proven to neutralize the virus but a range of blood,neutralize the virus but a range of blood, immunological and drug therapies are underimmunological and drug therapies are under development. but 2 potential vaccines aredevelopment. but 2 potential vaccines are undergoing human safety testing.undergoing human safety testing.
  16. 16. How Ebola effect environment ?How Ebola effect environment ? Destruction of wild life ( primates )Destruction of wild life ( primates ) human population decrease of that areahuman population decrease of that area tourism rate of infected country also decreasetourism rate of infected country also decrease people migrate from infected area (migrationpeople migrate from infected area (migration problems )problems ) social communication reducesocial communication reduce
  17. 17. BioterrorismBioterrorism There has been concern about Ebola virus as a possibleThere has been concern about Ebola virus as a possible weapon for bioterrorism.weapon for bioterrorism. ..
  18. 18. conclusionconclusion Ebola, a major threat to today's society, isEbola, a major threat to today's society, is threatening all parts of today's culture. it isthreatening all parts of today's culture. it is fatal disease there are no vaccine thatfatal disease there are no vaccine that prevent it so, The spread of knowledgeprevent it so, The spread of knowledge about the Ebola virus is expected to solveabout the Ebola virus is expected to solve another big part of the problem. but it is theanother big part of the problem. but it is the truth and I believe it is our job to protect ourtruth and I believe it is our job to protect our children and all those around the world aschildren and all those around the world as well as ourselves , so start educating now.well as ourselves , so start educating now.
  19. 19. AYAT E-SHIFAAYAT E-SHIFA And We sent down in the Quran suchAnd We sent down in the Quran such things that have healing and mercythings that have healing and mercy for the believersfor the believers(an-Najm, 17:82)(an-Najm, 17:82)
  20. 20. Any question????Any question????