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  1. 1. GARY DESSLER HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Global Edition 12e Chapter 1 Introduction to Human Resource Management PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook The University of West AlabamaCopyright 2011 Pearson Education Part 1 Introduction
  2. 2. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 12 WHERE WE ARE NOW
  3. 3. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 13 1. Explain what human resource management is and how it relates to the management process. 2. Show with examples why human resource management is important to all managers. 3. Illustrate the human resources responsibilities of line and staff (HR) managers. 4. Briefly discuss and illustrate each of the important trends influencing human resource management. 5. List and briefly describe important trends in human resource management. 6. Define and give an example of evidence-based human resource management. 7. Outline the plan of this book. LEARNING OUTCOMES
  4. 4. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 14 Human Resource Management at Work What Is Human Resource Management (HRM)? The process of acquiring, training, appraising, and compensating employees, and of attending to their labor relations, health and safety, and fairness concerns. Organization People with formally assigned roles who work together to achieve the organizations goals. Manager The person responsible for accomplishing the organizations goals, and who does so by managing the efforts of the organizations people.
  5. 5. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 15 The Management Process Planning Organizing Leading Staffing Controlling
  6. 6. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 16 Human Resource Management Processes Acquisition Training Appraisal CompensationLabor Relations Health and Safety Fairness Human Resource Management (HRM)
  7. 7. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 17 Personnel Aspects of a Managers Job Conducting job analyses Planning labor needs and recruiting job candidates Selecting job candidates Orienting and training new employees Managing wages and salaries Providing incentives and benefits Appraising performance Communicating Training and developing managers Building employee commitment
  8. 8. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 18 Personnel Mistakes Hire the wrong person for the job Experience high turnover Have your people not doing their best Waste time with useless interviews Have your firm in court because of discriminatory actions Have your firm cited by OSHA for unsafe practices Have some employees think their salaries are unfair and inequitable relative to others in the organization Allow a lack of training to undermine your departments effectiveness Commit any unfair labor practices
  9. 9. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 19 Basic HR Concepts The bottom line of managing: Getting results HR creates value by engaging in activities that produce the employee behaviors that the organization needs to achieve its strategic goals. Looking ahead: Using evidence-based HRM to measure the value of HR activities in achieving those goals.
  10. 10. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 110 Line and Staff Aspects of HRM Line Manager Is authorized (has line authority) to direct the work of subordinates and is responsible for accomplishing the organizations tasks. Staff Manager Assists and advises line managers. Has functional authority to coordinate personnel activities and enforce organization policies.
  11. 11. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 111 Line Managers HRM Responsibilities 1. Placing the right person on the right job 2. Starting new employees in the organization (orientation) 3. Training employees for jobs that are new to them 4. Improving the job performance of each person 5. Gaining creative cooperation and developing smooth working relationships 6. Interpreting the firms policies and procedures 7. Controlling labor costs 8. Developing the abilities of each person 9. Creating and maintaining department morale 10. Protecting employees health and physical condition
  12. 12. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 112 Human Resource Managers Duties Line Function Line Authority Implied Authority Staff Functions Staff Authority Innovator/Advocacy Functions of HR Managers Coordinative Function Functional Authority
  13. 13. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 113 FIGURE 11 Human Resources Organization Chart for a Large Organization
  14. 14. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 114 FIGURE 12 Human Resources Organization Chart for a Small Company
  15. 15. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 115 Human Resource Specialties Recruiter EEO coordinator Labor relations specialist Training specialist Job analyst Compensation manager Human Resource Specialties
  16. 16. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 116 New Approaches to Organizing HR Transactional HR group Corporate HR group Embedded HR unit New HR Services Groups Centers of Expertise
  17. 17. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 117 Trends Shaping Human Resource Management Globalization and Competition Trends Technological Trends Indebtedness (Leverage) and Deregulation Trends in the Nature of Work Workforce and Demographic Trends Economic Challenges and Trends Trends in HR Management
  18. 18. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 118 FIGURE 14 Trends Shaping Human Resource Management
  19. 19. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 119 FIGURE 15 Employment Exodus: Percent of employers who said they planned as of 2008 to offshore a number of these jobs
  20. 20. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 120 Trends in the Nature of Work High-Tech Jobs Service Jobs Changes in How We Work Knowledge Work and Human Capital
  21. 21. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 121 TABLE 11 Demographic Groups as a Percent of the Workforce, 19862016
  22. 22. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 122 Workforce and Demographic Trends Demographic Trends Generation Y Retirees Nontraditional Workers Trends Affecting Human Resources
  23. 23. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 123 FIGURE 16 Gross National Product (GNP)
  24. 24. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 124 FIGURE 17 Case-Shiller Home Price Indexes
  25. 25. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 125 Important Trends in HRM The New HR Managers High-Performance Work Systems Strategic HRM Evidence-Based HRM Managing Ethics HR Certification Human Resource Management Trends
  26. 26. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 126 Meeting Todays HRM Challenges Focus more on big picture (strategic) issues Find new ways to provide transactional services The New Human Resource Managers Acquire broader business knowledge and new HRM proficiencies
  27. 27. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 127 TABLE 12 Some Technological Applications to Support HR Technology How Used by HR Application service providers (ASPs) and technology outsourcing ASPs provide software application, for instance, for processing employment applications. The ASPs host and manage the services for the employer from their own remote computers Web portals Employers use these, for instance, to enable employees to sign up for and manage their own benefits packages and to update their personal information Streaming desktop video Used, for instance, to facilitate distance learning and training or to provide corporate information to employees quickly and inexpensively Internet- and network- monitoring software Used to track employees Internet and e-mail activities or to monitor their performance Electronic signatures Legally valid e-signatures that employers use to more expeditiously obtain signatures for applications and record keeping Electronic bill presentment and payment Used, for instance, to eliminate paper checks and to facilitate payments to employees and suppliers Data warehouses and computerized analytical programs Help HR managers monitor their HR systems. For example, they make it easier to assess things like cost per hire, and to compare current employees skills with the firms projected strategic needs
  28. 28. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 128 FIGURE 18 Effects CFOs Believe Human Capital Has on Business Outcomes
  29. 29. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 129 High-Performance Work Systems Increase productivity and performance by: Recruiting, screening and hiring more effectively Providing more and better training Paying higher wages Providing a safer work environment Linking pay to performance
  30. 30. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 130 Evidence-Based HRM Actual measurements Existing data Providing Evidence for HRM Decision Making Research studies
  31. 31. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 131 Managing Ethics Ethics Standards that someone uses to decide what his or her conduct should be HRM-related Ethical Issues Workplace safety Security of employee records Employee theft Affirmative action Comparable work Employee privacy rights
  32. 32. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 132 HR Certification HR is becoming more professionalized. Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) SHRMs Human Resource Certification Institute (HRCI) SPHR (Senior Professional in HR) certificate GPHR (Global Professional in HR) certificate PHR (Professional in HR) certificate
  33. 33. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 133 The Plan of This Book: Basic Themes HRM is the responsibility of every manager. The workforce is becoming increasingly diverse. Current economic challenges require that HR managers develop new and better skills to effectively and efficiently deliver and manage HR services. The intensely competitive nature of business today means human resource managers must defend their plans and contributions in measurable terms.
  34. 34. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 134 FIGURE 110 Strategy and the Basic Human Resource Management Process
  35. 35. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education 135 K E Y T E R M S org