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  1. 1. Template designed by Desktop and Client virtualization: new workstyles with Microsoft VDI Nicola Ferrini IT PRO Trainer Virtualization Expert
  2. 2. Slide con sponsor che arriva a qualche giorno dalla conferenza sponsor
  3. 3. IT PRO Trainer Technical Writer Technet Speaker Server, Desktop & Application Virtualization Expert Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) More on: Who Am I ? NICOLA FERRINI
  4. 4. Presentation Virtualization (VDI) Application Virtualization (App-V) Presentation Virtualization (RDS) Agenda
  5. 5. Management Presentation Virtualization UserState Virtualization Folder Redirection Offline files Application Virtualization Microsoft Virtualization Modes Desktop Virtualization Server Virtualization Remote Desktop Services CloudComputing Hyper-V Server Virtual PC MED-V App-V System Center
  6. 6. Template designed by Presentation Virtualization (VDI)
  7. 7. VDI: What VDI is? Centralizes the storage, execution, and management of Windows desktops Key deployment scenarios of VDI are persistent virtual machines and pooled virtual machines Stores and maintains the user work area in the data center Enables technologies such as Hyper-V and Remote Desktop Services
  8. 8. Key Benefits of VDI Improved access to data and applications from any device Improved data security and compliance Simplified management and deployment of applications Improved business continuity Integrated management of physical, virtual, and session-based desktops Centralized data storage and backup
  9. 9. Types of VDI Pooled virtual desktops Personal virtual desktops Each virtual machine is like a traditional personal computer, where user data, settings, applications, and operating systems are stored, and each user is assigned a personal virtual desktop. Identically configured virtual machines are in the pool and users can connect to any virtual machine. After users log off, all changes are discarded, so user data must be stored outside the virtual machine.
  10. 10. VDI Components in Windows Server 2012 R2 Active Directory Remote Desktop Web Access Remote Desktop Connection Broker Remote Desktop Virtualization Host Remote Desktop Session Host Remote Desktop Gateway
  11. 11. RD Connection Broker in VDI Deployments Brokering involves: Identifying a virtual machine for the user Preparing the virtual machine for remote connection Sending virtual machine details to a session host server Monitoring user sessions in a virtual desktop pool scenario RD Connection Broker enables user connections to connect to an appropriate endpoint
  12. 12. Configuring Virtual Machines Supported operating systems: Windows 7 Windows 8/8.1 Configuring virtual machines for virtual desktops: Joins virtual machines to the domain Configures the Remote Desktop functionality by: Enabling RDP and RPC for RDS Adding VDI users to Remote Desktop Users group Configuring Windows Firewall
  13. 13. Deploying and Accessing Virtual Desktops
  14. 14. Template designed by Application Virtualization (App-V)
  15. 15. What Is Application Virtualization? Benefits of application virtualization are: Centralized management Scalable infrastructure Accessible applications Remote Desktop Server support Reduced license compliance risks Usage reporting Application virtualization allows you to run applications on client computers as if they were installed locally
  16. 16. Access anywhere Over the web Portable devices Just in time deployment (Click-to-Run) Installer does not run Instant gratification Simple servicing Update once, deliver everywhere Users automatically stay up to date Run applications as a service
  17. 17. No changes to system Safely run apps side-by-side No OS decay over time Lower migration costs State separation Store App state separate from OS state State categorized as user versus system User state stored in profile, roams with profile Run applications without conflicts
  18. 18. App packaged using Sequencer Installation monitored to capture resources App image placed on server for distribution App streamed to client over network SMB, HTTP(S) App-V runs app in Virtual Environment (VE) App virtualization layer handles resource requests How Does It Work?
  19. 19. Advantages: Centralized application management Support for roaming users and making applications available quickly Can run multiple versions of Office on the desktop Previously incompatible applications can run on the same desktop Centralized image simplifies updates, management & helpdesk Limitations: Requires a supporting infrastructure and resources Consider network bandwidth availability for streaming applications Integration into existing infrastructure, such as the patch management process Use Microsoft Application Virtualization to stream applications on-demand
  20. 20. What Is App-V Desktop Client? Application Virtualization Management Server Application Virtualization Desktop Client Network Requests applications to be streamed Receives the application code Sets up the runtime environment Executes the code locally
  21. 21. Demo Infrastructure
  22. 22. Application Virtualization in a VDI scenario
  23. 23. In Microsoft Application Virtualization (App-V) 5.0 the Client supports using a shared read-only cache Shared read-only cache enables the Client to use disk space efficiently in a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) system You can deploy the App-V Client in a VDI scenario by using a shared read-only cache that has been populated with all the applications required for all users. App-V 5.0 Shared Cache for VDI environments
  24. 24. Template designed by Presentation Virtualization (RDS)
  25. 25. What Is RDS? RDS is presentation virtualization technology that provides access to session-based desktops, virtual machinebased desktops, and applications RDS provides the following benefits: Run an application or an entire desktop on centralized servers Manage session-based desktops, applications, or virtual machine based desktops on centralized servers Provide an entire desktop, or just application window Provide integration of local and RemoteApp programs Enable secure remote access without establishing a VPN connection Centrally control which RD Session hosts can be accessed, who can access them, and device redirection
  26. 26. RDS Architecture RD Web Access RD Gateway RD Connection Broker Active Directory RD Licensing Server RD Virtualization Host RD Session Host RD Client
  27. 27. RDS & VDI An Integrated Solution Remote Desktop Gateway Server Remote Desktop Connection Broker Remote App Servers Client Authentication Hyper-V-based Remote Desktops
  28. 28. What Is the App-V Client for Remote Desktops? App-v Management Server Client Computer Network LAN, VPN, Internet LAN Remote Desktop Server App-V Remote Desktop Client The App-V Remote Desktop Client: Uses a separate installer from the Desktop client Requires putting the Remote Desktop server into install mode to install the client
  29. 29. Demo Infrastructure
  30. 30. Application Virtualization in a RDS scenario
  31. 31. What Are RemoteApp Programs? A RemoteApp program: Can be accessed remotely through Remote Desktop Connection Displays on the client as if it is running on the local computer Can run along with local programs on the client computer Has its own resizable window and entry on the taskbar Can share a RD session with another RemoteApp program on the same terminal server RemoteApp programs run remotely on RD Session Host server and can integrate with locally running programs
  32. 32. What Is RemoteApp and Desktop Connections? Provides a personalized view of RemoteApp programs, session-based desktops, and virtual desktops The benefits of RemoteApp and Desktop Connections are: RemoteApp programs run from the Start menu on the client Includes published Remote Desktops and Virtual Desktops Changes are automatically reflected on the users Start menu Programs are easily accessed through Windows search Does not require domain membership Built on standard technologies You can create a RemoteApp and Desktop Connections configuration file (.wcx) and distribute it to users
  33. 33. Application Virtualization in a RemoteApp scenario
  34. 34. RD GATEWAY Enables Terminal Services-based (RDP) connections without need for the broader capabilities of VPN Requires Remote Desktop Connection 6.1 Requires Microsoft Network Policy Server Needs to be domain joined Accessing RemoteApp Programs from an External Network DMZ External Firewall Internal Firewall Terminal Services Gateway Network Policy Server/Domain Controller Validate User Access and Client Health 1 2 3 Terminal Server or Remote PC RCP/HTTPS Removed Internet Home Mobile Business Branch Office 4
  35. 35. RDS Gateway In Action RDP hosts can now be put behind firewall HTTP/S used to traverse firewall AD/NPS/NAP checked before connection allowed New Remote Desktop Connection client required AD/NPS/NAP User browses to RD Web Access User initiates HTTP/S connection to TS Gateway Terminal Servers or XP/Vista/7 RDS Gateway RDS Web Access Internet DMZ Internal Network RDP over HTTP/S established to RDGW RDP 3389 to host AD/IAS/NAP checked Windows 7 RDC client
  36. 36. Grazie a tutti per la partecipazione Riceverete il link per il download a slide e demo via email nei prossimi giorni Maggiori informazioni su Grazie