Desain Tata Letak

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Desain Tata Letak. Tujuan Strategi Tata Letak. Develop an economical layout which will meet the requirements of: product design and volume (product strategy) process equipment and capacity (process strategy) quality of work life (human resource strategy) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Desain Tata Letak

Tujuan Strategi Tata LetakDevelop an economical layout which will meet the requirements of:product design and volume (product strategy)process equipment and capacity (process strategy)quality of work life (human resource strategy)building and site constraints (location strategy)Tipe Tipe Tata LetakFixed-position layoutProcess-oriented layoutOffice layoutRetail layoutWarehouse layoutProduct-oriented layout

What is Facility LayoutLocation or arrangement of everything within & around buildingsObjectives are to maximizeCustomer satisfaction Utilization of space, equipment, & peopleEfficient flow of information, material, & peopleEmployee morale & safetyDesain Tata Letak harus Mempertimbangkan Objektivitas Berikut:Utilisasi ruang, peralatan dan orang yang lebih tinggiAliran informasi yang lebih baikMoral karyawan yang lebih baikInteraksi dengan pelanggan yang lebih baikFleksibelitasTipe Tipe Tata LetakFixed-position layout Tata Letak dengan Posis TetapMemenuhi persyaratan tata letak untuk proyek yang besar dan memakan tempat seperti proyek pembuatan kapalProcess-oriented layout Tata Letak berorientasi ProyekBerhubungan dengan produksi dengan volume rendah dan bervariasi tinggiOffice layout Tata Letak KantorMenempatakan para karyawan, peralatan mereka dan ruangan / kantor yang melancarkan aliran informasiRetail/service layout Tata Letak RitelMenempatkan rak rak dan memberi tanggapan atas perilaku pelangganWarehouse layout Tata Letak GudangMelihat kelebihan atau kekurangan antara ruangan dan sistem penanganan bahanProduct-oriented layout Tata Letak yang berorientasi pada ProdukMencari utilisasi karyawan dan mesin yang paling baik dalam produksi yang kontinyuTipe Tipe Tata LetakLayout StrategiesProject(fixed-position)Job Shop(Process-oriented)OfficeRetailWarehouse(storage)Repetitive/Continuous(product-oriented)ExamplesPittsburgh AirportProblemIngal Ship Building Corp.Trump Plaza

Shouldice HospitalOlive GardenAllstate InsuranceMicrosoftKrogers SupermarketWalgreensBloomingdalesFederal-Moguls WarehouseThe Gaps distribution centerSonys TV Assembly LineDodge Caravans MinivansMove material to the limited storage areas around the siteManage varied material flow for each productLocate workers requiring frequent contact close to each otherExpose customer to high-margin itemsBalance low-cost storage with low-cost material handlingEqualize the task time at each workstationContoh Layout Kantor

Requirements of a Good Layoutan understanding of capacity and space requirementsselection of appropriate material handling equipmentdecisions regarding environment and aestheticsidentification and understanding of the requirements for information flowidentification of the cost of moving between the various work areasConstraints on Layout ObjectivesProduct design & volumeProcess equipment & capacityQuality of work lifeBuilding and site Layout Strategies, Examples, and CriteriaService/retailDrug storeGrocery storeDepartment storeExpose customer to highmargin itemsStorageDistributorWarehouseMinimize storage andhandling costsProduct orientedTV assembly lineMinimize line imbalance,delay, and idle timeLayout strategy Example CriteriaLayoutStrategyMaterialFlowCommunicationWorkCellSafetyMaterialAttributesWarehousingServiceAreasAreas of Concern in Layout StrategyFixed-Position LayoutDesign is for stationary project Workers and equipment come to siteComplicating factorsLimited space at siteChanging material needsOffice LayoutDesign positions people, equipment, & offices for maximum information flowArranged by process or productExample: Payroll dept. is by processRelationship chart usedExamplesInsurance companySoftware company

Office Layout Floor Plan

AccountingManagerBrand XFinanceFin.Acct.Retail/Service LayoutDesign maximizes product exposure to customersDecision variablesStore flow patternAllocation of (shelf) space to products TypesGrid designFree-flow designVideoRetail /Service Layout -Grid Design

OfficeCartsCheck-outGrocery StoreMeatBreadMilkProduceFrozen FoodsA Good Service Layout (Servicescape) ConsidersAmbient conditions - background characteristics such as lighting, sound, smell, and temperature.Spatial layout and functionality - which involve customer circulation path planningSigns, Symbols, and Artifacts - characteristics of building design that carry social significanceWarehouse Layout Floor PlanZonesConveyorTruckOrder PickerProduct-Oriented LayoutFacility organized around productDesign minimizes line imbalanceDelay between work stationsTypes: Fabrication line; assembly lineProduct-Oriented RequirementsStandardized productHigh production volumeStable production quantitiesUniform quality of raw materials & componentsProduct-Oriented Layout AdvantagesLower variable cost per unitLower material handling costsLower work-in-process inventoriesEasier training & supervisionRapid throughput

Product-Oriented Layout DisadvantagesHigher capital investment Special equipmentAny work stoppage stops whole processLack of flexibilityVolumeProductABEHCDFGI10 Min.51112373411Precedence Diagram Example