Deconstruction Architecture

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Transcript of Deconstruction Architecture

  • ARCHITECTURE
  • ABSTRACT When we deconstruct anything, we simply do not destroy, dissolve or cancel the legitimacy of what we will be constructing. -Jacques Derrida-
  • INDEX 1 2 3 4 5 INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • INTRODUCTION - What? It is an architectural movement that began in the early 1980s. It is influenced by the theory of "Deconstruction". It is characterized by fragmentation, and interest in manipulating a structure's surface or skin through transform the basic Volumes of architecture (Cube, Cuboid, Pyramid & sphere) in order to recombine it in a new hybrid shapes. Fragmentation Basic Shape INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Recombining Transformation HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • INTRODUCTION - Why? Deconstructivism rejected the postmodern acceptance of the historical references, as well as the idea of ornament as an after-thought or decoration. Postmodern Modern INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Deconstruction HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • INTRODUCTION - Goals Deconstructivism attempts to move away from the supposedly constricting 'rules' of modernism such as: form follows function INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Purity of form HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS Truth to materials CRITIQUES
  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Deconstructivism came to public notice with the 1982 Parc de la Villette architectural design competition. (especially the entry from Jacques Derrida and Peter Eisenman and Bernard Tschumi's winning entry). INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The Museum of Modern Arts (MoMA) 1988 Deconstructivist Architecture exhibition in New York, organized by Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley. Philip Johnson Mark Wigley INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND and the 1989 opening of the Wexner Center for the Arts in Columbus, designed by Peter Eisenman. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The New York exhibition featured works by Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Eisenman, Zaha Hadid, Coop Himmelb(l)au, and Bernard Tschumi. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Since the exhibition, some architects associated with Deconstructivism have distanced themselves from it. Nonetheless, the term has stuck and has come to embrace a general trend within contemporary architecture. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY Deconstruction is a literary theory and philosophy of language derived principally from Jacques Derrida's 1967 work Of Grammatology. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY the clearest explanation on Derridas thinking, which I also found to be notoriously difficult. its fundamental to Derridas extraordinary view of the world that nothing has much meaning anyway. Thats why he struggles so hard not to communicate with us; he actually intends it to be difficult for us to find out what he says, if he has anything to say at all! Many attempts to explain or to analyze Deconstruction have been violently rebutted on the grounds that such approaches violate the very nature of Deconstruction. Its proponents insist that "it cannot be described and stated as other positions can" because it is a new form of logic that has superseded the old traditional logic in which such analyses are couched. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES Analyze Describe
  • PHILOSOPHY Derrida tends to work not so much by initiating ideas as by reacting, forcibly, to what others have written already. In each case Derrida aims to refute thinkers with arguments derived from the authors own writings, to demonstrate -successfully in many cases- that the very premises on which the authors base their cases will, if pursued to their logical conclusions, defeat the original arguments. Deconstruction, after all, is literally concerned -as Derrida insists- with written texts. His attacks are especially focused on subjects such as: Subjects 1. Metaphysics INTRODUCTION 2. Clarity 3. Logocentrism PHILOSOPHY 4. Meaning HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 5. Feelings CHARACTERISTICS 6. Binary Thinking CRITIQUES 7. Phonocentrism 8. Palimpsest
  • PHILOSOPHY Metaphysics is the age-old search for truth and the essence of being that has been the center of occidental Philosophy. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Derrida despises this search through the centuries for the ultimate truth, for the reason of our existence & the idea that there should be some kind of "absolute knowledge", "prime mover" or "God". HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY This is relevant to architecture in that, for Derrida, there is no "one best way", no "International Style", no roots from which all architecture has grown. So there are no received truths Classical, Modernist or other. Absolutes in Architecture Absolute knowledge INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY To "deconstruct" at all -program, form or structure- is to demonstrate one's view that there are no absolutes in architecture, that attempts, such as Heidegger's (in philosophy) or Le Corbusiers, Wrights and others (in architecture) to find such absolutes are doomed to failure. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Church of the year 2000, Rome by Eisenman. (Deconstruction itself rejects the existence of God) CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY Clarity in Structuralist predecessors is to write simply, directly, clearly and unambiguously, INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Derrida is part of the Post-Structurlist movement that strongly reacted against the clarity. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY Ambiguous INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY It is my evident desire to insinuate my thoughts into your brain, and thus colonize your mind! That is why they write deliberately in such an unclear, diffuse, incoherent and ambiguous way that will get you so angry that, in your struggle to understand, you will be forced into having your own thoughts. -Broadbent-. Deconstructivist architecture is ambiguous as a Deconstructivist text, whereas clarity is what we see when analyzing Modern architecture, simplicity in its structure, coherence in its programme. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES Diffuse incoherent Ambiguous Struggle to Understand Give up Accept as it is
  • PHILOSOPHY Robert Venturi, an exponent of Post-Modernism, had demonstrated a parallel kind of thinking in architecture when in "Complexity and Contradiction" (1966) he attacked "Modernist transparency". INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Outside of a building should not be molded according to its inside logic CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Logocentrism: analyzing the structure of our language -in believe that language is what allows us to think- to unveil the structure of our thoughts and thus arrive at those "ultimate truths". HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY Derrida despises Logocentrism and even rejects any relationship between a word and its meaning. That is why he uses words in any way he pleases, and makes it so difficult for us to understand him. He wants words (and presumably buildings) to literally have no single meaning. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  • PHILOSOPHY He sees Deconstruction as our attempt to reco