Curriculum models (Philippines' Curriculum Models)

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Philippine Basic Education Curriculum

Transcript of Curriculum models (Philippines' Curriculum Models)

  • Public School Curriculum Philippines Public School Curriculum Model Adora A. Barnachea CE 217 Graduate Program, Miriam College Sept. 20, 2013 Ma. Carmen R. Gaerlan, Ed.D Professor
  • * DepEd _______________________________________ * BEC _________________________________________ * NESC ________________________________________ * NSEC ________________________________________ * PELC ________________________________________ * PSLC ________________________________________ * DECS ________________________________________ * RBEC ________________________________________ Pre-assessment (How Familiar Are You?) Department of Education Basic Education Curriculum New Elementary School Curriculum New Secondary Education Curriculum Philippine Elementary Learning Competencies Philippine Secondary Learning Competencies Dept. of Education, Culture & Sports Revised Basic Education Curriculum
  • * National Elementary School Curriculum (1984 2002) * New Secondary Education Curriculum (1991 2002) * Revised Basic Education Curriculum 2002 (RBEC 2002) * Secondary Education Curriculum Understanding by Design Model (UBD) 2010 * K-12 Basic Education Curriculum 2012 The Philippine Basic Education Curriculum (BEC)
  • The Philippine Basic Education Curriculum (BEC)
  • Development of Philippine Education Pre-Spanish Times informal, unstructured, and devoid of methods. Children were provided more vocational training and less academics (3 Rs) by their parents and in the houses of tribal tutors.
  • Development of Philippine Education Spanish system Education was religion-oriented; It was for the elite class only Liberalized through the enactment of the Educational Decree of 1863 or the free public education system in the Philippines; the rst in Asia Provided for the establishment of at least one primary school for boys and girls in each town under the responsibility of the municipal government; and the establishment of a normal school for male teachers under the supervision of the Jesuits. Primary instruction was free and available to every Filipino regardless of ethnicity and socio-economic status
  • Development of Philippine Education Malolos Constitution - A system of free and compulsory elementary education was established Schurman Commission - An adequate secularized and improved free public school system Taft Commission English as medium of instruction 1901 Philippine Commission installation of highly centralized public school system and more than 600 American teachers were brought to the Philippines (Thomasites)
  • Development of Philippine Education Japanese Education - the teaching of Tagalog, Philippine History, and Character Education was reserved for Filipinos. Love for work and dignity of labor was emphasized. Education during pre-Martial Law The 2-2 plan which provided common curriculum in the 1st and 2nd years, vocational curricula was implemented.
  • Development of Philippine Education Education Under the New Society Pres. Marcos formulated a 10 year national education development program. In 1972, Department of Education became Department of Education and Culture. 1973 Constitution Revised Secondary Education Program and set out the 3 fundamental aims of Philippine Education: 1. Foster love of country; 2. Teach the duties of citizenship; and 3. Develop moral character, self-discipline, and scientic, technological & vocational eciency.
  • Development of Philippine Education Education Under the New Society Pres. Marcos formulated a 10 year national education development program. 1978 DECS became Ministry of Education & Culture The Education Act of 1982 or BP 232 o provided for an integrated system of education covering for both formal and non-formal education at all levels; oalso created the Ministry of Education, Culture & Sports
  • Development of Philippine Education * The researches, surveys and experimental studies which developed the National Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) and the New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC) . The Presidential Commission to Study Philippine Education 1970 (PCSPE) Survey of the Outcomes of Elementary Education 1975 (SOUTELE) Experimental Elementary Education Program 1978 (EEEP)
  • National Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) * The rst research-based curriculum in the country. * Fewer learning areas, emphasis on mastery learning, more time allotment for the basic skills. * Development of the learning competencies known as the Minimum Learning Competencies (MLC) * The mastery of learning was emphasized wherein it is expected that the students will acquire the 75% mastery of the listed competencies or 7 out of 10 questions in the formative test.
  • New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC) * To improve performance in science, math and communication Focus on process, values development, productivity and technology * The NSEC included the following learning areas to be taught for 400 minutes daily from First Year to Fourth Year: Values Education Araling Panlipunan Filipino Science and Technology English Physical Education, Health and Music Mathematics Technology and Home Economics
  • New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC) Studies/Researches Findings/Recommendation National Elementary Achievement Test (NEAT) Grade VI students were able to answer correctly less than 50% of questions asked in Science, Mathematics, and English National and Secondary Assessment Test (NSAT) A mean percentage score of only 50% was achieved. Committee on Information Technology, Science, Mathematics, Education & other Technology. An overcrowded curriculum especially in Grade I-III resulted in poor performance of pupils in the elementary grades. Students needed longer time in science and mathematics 2002 Basic Education CurriculumBawat Graduate Bayani at Marangal (DepED, April 5, 2002).
  • New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC) Studies/Researches Findings/Recommendation Aurora Roldan, Present Realities in Reading Education Our students are decient in reading ability. They have not developed the higher order thinking skills even at Grade V. There is the danger of reverting to illiteracy if the students dropped out before completing Grade VI. Third International Mathematics & Science Study (TIMMS) The Philippines ranked 39th out of 42 countries which participated in the study, Allan B. I. Bernardo, The Learning Process: The Neglected Phenomenon in Science and Mathematics Education Reform in the Philippines In comparison with other countries, the Philippine science syllabus contained more topics suggesting that the curriculum is still congested. 2002 Basic Education CurriculumBawat Graduate Bayani at Marangal (DepED, April 5, 2002).
  • * According to then-Sec. of Education Raul Roco, the 2002 BEC was based on a 16-year study (starting in 1986). Implementation of RBEC was based on Executive Order No. 46, which in turn was based on recommendations of the Philippine Commission on Educational Reforms (PCER), created on Dec. 7, 1998. * The restructuring of the curriculum is part of an ongoing eort to improve the quality of learning. We are focusing on the basics of improving literacy and numeracy while inculcating values across learning areas to make it dynamic. (Raul Roco) * The 2002 BEC is a restructuring and not a sweeping change of the elementary and secondary curricula (NESC & NSEC) BEC 2002/RBEC 2002