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Volume 28 Number 1 2012

special issue featuring

A Closer Look at Ocean Careers through the NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer: A Case Study

National Marine Educators Association... to make known the world of water, both fresh and salt.THE NATIONAL MARINE EDUCATORS ASSOCIATION brings together those interested in the study and enjoyment of the world of water. Affiliated with the National Science Teachers Association, NMEA includes professionals with backgrounds in education, science, business, government, museums, aquariums, and marine research, among others. Members receive Current: The Journal of Marine Education, NMEA News, and discounts at annual conferences. Membership information is available from: NMEA, P.O. Box 1470, Ocean Springs, MS 395661470; Phone: (228) 701-1770; Fax: (228) 701-1771; email: johnette@imms.org, or visit our website online at www.marine-ed.org/.NMEA OFFICERS:

Volume 28 Number 1 2012

Lisa M. Tooker, Managing Editor Paula Keener, Issue Editor Megan Garziano, DesignEDITORIAL BOARD

Vicki Clark VIMS/Virginia Sea Grant Dru Clarke Kansas State University Elizabeth Day-Miller BridgeWater Education Consulting, LLC Nora L. Deans North Pacific Research Board Laura Diederick Smithsonian Marine Station John Dindo Dauphin Island Sea Lab Amy Fleischer Mass Audubon's Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary Bill Hastie Salmon-Trout Enhancement Program Advisory Committee Paula Keener Ocean Exploration and Research Program, NOAA David Niebuhr Man and the Sea Project, Inc. Maryellen Timmons University of Georgia-MES Sharon Walker Institute for Marine Mammal StudiesCurrent is published up to four times a year for members of the National Marine Educators Association. Library subscriptions to Current are available for $40 a year. Individual copies are available from the editors for $5 plus $1.25 postage. Editorial and advertising offices: NMEA, c/o Johnette Bosarge, P.O. Box 1470, Ocean Springs, MS 39566-1470 2012 by Current: The Journal of Marine Education (ISSN 0889-5546). Publication of the National Marine Educators Association. The opinions expressed by authors do not necessarily reflect those of NMEA. Permission is granted by NMEA for libraries and other users to make reprographic copies for their own or their clients personal or non-commercial use. This permission does not extend to copying for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, resale, or any material not copyrighted to the NMEA. For more information or questions, contact the editor of Current: The Journal of Marine Education at Ltooker@sbcglobal.net for permission-related or other editorial questions or comments regarding the journal; or visit us online at www.marine-ed.org.Front Cover: All Photos Courtesy of NOAA

Angela BlissGeorgia Association of Marine Education (GAME) email: acbliss@uga.edu

President 2011-2012

Diana Payne Connecticut Sea Grant University of Connecticut

Lyndsey ManzoGreat Lakes Educators of Aquatic and Marine Science (GLEAMS) email: manzol@wcsoh.org

President Elect 2011-2012

Craig Strang Lawrence Hall of Science University of California, Berkley

Carol SteingartGulf of Maine Marine Education Association (GOMMEA) email: carolsteingart@gmail.com

Past-President 2011-2012

Justine Glynn Gulf of Maine Research Institute

Treasurer 2011-2013

Don Hudson The Chewonki Foundation

Tami LunsfordMid-Atlantic Marine Educators Association (MAMEA) email: tami.lunsford@gmail.com

Secretary 2010-2012

Beth Jewell West Springfield High SchoolNMEA National Office:

Bill AndrakeMassachusetts Marine Educators (MME) email: billandrake@hotmail.com

Membership Secretary

William (Bill) HanshumakerNorthwest Aquatic and Marine Educators (NAME) email: bill.hanshumaker@oregonstate.edu

Sharon Walker Institute for Marine Mammal Studies

Administrative Assistant

Johnette Bosarge National Marine Educators Association

Clare NgNew Jersey Marine Educators Association (NJMEA) email: cng@mast.mcvsd.org

Current EditorLisa M. TookerNMEA BOARD OF DIRECTORS:

Meghan MarreroNew York State Marine Educators Association (NYSMEA) email: megconk@yahoo.com

Nora Deans, 2010-2013

North Pacific Research Board

Kristin Evans, 2011-2014

Birch Aquarium at Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Kanesa Duncan SeraphinOCEANIA email: kanesa@hawaii.edu

Susan Haynes, 2009-2012

NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration & Research

Trisha LeblancSouthern Association of Marine Educators (SAME) email: tleblanc@auduboninstitute.org

Michiko Martin, 2009-2012

NOAA Office of National Marine Sanctuaries

George Matsumoto, 2010-2013 Sylvia Spalding, 2011-2012 Pam Stryker, 2011-2014Barton Creek Elementary Mote Marine Laboratory One World One Ocean

Meika SamuelSouth Carolina Marine Educators Association (SCMEA) email: meika.samuel@scmuseum.org

Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute Western Pacific Reg. Fish. Mgt. Council

Lauren RaderSoutheastern New England Marine Educators (SENEME) email: lrader@oceanology.org

Jim Wharton, 2010-2013 Sarah Wilson, 2011-2014NMEA CHAPTER REPRESENTATIVES:

Judith CoatsSouthwest Marine Educators Association (SWMEA) email: jcoats@ucsd.edu

Martin A. Keeley

Becky J. CoxTennessee Educators of Aquatic and Marine Science (TEAMS) email: beckyc@utm.edu

Caribbean and Western Atlantic (CARIBWA) email: mangrove@candw.ky

E. Howard Rutherford

Marolyn SmithTexas Marine Educators Association (TMEA) email: marolynsmith@yahoo.com

Florida Marine Science Educators Association (FMSEA) email: hrutherford@pieraquarium.org

Volume 28 Number 1 2012

Current Log

Just over two years ago after the commissioning of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Ship Okeanos Explorer, an Okeanos Explorer Education Forum was held during which participants made recommendations for developing an education program based on the ships unique capabilities and assets. Participants discussed at length the importance of making the Okeanos Explorer come alive by capturing the enthusiasm of the ships officers, crew, and explorers as they live and work onboard the Nations first dedicated ship for ocean exploration. We present, in this issue of Current, a personal look into the lives of some of these people. They are, of course, not the only officers, crew, and explorers in the world and the instrumentation is not unique to the Okeanos Explorer, however, the combination of personnel and instrumentation on a single vessel dedicated to ocean exploration in this way is unique and is presented here as a case study for educators and students wanting to know more about the career paths traveled and daily work routines of those who dedicate their lives to understanding more about our little-known ocean world. Who knows? Perhaps one educator will tell a little different career story to one student as a result of reading an article in this issue, and together, they can make a differencejust like the differences that are being made by those represented in the stories told here. Paula Keener Director of Education Programs, Office of Ocean Exploration and Research National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The beauty, mystique, bounty, and vastness of the ocean have always inspired the hearts and minds of mankind. When the first explorers ventured forth on the ocean, Im sure they could not help but wonder What lies below? That wonder makes explorers of us all. Our Nation is bounded by two great oceans and by the Gulf of Mexico. These bodies of water have offered resources, protection, avenues of trade, recreation, and other important benefits. Indeed, the welfare of humankind depends on the health of Earths ocean system, and it increasingly depends on our stewardship. And yet, we know so little about the oceanmuch exploration remains. We need explorers, engineers, scientists, and technicians as we dive deeper and to new places to discover myriad wonders that await us. We also need those who will support and embrace the role of stewards of our ocean ecosystem and natural resources. The ocean will continue to inspire us. And teachers and educators will surely inspire the next generation of scientists, technicians, engineers, and mathematicians. Thank you for your dedication to teaching and nurturing the sense of wonder that will inspire the next generation of ocean explorers, just as my teachers did for me. Tim Arcano, Ph.D., P.E. Director, Office of Ocean Exploration and Research National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

ContentsArticles: 2 Ocean Exploration: Interdisciplinary Expeditions to Reveal an Unknown Ocean By Dr. Stephen H. Hammond NOAA Corps Officer, NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer By Nicola VerPlanck 20 The Anatomy of a Career in Submersible Vehicle Design By Dave Lovalvo 23 Knowing Enough to be Dangerous with Telepresence By Webb Pinner 26 Careers Managing Scientific Information Collected Aboard the NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer By Brendan Reser, Sharon Mesick, and Susan Gottfried 32 It Takes a Village: Bringing the NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer to Life for Educators and Students By Susan E. Haynes and Melissa Ryan 35 OceanAGE (Another Generation of Explorers): Career Feature on NOAAs Ocean Explorer Website By Laura Paris INTERVIEWS: 36 An OceanAGE (Another Generation of Explorers) Interview with Richard Conway, Chief Electronics Technician (CET), NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer 38 An OceanAGE (Another Generation of Explorers) Interview with Margret Collins, Engine Utilityman, NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer 41 An OceanAGE (Another Generation of Explorers) Interview with Brian Kennedy, NOAA Corps Officer, NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer STUDENT ACTIVITY: 43 Activity: