Cubism in Art

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history of the movement of Cubism in art, especially developments in France early twentieth century

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Cubismc.1907-c. 1914Stages of Cubism Analytic Cubism (190811) Synthetic Cubism (191224)Analytic Cubism: Objects are shown from many viewpoints at once so that solid forms are shattered. They become fractured, geometric shapes compressed into a sliver of space and flattened against the canvas. Space is treated as if it were a solid, tangible mass. Confusion is enhanced because colour is removed and everything is painted in browns and greys with a few fragmented black outlines. Addition of stenciled text towards the end of Analytic Cubism.Synthetic Cubism: Was developed c.1912 Colour was re-introduced with two technical innovations called papier coll and collage. Papier coll involves sticking coloured paper onto the canvas and was invented by Braque. Collage was subsequently developed by Picasso and involved including all kinds of material such as newspaper or fabric in the painting. Both techniques bridged the gap between art and life by sticking bits of the real world onto the canvas. They also drew attention to the fact that a painting it is a flat object and blurred the line between painting and sculpture. Cubist ArtistsMain Players Pablo Picasso Georges BraqueFollowers (after c.1910) Juan Gris Robert Delaunay Marcel Duchamp Le Fauconnier MetzingerInfluencesCzanne had a huge retrospective of his work in Paris, 1907 seen by Picasso.Braque already working in l'Estaqueregion.The Basics behind Cubism On the left and right are two different perspectives of the cube at the top. On the bottom is a combination of the two perspectives, producing a strange-looking geometric form. Pablo PicassoLes Demoiselles dAvignon, 1907George BraqueHouse at L'Estaque 1908 "M. Braque scorns form and reduces everything, sites, figures and houses, to geometric schemas and cubes.Louis Vauxcelles on the opening of the Salon dAutomne, 1908.Georges BraqueLandscape at La Ciotat [ Paysage La Ciotat], Summer 1907Pablo PicassoThree Women, 1907George BraqueLarge Nude, 1908Georges BraqueViaduct at L'Estaque[Paris, early 1908]Pablo PicassoThree Women, 1907-1908Georges BraqueFruit Dish [Paris, Winter] 1908-09Pablo PicassoSeated Woman (Seated Nude), 1909Georges BraqueRoche Guyon, 1909Pablo PicassoReservoir at HortaHorta de Ebro, Summer 1909Georges BraqueViolin and Palette, Autumn 1909 Pablo PicassoPortrait of David-Henry Kahnweiler, 1910Georges BraqueBottle and Fishes[L'Estaque, autumn 1910]Pablo PicassoThe Guitar Player, 1910Pablo PicassoPortrait of Wilhelm Uhde, 1910Pablo PicassoAmbroise Voilard, 1910Georges BraquePiano and Mandola (Piano et mandore), winter 190910 Georges BraqueLe Portugais, 1911Pablo PicassoMa Jolie, 1911Pablo PicassoAccordionist, 1911George BraqueLe Gueridon, 1911Albert GleizesPaysage, 1911Juan GrisJar, Bottle and Glass, 1911 Jean MetzingerAldeia, 1912Georges BraqueStill Life with a Violin, Autumn 1912Pablo PicassoStill Life with Chair-CaningParis, [May] 1912 Pablo PicassoStudent with Pipe, 1913Pablo PicassoViolin and Guitar, 1913Juan GrisLHomme au Caf, 1912Juan GrisGlass of Beer and Playing Cards1913Pablo PicassoPipe, Glass, Bottle of Vieux Marc, Spring 1914Juan GrisBreakfast, 1914 Georges BraqueWoman with Guitar, 1914Juan GrisStill-Life (Fantomas), 1915Juan GrisStill Life in Front of an Open Window: Place Ravignan, 1915Juan GrisGlasses and Newspaper, 1914Juan GrisMandolin, 1919 Lger and DelaunayA little distraction.Robert DelaunayEiffel Tower Series, 1910-11Fernand LgerThe Smokers,1911-1912Fernand LgerContrasting Forms,1913And Finally 1924 marks the end of the Cubist Epoch although Gris remained a Cubist until his death even though is health faded. Braques work was too personal for any category. Picasso moves into a more surreal phase through his Three Dancers painting.