Cubism, Dada, Surrealism. Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973) Self Portrait, 1906.

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Transcript of Cubism, Dada, Surrealism. Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973) Self Portrait, 1906.

  • Slide 1
  • Cubism, Dada, Surrealism
  • Slide 2
  • Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973) Self Portrait, 1906
  • Slide 3
  • Pablo Picasso, (left) Portrait of the Artist's Mother, 1896, pastel on paper, Museo Picasso, Barcelona, Spain; (right) First Communion, 1895/6. The artist was 14 to 15 years old
  • Slide 4
  • Picasso, La Vie, 1903, 65 x 42 Blue Period Symbolism (right) Paul Gauguin, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? 1897-98 Symbolism
  • Slide 5
  • Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Gertrude Stein, 1906 (Proto-Cubist)
  • Slide 6
  • Slide 7
  • Picasso, Les Demoiselles DAvignon, 1907, 8/78 (proto- Cubism, Primitivism, Expressionism)
  • Slide 8
  • Picasso, studies for Les Demoiselles DAvignon, 1906-7
  • Slide 9
  • Influence of African tribal sculpture
  • Slide 10
  • (left) Georges Braque (French, 1882-1963) in his Paris studio, early 1912 (right) Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973) in his Paris studio, late 1911 In spite of out very different temperaments, we were guided by a common idea....the differences didnt count.... We lived in Montmartre, we saw each other every day, we talked.... It was a little like being roped together on a mountain. Georges Braque on his friendship with Picasso and the formulation of Cubism, 1908-1914
  • Slide 11
  • (left) Pablo Picasso, Ma Jolie (Woman with a Guitar), 1911 (right) Georges Braque, The Portuguese (The Emigrant), 1911 Analytic Cubism
  • Slide 12
  • Georges Braque, Bottle, Newspaper, Pipe and Glass, 1913, charcoal and various papers pasted on paper, collage (papier coll), 17x 21
  • Slide 13
  • Picasso, Still life With Chair Caning, 1912, collage of oil, oilcloth, pasted paper on oval canvas surrounded by rope. Synthetic Cubism
  • Slide 14
  • Picasso, Maquette for Guitar, 1912, cardboard, string and wire (right) Grebo mask owned by Picasso
  • Slide 15
  • Dada rejects rational thought "Dada" arrived in almost all major Western cities between 1916 and 1922/3 5 main sites: Zurich, Paris, New York, Berlin, Cologne Revolted by the butchery of the 1914 World War, we in Zurich devoted ourselves to the arts. While the guns rumbled in the distance, we sang, painted, made collages and wrote poems with all our might. We were seeking an art based on fundamentals, to cure the madness of the age, and a new order of things that would restore the balance between heaven and hell. - Jean (Hans) Arp
  • Slide 16
  • Hugo Ball (German,1886 -1927) performing Dada phonetic poem "karawane" on stage at Cabaret Voltaire, Zurich 1916 "Art for us is an occasion for social criticism, and for a real understanding of the age we lived in"
  • Slide 17
  • Jean (Hans) Arp, Collage Arranged According to the Laws of Chance, 1916- 17, torn and pasted paper, 19 x 13 "Art is a fruit that grows in man, like a fruit on a plant, or a child in its mother's womb." - Jean Arp
  • Slide 18
  • Marcel Duchamp (French- American, 1887-1968) Nude Descending a Staircase, No.2, 1912, oil on canvas, 58 x 35 Futurist style painting
  • Slide 19
  • Marcel Duchamp. Bottle Rack, 1914/64, bottle rack made of galvanized iron Bicycle Wheel, 1913, Readymade: bicycle wheel, mounted on a stool First readymade Originals are lost
  • Slide 20
  • Marcel Duchamp (A.K.A. R. Mutt), Fountain, 1917, New York DADA Duchamp chose his objects on the basis of "visual indifference as well as a total absence of taste, good or bad."
  • Slide 21
  • Man Ray (born Emmanuel Radnitsky, American, 1890-1976) Gift, 1921 Duchampian "ready-made assisted" & Surrealist "uncanny" object
  • Slide 22
  • (left) Man Ray, rotique voile (1934-35) Meret Oppenheim behind printing press (right) Meret Oppenheim (German, 1913-1985), Object (Luncheon in Fur) 1936, fur covered cup, saucer, spoon, two views, Surrealism 1936 photo of Object by Dora Maar
  • Slide 23
  • Giorgio de Chirico, (Greek-Italian,1888-1978), The Melancholy and Mystery of a Street, 1914, oil on canvas, 34 x 28, Metaphysical School, precursor of Surrealism
  • Slide 24
  • Naturalist or Hand Painted Dream Surrealism Ren Magritte (Belgian, 1898-1967) The Treachery of Images, 1928-29, oil on canvas, 23 x 31, LACMA, Deconstruction
  • Slide 25
  • Ren Magritte, Les Valeurs personnelles (Personal Values), 1952, 31 x 39 oil on canvas, SFMOMA, Surrealism John Baldessari at 2007 exhibition he designed: Treachery of Images: Ren Magritte and Contemporary Art. LACMA
  • Slide 26
  • AUTOMATONS and mannequins: Dolls are made of wood, metal, papier- mch and dressed with wigs, clothing, etc. or not Hans Bellmer (Polish, 1902-75), La Poupe (Doll), 1935-49, hand colored gelatin silver print. (right) Bellmer, La Poupe, 1935-36: (center) La Poupe), 1934; gelatin silver prints. Surrealist photography The art object is the photograph, not the sculpture.
  • Slide 27
  • Luis Bunuel & Salvador Dali, frames from Un Chien Andalou (An Andalusian Dog), Surrealist film, France, 1928. Eyes, insects, metamorphosis, erotics, madness of the dream & subconscious
  • Slide 28
  • METAMOPHOSIS OF FORM Salvador Dali (Spanish, 1904-89) (left) interpreted photograph, Paranoic Face, 1931 from Le Surrealisme au Service de la Revolution, no.3. voluntary hallucination" = the "critical paranoic method" (right) Dali, Apparition of a face and a Fruit Dish, oil on canvas, 1930 I think the time is rapidly coming when it will be possibleto systematize confusion thanks to a paranoiac and active process of thought, and so assist in discrediting completely the world of reality. - Dali
  • Slide 29
  • Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, 1931 oil on canvas, 9 x 13, MoMA NYC The transcription of reveries. Hand-painted dream photographs. Dalis morphological aesthetics of the soft and hard and the search for form: un-form (Informe) Cape Creus, Catalonia
  • Slide 30
  • Pablo Picasso, Guernica, 1937, oil on canvas, 116 x 258, Madrid
  • Slide 31
  • BIOMORPHISM + POPULAR CULTURE Joan Mir (Spanish), Painting, 1933, oil on canvas, 58 x 65 MoMA, NYC (right) source collage of clippings from equipment catalogues
  • Slide 32
  • Frida Kahlo (Mexican) What the Water Yields Me, oil on canvas,1938 Imogen Cunningham, Frida Kahlo in San Francisco, 1931
  • Slide 33
  • Alberto Giacometti (Swiss), The Palace at 4 a.m., 1932-3, 2 views, construction in wood, glass, wire, and string, 25 x 28 x 16, MoMA NYC. Surrealist constructed sculpture 1932 sketch indicates pre-conception
  • Slide 34
  • THE END OF THE AGE OF EUROPE AND EMERGENCE OF NEW YORK SCHOOL (left) Hitler occupies Paris, 1940 Artists in the Artists in Exile show at the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, March, 1942. Left to right, first row: Matta, Ossip Zadkine, Yves Tanguy, Max Ernst, Marc Chagall, Fernand Lger; second row: Andr Breton, Piet Mondrian, Andr Masson, Amde Ozenfant, Jacques Lipchitz, Pavel Tchelitchew, Kurt Seligmann, Eugene Berman
  • Slide 35
  • The German occupation of France in World War II occurred between May 1940 and December 1944. German- occupied France is in red; so-called "Free zone" in blue (also occupied from November 1942). Regions of Alsace and Lorraine, annexed by the Third Reich, in deep red.
  • Slide 36
  • END OF THE AGE OF EUROPE AND EMERGENCE OF NEW YORK SCHOOL Max Ernst, Europe After the Rain, 1940-42, oil on canvas, 21 x 58, automatist technique of decalcomania, which involves pressing paint between two surfaces