CUBISM. Cubism(a name suggested by Henri Matisse) began between 1907 and 1911. Pablo Picasso's 1907...
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CubismCubismCubism(a name suggested by Henri Matisse) began between 1907 and 1911. Pablo Picasso's 1907 painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon has often been considered a proto-Cubist work. Georges Braque's 1908 Houses at LEstaque (and related works) prompted the critic Louis Vauxcelles to refer to bizarreries cubiques (cubic oddities). Gertrude Stein referred to landscapes made by Picasso in 1909, such as Reservoir at Horta de Ebro, as the first Cubist paintings. The first organized group exhibition by Cubists took place at the Salon des Indpendants in Paris during the spring of 1911 in a room called Salle 41; it included works by Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Fernand Lger, Robert Delaunay and Henri Le Fauconnier, yet no works by Picasso and Braque were exhibited.
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
Houses at LEstaque
Reservoir at Horta de EbroCubismBy 1911 Picasso was recognized as the inventor of Cubism, while Braques importance and precedence was argued later, with respect to his treatment of space, volume and mass in the LEstaque landscapes. But "this view of Cubism is associated with a distinctly restrictive definition of which artists are properly to be called Cubists," wrote the art historian Christopher Green: "Marginalizing the contribution of the artists who exhibited at the Salon des Indpendants in 1911.
Road Near LEstaqueCubismDuring the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Europeans were discovering African, Polynesian, Micronesian and Native American art. Artists such as Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse, and Pablo Picasso were intrigued and inspired by the stark power and simplicity of styles of those foreign cultures. Around 1906, Picasso met Matisse through Gertrude Stein, at a time when both artists had recently acquired an interest in primitivism, Iberian sculpture, African art and African tribal masks. They became friendly rivals and competed with each other throughout their careers, perhaps leading to Picasso entering a new period in his work by 1907, marked by the influence of Greek, Iberian and African art. Picasso's paintings of 1907 have been characterized as Protocubism, as notably seen in Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, the antecedent of Cubism.
Lydia Delectorskaya Henri Matisse
Te aa no areois Paul Gaugin
Head of a Woman Pablo PicassoPablo PicassoKey artists involved
Girl with MandolinAfficionadoThe Weeping WomanAccordionistGeorges BraqueKey artists involved
Studio with Skull
Violin and Pitcher
Vanitas IJean MetzingerKey artists involvedMan With PipeLe goterL'Oiseau bleuLa Femme au Cheval