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  • Cubism and Fauvism

    Group 3:

    Shashank Dixena 11675

    Chirag Gagrani 11225

    Pankaj Kanwariya 11484

    Subhajit Mohanty 11731

    Kushagra Singh 11383

    Devendra Swami 11245

    Rohan Bishnoi 11609

    Aneek Biswas 11088

  • Fauvism

    (1905-1908)

  • What is Fauvism?

    An art movement known for its vivid, non-

    naturalistic and exuberant paintings with

    bold color and large brushstrokes

    Overall goal was to express emotion

    through the color of paint

    Use of intense , bright, clashing colors,

    distorted forms and perspective, vigorous

    brushstrokes, flat linear pattern

  • Key features of Fauvism

    Violent &

    Emotional Imagery

    Distorted Lines

    Vibrant Colors

    Enhanced Forms

    Flattened

    Perspectives

    Expressive

    Brushwork

  • When and Where?

    Explosion of color lasting only 1905-08 in

    France

    First formally exhibited in Paris in 1905

    Fauvist painters got there name from the

    French word les Fauves meaning The

    Wild Beasts

    Henri Matisse is considered to be one of

    the founders of Fauvism

  • Importance of Fauvism

    The effect was considered to be a

    liberation movement and the artists began

    to experiment with radical new styles.

    Fauvism was the first movement of this

    modern period, in which color ruled

    supreme.

    Transitory movement between

    Impressionism and Expressionism

    It changed the way one can look at the

    world, and look at art

  • Importance of Fauvism

    Their style of painting, using non-

    naturalistic colors, was one of the first

    avant-garde developments in European art

    Abandoned conventional artistic ideas and

    sought for contemporary ones

    Hence, Fauvism proved to be an important

    precursor of Expressionism and an

    inspiration for other modes of Abstraction

  • Henri Matisse 1869-1954

    Leader of Fauvism Movement

    The leader of the group was Henri Matisse, who had arrived at the Fauve style after careful, critical study of the masters of Post-impressionism Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, and Georges Seurat. Matisse's methodical studies led him to reject traditional renderings of three-dimensional space and to seek instead a new picture space defined by movement of color. In Matisse's Fauve style, his painting is ruled by his intuitive sense of formal order.

    http://thenextreporter.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/Henri-Matisse_self-portrait1.jpg

  • Henri Matisse Fauvism Paintings

    Woman with a Hat Le bonheur de vivre Green Stripe

    1905 1906 1905

  • In his green stripe portrait of his wife, he has

    used color alone to describe the image. Her

    oval face is bisected with a slash of green and

    her coiffure, purpled and top-knotted, juts

    against a frame of three jostling colors. Her

    right side repeats the vividness of the intrusive

    green; on her left, the mauve and orange echo

    the colors of her dress. This is Matisse's

    version of the dress, his creative essay in

    harmony.

    Other Major Artists

  • Henri Matisse

    The Open

    Window(1905)

    Mlle Yvonne

    Landsberg(1914)

    Maurice de

    Vlaminck

    The Circus(1906) The River Seince at

    Chatou(1906)

  • Downfall of Fauvism to Expressionism By 1908 the Fauves begin to drift apart and go their separate ways

    Derain and Braque shifted towards Cubism

    Matisse transitioned from a Fauvist focus on color to that of balance and

    simplicity

    Order and structure of nature led to reject the turbulent emotionalism of

    Fauvism in favor of the logic of Expressionism

  • The very name

    Cubism came from

    this painting. When

    the critic Vauxcelles

    saw this painting he

    said the houses "look

    like a bunch of little

    cubes." He meant the

    comment to be

    insulting but the name

    Cubism stuck.

    Houses Near l'Estaque George

    Braque 1908

    Cubism

    (1907-1920s)

  • Reality of an object or figure does

    not stop at what we see of it at a

    single glance. It also comprises of

    those views and aspects which we

    do not actually see at one glance

    but which in our minds we know to

    exist

    Violin and Pitcher, Braque, 1910

    Everything in nature is based on

    sphere, cone and cylinder. One

    must first learn to paint according

    to these simple shapes.

    Cezanne

    Why Cubism

  • RKM

    Analysis of form

    Flat colour no illusion of 3D by

    using shading or tonal

    modelling

    Objects painted from different

    angles

    Complex interlocking shapes

    create feelings of tension &

    anxiety in viewer

    Vertical or diagonal plane lines

    disrupt the composition

    Details are edited out, instead

    simplify, select & modify from

    nature

    How did Cubism change the way we see the world?

  • Characteristics - Cubism

    Cubism

    Abstract

    Broken Mirror effect

    Rearranged

    Geometric

    Multiple views

    Simplified Shapes

  • Self Portrait-Picasso Harlequin

    Abstract : does not look like real life

    Simplified Shapes

  • Broken

    Mirror

    Effect

    Braque: Houses at La Estaque 1909 Ambroise Vollard by Braque

    Rearranged

    Acrobat Portrait of Marie-Thrse

  • Geometric

    Shapes

    Jacqueline with Crossed Hands Girl with a boat

    More than

    one view

    Marie-Therese Walter Nusch luard

  • Cezanne Cubism

    Reduction of natural forms to geometric shapes in landscapes Distortions for expressive purposes

    Representation of world in a less literal and more conceptual way

    Shifting and glittering ambiguous space

  • Analytical Cubism

    Analysis and reduction of forms into basic geometric forms Mostly landscapes, few figures (simple subjects)

    Noticeable lack of colors

    Earth tones

    Colors or tones with neutral associations

    Girl with Mandolin 1910 Portrait of Ambrose Vollard 1910

  • Facet Cubism

    Explosive breakup of forms Painting becomes more complicated

    Divided into multiplicity of tiny planes and reassembled by means

    of facets

    Use of straight lines than arcs and curves

  • Synthetic Cubism

    Vibrant colors Collage created wallpapers, fake chair caning, newspapers,

    playing cards, cigarette packs with or without patches of paint etc.

    Different materials than just canvas

    Referred to as blunt and straightforward

    Considered easy to read

    Au bon marche 1913 Three Musicians 1921

  • Cubist Sculpture

    Mostly dark colours

    Not very abstracted

    Mostly contorted or misshapen human or animal body

    The Baboon The Draped Woman Head of a Woman

  • Cubist Architechture

    Le Corbusier, Assembly

    building, Chandigarh, India Le Corbusier, Centre Le

    Corbusier (Heidi Weber Museum)

    in Zurich-Seefeld (Zrichhorn)