creative industries 1: 12 expressionism and cubism
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Creative Industries 1: Arts and Design Appreciation and Production.1
The History Behind The MovementExpressionism emerged as an 'avant-garde movement' in painting before the World War IThe movement primarily originated in Germany and AustriaExpressionism gained significance between 1905 and 1918 during a politically and culturally turbulent era of revelation of the profoundly problematic conditions of the turn-of-the-century Europe.
`African Art-`Fauves-wild brush works, strident colors, subject matter high degree of simplification`The French-Was a reaction and opposition to the French impressionism that solely focused on the visual appearance of the objects
It contrasted with impressionism, which wentt to capture the outward impression of an object or scene. And Expressionism did not attempt a realistic portrayal of the world.4
WHAT ITS MADE OF.Worked with arbitrary colors as well as jarring compositionsArbitrary colors: Colors selected and used without reference to those found in realityJarring compositions: To have a harshly unpleasant or perturbing effect on ones nerves, feelings, thoughts, etc.artist's response to the environment was so intense that it affected the form of the art. elements are distorted or exaggerated by subjective pressuresvivid and violent, with jarring images.
Expressionist imagery exploded into modern art from the subconscious. Its divers formal means and emotional effects range from anguish to exuberance. As the powerful, personal creations of modern individuals, these images have little in common except their inventive power and their reliance upon a distinctly private vision.
The stylistic premise of Expressionism was that the artist's response to the environment was so intense that it affected the form of the art. The elements are distorted or exaggerated by subjective pressures. As a reflection of the time aka the war, Expressionist painting tended to be vivid and violent, with jarring images.
Expressionist goal is to capture emotion from the audience by: Use of subjective interpretations of the world around themUse of powerful colors and dynamic compositions to help inflict emotion
The Drive behind the paintingsInner experience rather than solely realistic portrayal
Depict not the objective reality, but the subjective emotions and responses
`individual perspective, was also a reaction to positivism and other artistic movements such as naturalism and impressionism.`
Expressionist Goals: Strongly impose the artist's own sensibility to the worlds representation
"An Expressionist wishes, above all, to express himself... (an Expressionist rejects) immediate perception and builds on more complex psychic structures... Impressions and mental images that pass through mental peoples soul as through a filter which rids them of all substantial accretions to produce their clear essence [...and] are assimilated and condense into more general forms, into types, which he transcribes through simple short-hand formulae and symbols."
Edvard Munch He first studied engineering but his frequent illnesses interrupted his studiesLeft college to paint in my art I attempt to explain life and its meaning to myself.Lived a life of solitude Depressed- mother died at the age of five, sister died when he was fourteen
Was before the actual movement started but influenced many of the later groups of expressionists such as Die Bruecke Munch's clarity of expression was to have a great influence on many artists who would come to be known as "Expressionists".
Edvard Munch Put a lot of emotion into his works Used heavy emotional colors and thick brush strokesArt was a way for him to release himself Focused on sickness, anxiety, pain, and love
The Scream 1893- Edvard Munch Aspects- Strong colorsHeavy use of lineShows how artist saw scene, not how it actually was Subject is distorted and exaggerated Emotional feelings of the anxiety of the modern man
Possibly the first expressionist paintingVery different of the paintings of the time because it does not show reality (impressionists)Most of Munchs family died and this shows how people referred to him as a tortured soulThe scream is his own inner hellOne evening I was walking along a path, the city on one side of me and the fjord below. I felt tired and ill. I stopped and looked out across the fjord. The sun was setting, the clouds were turning blood red. I felt a scream passing through nature. It seemed to me that I could hear the scream. I painted this picture; painted the clouds as real blood. The colors screamed Visualizes desperate aspects, anxiety, and apocalypsePictures shows how Munch was feeling insane due to how he was screamingHe then portrayed that he has a feeling of being left out or left behind by the rest of the world by having the couple walking away from himthe study of the soul, that is to say the study of my own self11
Expressionism influences filmAsymmetrical camera anglesHarsh contrasts between dark and lightShadows and silhouettes were important featureDistortion was commonly used
These films were united by highly stylized visuals, strange asymmetrical camera angles, atmospheric lighting and harsh contrasts between dark and light. Shadows and silhouettes were an important feature of expressionismThe story lines of German expressionist films matched the visuals in terms of darkness and disillusionment. Horror films were influenced by expressionism a tonDistortion is also commonly used in both expressionism and later horror films, employed through make-up, camera angles, costumes and strange backdrops.overtly theatrical (anti-naturalist) acting style (actors move in jerky, slow, sinuous patterns) and heavy make-uplittle camera movementExpressionist elements (particularly sinister plots, horrific events, and chiaroscuro lighting, are found in German cinema throughout the 1920s and into the 1930stotally artificial, stylized sets (paintings come to life), stripped of all realistic details and psychologysets that becomesymbolic diagrams of emotional statesPopular expressionism films were: The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, Nosferatu (top picture), The Night of the Hunter, and the Killers.
Expressionism in architecture The form can represent the physical manifestation of a transpersonal or mystic spirit.Displayed an aggressive articulation of partsEvoke or express the inner sensitivities and feelings of the viewer or architect.
Einstein Tower in Potsdam Germany
Expressionist architecture describes a type of architecture which uses the form of a building as a means to evoke or express the inner sensitivities and feelings of the viewer or architect. This tendency can be coupled with the notion that the form can represent the physical manifestation of a transpersonal or mystic spirit.felt the parts of a building had to be like 'individuals in a democracy' who contribute to the whole while retaining their own identities
1 Air Force Academy Chapel located in Colorado Springs, CO 19622 Guggenheim Museum Bilbao located in Bilbao Spain 19973 Dipoli Conference Center located in Otaniemi, Finland 196614
CubismThe two founders of cubism are Pablo Picasso and George Braque.Influence of cubism is Paul Cezanne.Cubists fractured the laws of perspective, breaking p space into jagged planes without a sense of logic.
Pablo PicassoBlue period - Pink period (1901-1904)(1904-1906)The guitaristLe demoiselle de Avignon
Vincente ManansalaCesar LegaspiSunkga, 1967 The brave modern