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B.2. DESIGN GUIDELINES Adler, David. Metric Handbook Planning and Design Data. 2 nd ed 1.SEATING DESIGN OF SEAT- THE AIM IS TO PROVIDE THE APROPRIATE STANDARD OF COMFORT
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Guidelines in Designing Convention Center

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B.2. DESIGN GUIDELINESAdler, David. Metric Handbook Planning and Design Data. 2nd ed1.SEATING DESIGN OF SEAT- THE AIM IS TO PROVIDE THE APROPRIATE STANDARD OF COMFORT

ROW TO ROW SPACING

MINIMUM CLEARWAY - 300 MMCONTINENTAL SEATING MIN. CLEARWAY- 400 MM, NOT MORE THAN 500 MMROW TO ROW DIMENSION 750 MM, TRADITIONAL 850 MM

NUMBER OF SEATS IN A ROW 22 (IF THERE ARE GANGWAYS AT BOTH END)2. SIGHTLINESFor every member of the audience to have an uninterrupted viewof the platform or stage over the heads in front and clear ofoverhangs the section and plan of the auditorium need to conformto certain limitations set by vertical and horizontal sightlines.

3. WHEELCHAIR LOCATION

4. CROSS GANGWAYS

With cross-gangways the line of the auditorium rake must continue so that the audience can see the performance area above the gangway as below. With stepped rows there requires a handrail to the upper side of the gangway and, if a steep rake, a handrail to the lower side.

Exit routesThe route must be a consistent width the same as the exit. Theremust be no bottlenecks and all doors within the route must open in the direction of escape. Routes within the building should have fire-resistant enclosures. There are special requirements for alldoors opening onto fire escape routes.

StairsStaircase flights should have at least two risers and not more than 16. All treads should be 275 mm and risers 180 mm.

RampsWheelchair users should be provided with flat or ramped escaperoutes which may be separate from other routes. Ramps should notbe longer than 4.5 m or steeper than 8.5%.

5. CEILING ZONE

Acoustics: profiled reflector panels and possible adjustablediffusers. For non-amplified music, reflectors also over concertplatform

Lighting: bridges for access and support for auditorium lighting,working lights and emergency lighting as well as performancelighting

Ventilation: air ducts and plenums, diffusers, noise attenuationand monitoring equipment, supporting hangers and means ofaccess for servicing

Production requirements: for operas, dance musicals and drama,a grid and pulley suspension for suspending scenery over forestage,including access by technicians

Fire control: detection system in voids and fire dampers in ductsAnd

Structure: support for roof, ducts, lighting bridges, etc.6. STAGE

Proscenium stage without flytower

For the smaller auditorium without a flytower, suspension of scenery, curtains, pelmets, borders and lighting barrels above the stage, 20.43, is necessary. Lines can be fitted to pulleys hung on a grid, with flying from a side gallery above the stage, or from the stage level. Side stages are required for stacking spaces for flats,properties and rostra, as well as circulation routes within the stage.

Quick changeSeparate rooms immediately off the stage, each with two make-uppositions and hanging rails.

Properties roomThis is a store room, opening directly off a side stage for properties for use during a performance. It requires a sink with hot and cold running water.

Scene dockAt the same level as the stage for storage of scenery.

Loading bayFor the delivery of scenery and properties into the scene dock.Allow for more than one pantechnicon to reverse.

SceneryA repair and maintenance area at the side of the stage to maintain scenery and properties in use on the stage.

Piano storeFor a grand piano when not in use. A separate room kept at a temperature similar to stage conditions; minimum area 4.5 m 3.5 m.

Lighting equipmentRequires direct access off the side stage for chandeliers, handproperties, etc.

Sound equipmentStorage and maintenance space for such items as microphones,speakers, stands and so on.

Stage managerLocated stage left (facing the audience). Control equipment includes public address, safety curtain and/or drencher release, flytower vent release, and communication with lighting and sound technicians, fly gallery, conductor, etc. as well as cueing performers.

7. Spaces associated with the audience area

Lighting control roomA room centrally at the rear of the auditorium fully enclosed and sound-proofed with an observation window and space for thelighting control console and for the operator who needs to sit by the console and view the performance through the observation window which has an unrestricted view of the stage, 20.60. There should also be space for an assistant, a worktop for plans and scripts. Aminimum size would be 3 m wide 4.5 m deep and 4.4 m high.

Dimmer roomsSpace is required for the dimmer racks which are the direct means of control for all of the stage lighting instruments. The racks als ocontain the individual fusing for each stage lighting circuit. Mains cabling runs from the dimmer room to all outlets of the stage lighting installation, and also to the house lights, but the connection between the dimmer racks and the lighting control itself is not a mains voltage line.The dimmer room should be placed so that quick access may beachieved either from the lighting control position or from the stage area.

Sound control roomAn open enclosure in a representative position within theauditorium. The operator requires an interrupted view of theperformance area as well as being able to hear the performance.The room contains a control desk, equipment racks, monitorloudspeakers and worktop for scripts. The minimum size is 3 mwide, 4.4 m deep and 4.4 m high.

Auditorium sound-mixing positionFor the mixing of amplified sound from the stage by an operatorwho requires to hear the same sound as the audience. The arearequires to be flat, set within the seating area: minimum area of 2m 2 m, with mixer pad sound control desk and protective barrier.

TV, radio and recording control roomThis is a separate soundproof control room, with observationwindow and clear view of the stage. It will accommodateannouncers, and staff for balancing and directing transmissions and recording. A minimum area of 2 m 2 m, but should be larger.

Observation roomThose associated with production may need to check activities onthe stage from a room at the rear of the auditorium, with a clear view of the stage through an observation window, minimum area, 2 m 2 m

8. Spaces for actors, singers and dancers

Dressing roomsArrangements are illustrated in 20.61 to 20.69, covering singleshared and communal occupancy rooms.

Green room with kitchen and servery: 3.4m2 per occupant.Laundry for repair and maintenance of costumes, 20m2minimum.

Costume store, including skips and rails

Costume delivery.Specialist make-up room: 10 m2 minimum per person.

Pre-pelformance practice room(s) (singers): 15 m2 minimum.

Pre-performance dance studio (dancers): 1000 m2 minimum.

Physiotherapy room (dancers): 15 m2 minimum.

Wig store and hairdressers room: 510m4.Waiting area for visitors and dressers.

Offices: childrens supervisor, company manager, touring manager, etc. 10m2 minimum per office.

Toilets.

Performers assembly areas: at points of entry to stage.

9. PLATFORM

B.1. LAWS GOVERING THE DESIGN OF CONVENTION CENTER

PD. 1096 Natl Building Code of the Phils.

USE: I1

PARKING SLOT

1 CAR SLOT, 1 JEEPNEY/SHUTTLE SLOT FOR EVERY 50 SQ.M. OF SPECTATOR AREA

1 BUS PARKING SLOT FOR EVERY 200 SPECTATORS

UNIT AREA/OCCUPANT 0.65

2 EXITS PER 50 OCCUPANT

BUILDING HT LIMIT 15 METERS

STAGE EXITS ATLEAST ONE EXIT NOT LESS THAN 900MM WIDE

EXIT STAIR NOT LESS THAN 750 MM

EXIT DISTANCE 45M

AISLES SHALL BE LOCATED THAT THERE WILL NOT BE MORE THAN 7 SEATS BETWEENT THE WALL AND AN AISLE AND NOT MORE THAN 14 SEATS BETWEEN AISLEA.

AISLETHE NUMBER OF SEATS BETWEEN AISLE MAYBE INCREASED TO 30 WHERE EXIT DOORS ARE PROVIDED ALONG EACH SIDE AISLE OF THE ROW OF SEATS AT THE RATE OF 1 PAIR OF EXIT DOORS FOR EVERY 5 ROWS OF SEAT, PROVIDED THAT THE DISTANCE BET. SEATS BACK TO BACK IS AT LEAST 1 M. SUCH EXIT DOORS SHALL PROVIDE A MIN. CLEAR WIDTH OF 1.70 M.

EVERY AISLE 800 MM IF SERVING ONE SIDENOT LESS THAN 1 METER WIDE IF SERVING BOTH SIDES.

ROW SPACING MIN FROM BACK TO BACK 600MMTHERE SHALL BE A SPACE OF NOT LESS THAN 300 MM BET. THE BACK OF EACH SEAT AND THE FRONT OF THE SEAT IMMEDIATELY BEHIND IT.

SEATING CAP- 450MM- 480MM