CONCEPT OF ILLNESS

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CONCEPT OF ILLNESS

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  • 1. CONCEPT OF ILLNESS DR. MAHESWARI JAIKUMAR. maheswarijaikumar2103@gmail.com
  • 2. ILLNESS Illness is a condition characterized by a deviation from a normal health state which is manifested by physical & psychological symptoms. Kozier.
  • 3. Illness is a state in which a persons physical, intellectual, emotional, social or spiritual functioning is diminished or impaired in comparison with the previous experience. Potter & Perry.
  • 4. VARIABLES AFFECTING ILLNESS BEHAVIOUR 1. Internal Variables. 2. External Variables.
  • 5. INTERNAL VARIABLES 1. Perception of symptoms. 2. Nature of illness. 3. Characteristics of person.
  • 6. 1. Perception of symptoms It is the way of perceiving the symptoms of illness that influence illness
  • 7. If a person takes the symptoms not too seriously & takes adequate treatment, recovery will be quick, but if a person takes it very seriously , it may become life threatening or fatal for the person.
  • 8. Nature of illness Nature of illness also affects illness behaviour. As in the case of an acute illness when the person is taking treatment that will be
  • 9. Characteristics of a person How a person responds to illness depends upon the adjusting, coping abilities. He may become well adjusted to illness or may get mentally disturbed.
  • 10. EXTERNAL VARIABLES 1.Visibility of symptoms. 2.Social group. 3.Culture & values. 4.Economic variable. 5.Accesibility of health care system.
  • 11. 1.VISIBILITY OF SYMPTOMS The visibility of symptoms affects body image as well as behaviour. The clients with visible symptoms are more likely to seek more assistance than clients without symptoms.
  • 12. E.g. A person with lip ulcer will seek medical help sooner than a person with sore throat because the lip sore has changed the physical look.
  • 13. SOCIAL GROUP
  • 14. 2.SOCIAL GROUP Social group may assist the client in recognizing the threat of illness or support the denial of potential illness. The clients responds positively to social support.
  • 15. CULTURAL VARIABLES
  • 16. 3.CULTURE & VALUES The culture & values teach the client how to remain healthy & also how to recognize the illness.
  • 17. ECONOMIC VARIABLES
  • 18. 4.ECONOMIC VARIABLE The economic constraints may delay the treatment or may allow the client to carry out daily activities. Studies have shown that persons of low economic status have chronic illness.
  • 19. 5.ACCESIBILITY OF HEALTH SERVICES. The proximity of health services has great influence on individuals in utilizing the same.
  • 20. STAGES OF ILLNESS BEHAVIOUR
  • 21. The experience of illness of complex. The person generally passes through five stages of illness behaviour. This pattern involves how a person seeks, finds & completes the health care.
  • 22. 1.Stage I : Symptom experience. 2.Stage II : Assumption of sick role. 3.Stage III : Medical care contact. 4.Stage IV : Dependent client care. 5.Stage V : Recovery & rehabilitation.
  • 23. STAGE I SYMPTOM EXPERIENCE In the first stage, person feels that something is wrong but he is not able to diagnose the problem.
  • 24. Perception of symptoms includes awareness of physical change like pain, rashes, lump. At the end of this stage , he is able to make the decision that it is a symptom of an illness.
  • 25. STAGE II ASSUMPTION OF SICK ROLE If the symptoms persist, then the client will assume sick role & seek confirmation from family & others that they are indeed sick. Then he gets excuse from normal duties & role expectations.
  • 26. Assumption of sick role results in emotional changes such as withdrawal, depression, physical changes. The person may deny & delay the contact with health care system.
  • 27. STAGE III MEDICAL CARE CONTACT At this stage, the client acknowledges the illness & seeks explanation of causes, duration of illness & its complications. Health professional may determine whether the client is ill or not.
  • 28. After knowing about illness some client seek medical treatment , but sometimes, they start denying the symptoms.
  • 29. STAGE IV DEPENDENT STAGE After accepting the diagnosis, client becomes dependent upon health care professionals to get treatment.
  • 30. Here, the client accepts the care, sympathy, protection from the demands & stress of life.
  • 31. STAGE V RECOVERY & REHABILITATION This is the stage when the symptoms of illness get subsiding. The person starts regaining original health status.
  • 32. In case of chronic illness, final stage involves an adjustment to a prolonged reduction in health & functioning.
  • 33. EMOTIONAL RESPONSE TO ILLNESS
  • 34. An emotion is a bodily state which involves feelings that may be consciously or unconsciously motivated.
  • 35.