Computer Careers

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General Information about careers working with computers and technology

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  • 1. Careers in theComputer IndustryChloe FosterNET 101November 6, 2013

2. THE COMPUTER INDUSTRYWith billions of dollars in annual revenue, thecomputer industry is one of the largerworldwide industries. This industry hascreated thousands of high-tech jobs, even incompanies whose primary business is notcomputer related. Job opportunities in thecomputer industry generally are available inone or more of these areas: General business and governmentorganizations and their IT departments Computer equipment field Computer software field Computer service and repair field(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 786) 3. CERTIFICATIONSCertification is the process of verifying the technicalknowledge of an individual who has demonstratedcompetence in a particular area. Companies oftenrequire certification to ensure quality and workmanshipstandards and to confirm their workforce remains up todate withrespect to computers and technology.Computing professionals typically obtain a certificationby taking and passing an examination. Preparation for acertification exam requires experience or special classes,many of which are offered by trade schools, communitycolleges, and adult education centers. After certificationrequirements are met, proficiency in an area isacknowledged with a certificate.Many vendors, such as Microsoft and Cisco, offertechnical certification programs for their Products inareas such as network administration, hardware repair,security.(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 800-801) 4. CERTIFICATION BENEFITSCareer: A certification is one of the firstaccomplishments an employer notices on aresume. It provides a benchmark, or a means, tomeasure a persons skills. It can set an individualapart from other potential candidates who maybe vying for a similar advancement or position.Professional: Certification is a personalachievement that adds credibility among peersand employers. Certification also authorizesthe certificate holder to use the productsofficial logo or symbol on personal items,such as business cards and Web pages. As anadditional bonus, some certification trainingcan be used for college credit. Althoughnothing guarantees job security, certificationhelps give the IT professional an edge overemployees without certification.Salary: Numerous salary surveys show thatcertification helps influence pay increases.Individuals with more than one area of certificationcan command even higher salaries.Companies often pay(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 800-801) 5. PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONSProfessional Organizations and PersonalNetworks Computer professionals with commoninterests and a desire to extend their proficiencyform computer-related professional organizations toshare their knowledge. Two organizations that areinfluential in the computer industryare the Association for Computing Machineryand the Association of Information TechnologyProfessionals.Attending professional meetings as a guest orstudent member provides an excellent opportunityfor students to learn about the IT industry and tomeet and talk with professionals in the field. Often,student chapters of professional organizations existon college campuses. The student chapters providestudents with the opportunity to develop leadershipskills and to become acquainted with professionalswho speak at their chapter meetings.(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 797) 6. General Business & Government IT DepartmentsBusinesses and governmentorganizations of all sizes usecomputers. Without computers, veryfew organizations could operate intodays economy. Employees of alltypes, from office workers to shopforemen, use business software suchas word processing to prepare basicdocuments.(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 786) 7. SELECTED IT DEPARTMENT JOBS(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 787)Managementdirects the planning, research,development, evaluation, andintegration of technology.Required CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, orMasters in Computer Scienceor Similar Degree Field andVendor CertificationsTechnical Servicesevaluates/integrates newtechnologies, administersorganizations data resources,and supports the centralizedcomputer operating systemRequired CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, orMasters in Computer Science orSimilar Degree Field and VendorCertificationsTrainingteaches employees how to usecomponents of the informationsystem or answers user questions.Required CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, or Mastersin Computer Science or SimilarDegree Field and VendorCertificationsSecuritydevelops and enforces policies thatare designed to safeguard anorganizations data and informationfrom unauthorized users.Required CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, orMasters in Computer Science orSimilar Degree Field and VendorCertifications 8. Computer Equipment FieldThe computer equipment field consists ofmanufacturers and distributors ofcomputers and computer-related hardwaresuch as magnetic and optical drives,monitors, printers, and communicationsand networking devices. In addition to thecompanies that make end-user equipment,thousands of companies manufacturecomponents used inside a computer suchas chips, motherboards, cables, and powersupplies.(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 790) 9. SELECTED COMPUTER EQUIPMENT JOBS(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 787)AssemblyCreates items for computerssuch as motherboards andother hardware.Required CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, orMasters in Computer Scienceor Similar Degree Field andVendor CertificationsPackagingGathers assembled materials forshipping to customers and storesRequired CredentialsHigh School, Associates,Bachelors, or Masters inComputer Science or SimilarDegree Field and VendorCertificationsDistributionEnsures that ordered products aredelivered to the desired location.Required CredentialsHigh School, licenses, otherpertinent experiences, andVendor CertificationsIT DepartmentOversees any technical issues withthe computers used to manufactureand distribute equipment.Required CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, or Masters inComputer Science or SimilarDegree Field and VendorCertifications 10. Computer Software FieldThe computer software field consistsof companies that develop,manufacture, and support a widerange of software. Some softwarecompanies specialize in a particulartype of software such as businesssoftware or utility programs. Othersoftware companies, especiallylarger firms such as Microsoft,produce and sell many types ofsoftware.(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 790) 11. SELECTED COMPUTER SOFTWARE JOBS(Shelly & Vermaat, 2005, pp. 790)Project Managerdirects and oversees theplanning, research, anddevelopment of new softwareRequired CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, orMasters in Computer Scienceor Similar Degree Field andVendor CertificationsProgrammerwrites and tests computerPrograms by themselves or witha team of programmers.Required CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, orMasters in Computer Science orSimilar Degree Field and VendorCertificationsTechnical Leadguides the design, development,and maintenance tasksand serve as interface betweenprogrammer/ developer andmanagement.Required CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, or Mastersin Computer Science or SimilarDegree Field and VendorCertificationsComputer ScientistInvents and developsinnovative solutions to complexsoftware requirements or problems.Required CredentialsAssociates, Bachelors, or Masters inComputer Science or SimilarDegree Field and VendorCertifications 12. REFERENCESShelly, G. & Vermaat, E. (2011). Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World.Boston, Massachusetts: Course Technology