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  • Taverner Research, Level 2, 88 Foveaux St, Surry Hills, NSW, 2010, Australia

    t +61 2 9212 2900 f +61 2 9212 3920 www.taverner.com.au

    CONFIDENTIAL/DISCLAIMER NOTICE

    The information contained herein is confidential and has been supplied under a confidentiality agreement. If you

    are not authorised to view or be in possession of this document you are hereby notified that any dissemination,

    distribution or duplication of this document is expressly prohibited. If you receive this document in error, please

    notify Taverner Research immediately on +61 2 9212 2900.

    Research Report:

    Combined Pedestrian and

    Bicycle Crossing Light Trial

    Roads & Maritime Services (RMS)

    November 2017

    Project Reference: 5286

    RMS Contact: Lyndall Johnson

    Taverner Contact: Connie Jansen

  • Combined Pedestrian and Bicycle Crossing Light Trial – Ref; 5289

    Taverner Research, Level 2, 88 Foveaux St, Surry Hills, NSW, 2010, Australia t +61 2 9212 2900 f +61 2 9212 3920 www.taverner.com.au

    5286 Crossing Light Report_V04_Final Page 3 of 30

    Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary ................................................................................ 5

    2. Project Background ............................................................................... 7

    3. Methodology ........................................................................................... 9

    4. Findings ................................................................................................... 13

    Symbol Recognition ........................................................................................ 13

    Knowledge of Meaning .................................................................................. 20

    5. Conclusions & Recommendations .................................................... 23

    6. Appendix - Questionnaire ................................................................... 24

    7. Appendix - Locations ........................................................................... 26

  • Combined Pedestrian and Bicycle Crossing Light Trial – Ref; 5289

    Taverner Research, Level 2, 88 Foveaux St, Surry Hills, NSW, 2010, Australia t +61 2 9212 2900 f +61 2 9212 3920 www.taverner.com.au

    5286 Crossing Light Report_V04_Final Page 4 of 30

    Table of Figures Figure 1: Pre Treatment Crossing Light ............................................................. 7

    Figure 2: Post Treatment Crossing Light ............................................................ 7

    Figure 3: Survey Sample by Location ............................................................. 10

    Figure 4: Demographic Breakdown of Survey Sample ............................... 11

    Figure 5: Refusal Rate ........................................................................................ 11

    Figure 6: Symbol Recognition .......................................................................... 13

    Figure 7: Symbol Recognition by Location ................................................... 14

    Figure 8: Symbol Recognition by Location & Lantern Type ....................... 15

    Figure 8: Symbol Recognition by Location & Lantern Type ....................... 16

    Figure 9: Symbol Recognition by Lantern Type (Post Treatment Only) ... 17

    Figure 10: Symbol Recognition by Demographic ........................................ 18

    Figure 11: Symbol Recognition ........................................................................ 19

    Figure 12: Knowledge of Meaning of Green Light ...................................... 20

    Figure 13: Knowledge of Meaning of Green Light by Respondent Type 21

    Figure 14: Knowledge of Meaning of Green Light by Gender & Age..... 22

  • Combined Pedestrian and Bicycle Crossing Light Trial – Ref; 5289

    Taverner Research, Level 2, 88 Foveaux St, Surry Hills, NSW, 2010, Australia t +61 2 9212 2900 f +61 2 9212 3920 www.taverner.com.au

    5286 Crossing Light Report_V04_Final Page 5 of 30

    1. Executive Summary Taverner Research was commissioned by Roads and Maritime Services

    to undertake pre and post treatment intercept interviews as part of a

    combined Pedestrian and Bicycle Crossing Light Trial. The aim of the trial

    is to test pedestrian and bicycle rider reactions to combined pedestrian

    and bicycle lanterns to determine if the symbols can be adequately

    seen and what they understand the lanterns to mean.

    A total of 2,242 interviews were conducted including:

    � 844 pre treatment interviews at three (3) locations with side by

    side pedestrian/bicycle crossing lights

    � 1,387 post treatment interviews at nine (9) locations (including

    the pre treatment locations) with combined pedestrian/bicycle

    crossing lights

    Respondents were asked two main questions regarding the crossing

    light which related to symbol recognition and the meaning of the lights

    turning green. The main findings of this research are as follows:

    Symbol Recognition

    � The majority of respondents were able to identify both a

    pedestrian and a bicycle in both the pre (98%) and post (90%)

    treatment signals. However significantly fewer post treatment

    respondents identified both symbols, with 5% saying they could

    not make out the symbols.

    � Symbol recognition was consistent at the three (3) pre treatment

    locations ranging from 97% to 99% of respondents identifying

    both the pedestrian and bicycle. However correct symbol

    identification at post treatment locations varied significantly

    from 77% at Broadway, Chippendale to 98% at Flinders & Albion,

    Surry Hills.

    � A possible explanation for the variation in symbol recognition at

    post treatment locations is that three different types of lanterns,

    were installed at three intersections each. The symbol

    recognition for each lantern type was as follows:

    o A - 84% to 95%

    o B - 91% to 98%

    o C - 77% to 82%

    � There was not a clear relationship between distance from the

    crossing light and symbol recognition with the locations with

    highest and lowest level of recognition both being 25 metres or

    more.

  • Combined Pedestrian and Bicycle Crossing Light Trial – Ref; 5289

    Taverner Research, Level 2, 88 Foveaux St, Surry Hills, NSW, 2010, Australia t +61 2 9212 2900 f +61 2 9212 3920 www.taverner.com.au

    5286 Crossing Light Report_V04_Final Page 6 of 30

    � The ability to identify the symbols in the pre treatment survey was

    consistent across gender, age and respondent type. However,

    only 75% of respondents age 65 and over were able to correctly

    identify the symbols in the post treatment survey compared to

    88% to 92% of other age groups.

    � 94% of respondents who were not able to identify the symbols in

    the post treatment lights were able to correctly do so when

    shown a picture of the pre treatment crossing light.

    Knowledge of Meaning

    � 43% of all respondents knew bicyclists could ride across the

    street when the light turned green. 33% of all respondents

    thought bicyclists must walk across the street.

    � Significantly more post treatment respondents (12%) were unsure

    what the green light meant compared to pre treatment

    respondents (6%).

    � 74% of bicyclists either definitely knew or thought they knew that

    they could ride across the street with a bicycle crossing light

    compared to 47% of pedestrians.

    Conclusions & Recommendations

    � Significantly fewer post treatment respondents identified both

    symbols compared to pre treatment respondents. However, the

    type of post treatment lantern that was installed had a

    significant impact on the ability to identify the symbols. A review

    of the quality and performance standards imposed on

    manufacturers is therefore recommended.

    � There is a lack of understanding of the meaning of the bicycle

    crossing light, specifically that bicyclists can ride across the street

    when the light is green. This indicates that both pedestrians and

    bicyclists require more education on the use and rules of shared

    paths and bicycle crossings.

  • Combined Pedestrian and Bicycle Crossing Light Trial – Ref; 5289

    Taverner Research, Level 2, 88 Foveaux St, Surry Hills, NSW, 2010, Australia t +61 2 9212 2900 f +61 2 9212 3920 www.taverner.com.au

    5286 Crossing Light Report_V04_Final Page 7 of 30

    2. Project Background Regulations require that where shared paths are installed at traffic

    signals, bicycle crossing lights must be installed to permit bicycle riders

    to ride across the marked foot crossing. Current practice for bicycle

    crossing lights is to mount the bicycle signal beside the pedestrian

    crossing lights (Figure 1).

    Figure 1: Pre Treatment Crossing Light

    However, depending on the site this configuration can be cost-

    prohibitive for some councils. As an alternative, RMS Network

    Operations proposed a trial of combined pedestrian and bicycle l