COMBINATORIAL WORLD

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Transcript of COMBINATORIAL WORLD
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The 3th Conference on Combinatorics and Graph theory of China
July 1923, Shanghai, P.R.China
Labeled Graphs with Combinatorial Manifolds
Linfan Mao
(Chinese Academy of Mathematics and System Science, Beijing 100080)
ShanghaiJuly 2008
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ABSTRACT
In this speech, I will prescribe limitation on following topics and
mainly concentrate on myself works for combinatorially differential
geometry, particularly, the combinatorial counterpart in recent years.
● motivation.
● what is a combinatorial manifold?
● topological characteristics on combinatorial manifolds withlabeled graphs.
● differential characteristics on combinatorial manifolds, thesedifferentially combinatorial manifolds.
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1. Motivation
●A view of the sky by eyes of a man on the earth
Question: where do we come from? where will we go?
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● TAO TEH KING（道德经） said:
道生一, 一生二, 二生三, 三生万物。万物负阴而抱阳，冲气以为和。
The Tao gives birth to One. One gives birth to Two. Two
gives birth to Three. Three gives birth to all things. All things
have their backs to the female and stand facing the male.
When male and female combine, all things achieve harmony.人法地，地法天，天法道，道法自然。
Man follows the earth. Earth follows the universe. The
universe follows the Tao. The Tao follows only itself.
What is these sentences meaning? All things that we can
acknowledge is determined by our eyes, or ears, or nose, or
tongue, or body or passions, i.e., these six organs.
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• What are these words meaning?
Here, the theoretically deduced is done by logic, particularly,
by mathematical deduction.
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●Researchs on the unknown world by experiment on CMB
CMBtimeline WMAP 2003
Peoples wined the Noble Prize for research on CMB:
A.Penzias and R.Wilson , in physics in 1978
G.F.Smoot and J.C.Mather, in physics in 2006
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What is the structure of the world?
Experiment Scientists Combinatorial Scientists
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A depiction of a person with the world by combinatoricians
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What is a combinatorial manifold?
Loosely speaking, a combinatorial manifold is a combination of
finite manifolds, such as those shown in the next figure.
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2. Combinatorial Manifolds
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vertexedge labeled graphs of combinatorial manifolds
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fundamental dgroups
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Choose a graph with vertex set being manifolds labeled by its
dimension and two manifold adjacent with a label of the dimension
of the intersection if there is a dpath in this combinatorial manifold.
Such graph is denoted by Gd . d=1 in (a) and (b), d=2 in (c) and (d)
in the next figure.
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3. Differential Structures on Combinatorial Manifolds
What is a differentiable manifold?
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A explain for condition (2).
An nmanifold is smooth if it is endowed with a C∞differential
structure.
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What is a differentiable combinatorial manifold?
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Local properties of combinatorial manifolds
● Tangent vector spaces
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● tensor fields
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● curvature tensor
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Einstein’s gravitational equations in multispacetimes
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Global properties of combinatorial manifolds
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● A generalization of Stokes theorem
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4. Further Reading of My Works
[1] Automorphism Groups of Maps, Surfaces and Smarandache Geometries,
American Research Press, 2005.[2] Smarandache MultiSpace Theory, Hexis, Phoenix,American, 2006.
[3] Selected Papers on Mathematical Combinatorics, World AcademicUnion, 2006.
[4] Combinatorial speculation and combinatorial conjecture for mathematics,
International J.Math. Combin. Vol.1(2007), No.1, 119.
[5] Geometrical theory on combinatorial manifolds, JP J.Geometry and Topology,
Vol.7, No.1(2007),65114.
[6] An introduction to Smarandache multispaces and mathematical ombinatorics,
Scientia Magna, Vol.3, No.1(2007),5480.
上述文献，均可以在《中国科技论文在线》优秀学者栏目作者名目下免
费下载。更多的，参见正在写作的：
Geometry and Combinatorial Field Theory
(Plan to publish in USA in 2009)
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Thanks！