Columbia River Basin, Mountain Snake Province · PDF file 2012-10-19 · NFH is...

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    16-Jul-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    0
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Columbia River Basin, Mountain Snake Province · PDF file 2012-10-19 · NFH is...

  • Columbia Basin Hatchery Review Team

    Columbia River Basin, Mountain Snake Province

    Clearwater and Salmon River Watersheds

    Dworshak, Kooskia and Hagerman National Fish Hatcheries

    Assessments and Recommendations

    Final Report

    June 2009

    U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service - Pacific Region

  • Please cite as:

    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2009. Dworshak, Kooskia, and Hagerman National

    Fish Hatcheries. Final Report, June 2009. Hatchery Review Team, Pacific Region. U.S. Fish

    and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon. Available at: http://www.fws.gov/Pacific/fisheries/

    Hatcheryreview/reports.html.

    http://www.fws.gov/Pacific/fisheries/

  • USFWS Columbia Basin Hatchery Review Team Lower Snake NFHs Assessments and Recommendations Report – June 2009

    Table of Contents i

    Table of Contents

    List of Tables and Figures .......................................................................................... iii

    Summary ........................................................................................................................ v

    I. Introduction ................................................................................................................ 1

    II. Components of this Report ...................................................................................... 7

    III. Clearwater River Watershed ............................................................................... 13

    CLEARWATER RIVER OVERVIEW ........................................................................................ 14

    DWORSHAK NFH B-RUN STEELHEAD ................................................................................ 47

    SUMMARY OF CURRENT PROGRAM .......................................................................................... 47

    ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT PROGRAM ...................................................................................... 50

    RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CURRENT PROGRAM ........................................................................ 64

    ALTERNATIVES TO CURRENT PROGRAM ................................................................................... 76

    DWORSHAK NFH SPRING CHINOOK ................................................................................... 83

    SUMMARY OF CURRENT PROGRAM .......................................................................................... 83

    ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT PROGRAM ...................................................................................... 85

    RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CURRENT PROGRAM ........................................................................ 94

    ALTERNATIVES TO CURRENT PROGRAM ................................................................................... 98

    KOOSKIA NFH SPRING CHINOOK ..................................................................................... 101

    SUMMARY OF CURRENT PROGRAM ........................................................................................ 101

    ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT PROGRAM .................................................................................... 102

    RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CURRENT PROGRAM ...................................................................... 111

    ALTERNATIVES TO CURRENT PROGRAM ................................................................................. 118

    CLEARWATER COHO, DWORSHAK NFH AND KOOSKIA NFH ........................................... 125

    SUMMARY OF CURRENT PROGRAM ........................................................................................ 125

    ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT PROGRAM .................................................................................... 128

    RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CURRENT PROGRAM ...................................................................... 135

    ALTERNATIVES TO CURRENT PROGRAM ................................................................................. 139

    IV. Salmon River Watershed ................................................................................... 143

    SALMON RIVER OVERVIEW .............................................................................................. 144

    HAGERMAN NFH B-RUN STEELHEAD .............................................................................. 192

    SUMMARY OF CURRENT PROGRAM ........................................................................................ 192

    ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT PROGRAM .................................................................................... 193

    RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CURRENT PROGRAM ...................................................................... 204

  • USFWS Columbia Basin Hatchery Review Team Lower Snake NFHs Assessments and Recommendations Report – June 2009

    Table of Contents (continued)

    ii Table of Contents

    ALTERNATIVES TO CURRENT PROGRAM ................................................................................. 214

    HAGERMAN NFH A-RUN STEELHEAD .............................................................................. 220

    SUMMARY OF CURRENT PROGRAM ........................................................................................ 220

    ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT PROGRAM .................................................................................... 221

    RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CURRENT PROGRAM ...................................................................... 230

    ALTERNATIVES TO CURRENT PROGRAM ................................................................................. 236

    HAGERMAN NFH RESIDENT RAINBOW TROUT ................................................................ 241

    SUMMARY OF CURRENT PROGRAM ........................................................................................ 241

    ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT PROGRAM .................................................................................... 241

    RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CURRENT PROGRAM ...................................................................... 245

    V. Conclusions ........................................................................................................... 247

    Appendices ................................................................................................................. 249

    APPENDIX A: ALL-H ANALYZER (AHA) OUTPUT FOR SALMON AND STEELHEAD STOCKS IN

    THE CLEARWATER AND SALMON RIVER WATERSHEDS .................................................... 251

    APPENDIX B: LOWER SNAKE NFHS BRIEFING DOCUMENT .............................................. 251

    APPENDIX C: COMMENTS ON DRAFT REPORT AND REVIEW TEAM RESPONSES ................ 251

    APPENDIX D. COMPLETE TEXT OF COMMENT LETTERS RECEIVED FROM STAKEHOLDERS

    ......................................................................................................................................... 251

    APPENDIX E: LOWER SNAKE NFHS OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE COSTS SUMMARY251

    APPENDIX F: SUMMARY OF THE IDAHO SUPPLEMENTATION STUDIES .............................. 251

  • USFWS Columbia Basin Hatchery Review Team Lower Snake NFHs Assessments and Recommendations Report – June 2009

    List of Tables and Figures iii

    List of Tables and Figures

    FIGURES

    Figure 1. Regions of the Pacific Region Hatchery Review Project ................................................. 4

    Figure 2. National Fish Hatcheries in the Lower Snake Region reviewed in this report ............... 5

    Figure 3. Clearwater River Watershed .......................................................................................... 13

    Figure 4. Salmon River Watershed.............................................................................................. 143

    Figure 5. Geographic boundaries of three Major Population Groups of spring/summer Chinook

    salmon within the Salmon River subbasin, including 22 demographically independent

    populations within the three MPGs............................................................................. 147

    Figure 6. Geographic boundaries of 12 demographically independent populations of steelhead

    within the Salmon River Major Population Group ..................................................... 149

    TABLES

    Table 1. Dworshak NFH spring Chinook (Dworshak NFH) ......................................................... 22

    Table 2. Clear Creek hatchery spring Chinook (Kooskia NFH) ................................................... 23

    Table 3. Lochsa-Selway River spring Chinook (Clearwater FH) .................................................. 24

    Table 4. South Fork Clearwater River spring Chinook (Clearwater FH) ...................................... 25

    Table 5. Lolo Creek spring Chinook (Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery) ............................................... 27

    Table 6. Clearwater (Snake) River fall Chinook (Lyons Ferry FH and Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery)

    ...................................................................................................................................... 28

    Table 7. Clearwater River coho salmon (Dworshak, Kooskia and Eagle Creek NFHs) ............... 30

    Table 8. Dworshak NFH (North Fork Clearwater River) B-run summer steelhead (Dworshak

    NFH) ..............................................