CLEMSON UNIVERSITY WIND TURBINE DRIVETRAIN TEST .DTTF Clemson University Wind Turbine Drivetrain

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Transcript of CLEMSON UNIVERSITY WIND TURBINE DRIVETRAIN TEST .DTTF Clemson University Wind Turbine Drivetrain

  • FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

    for the

    CLEMSON UNIVERSITY WIND TURBINE DRIVETRAIN TEST

    FACILITY

    NORTH CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA

    U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

    Golden Field Office

    SEPTEMBER 2010

    DOE/EA-1761

  • FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

    for the

    CLEMSON UNIVERSITY WIND TURBINE DRIVETRAIN TEST

    FACILITY

    NORTH CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA

    U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

    Golden Field Office

    SEPTEMBER 2010

    DOE/EA-1761

  • ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

    AC Alternating Current APE Area of Potential Effect ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) ASTM American Society of Testing and Materials AOC Area of Concern BFS Blade Force Simulator BMP Best Management Practice BRAC U.S. Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission CFR Code of Federal Regulations Clemson Clemson University CMMC Charleston Marine Manufacturing Company CNC Charleston Naval Complex CURI Clemson University Restoration Institute CWS Charleston Water Systems DC Direct Current DOE Department of Energy DTTF Clemson University Wind Turbine Drivetrain Test Facility EA Environmental Assessment EERE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EO Executive Order GIS Geographic Information System FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FIRM Federal Insurance Rate Map HALT Highly Accelerated Life Testing HUD U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development LEED Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (U.S. Green Building Council) LUC Land Use Control MS4 Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems msl Mean Sea Level MW Megawatt NCSD North Charleston Sewer District NEPA National Environmental Policy Act NFA No Further Action NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory OCRM Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management OSHA Occupation Safety and Health Administration RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RDA Charleston Naval Complex Redevelopment Authority SCDHEC South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control SCDNR South Carolina Department of Natural Resources SCE&G South Carolina Electric and Gas

  • SCPR South Carolina Public Railways SCSPA South Carolina State Ports Authority SHPO South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office SPCC Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure SWMU Solid Waste Management Unit SWPPP Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan THPO Catabawa Tribal Historic Preservation Office U.S. United States U.S.C. United States Code USACE United States Army Core of Engineers USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency USFWS United States Fish and Wildlife Service VCC Voluntary Cleanup Contract

  • Contents

    DOE/EA 1761 iii September 2010

    CONTENTS

    Section Page

    1. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 National Environmental Policy Act and Related Procedures ............................................................. 2 1.2 Purpose and Need ............................................................................................................................... 3 1.3 Public Scoping .................................................................................................................................... 3

    2. PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES .................................................................................. 8 2.1 DOEs Proposed Action ..................................................................................................................... 9 2.2 Clemson Universitys Proposed Project ............................................................................................. 9

    2.2.1 Background ................................................................................................................................... 9 2.2.2 Purpose and Need of Proposed Project ....................................................................................... 12 2.2.3 Description of Facility Location .................................................................................................. 13 2.2.4 Description of Proposed Facility ................................................................................................. 17 2.2.5 Construction and Installation ....................................................................................................... 18 2.2.6 Operation ..................................................................................................................................... 19 2.2.7 Transportation ............................................................................................................................. 20 2.2.8 Electrical infrastructure ............................................................................................................... 21

    2.3 No-Action Alternative ....................................................................................................................... 23 3. AFFECTED ENVIRONMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES .......................... 24

    3.1 Geology and Soils .............................................................................................................................. 27 3.1.1 Affected Environment ................................................................................................................ 27 3.1.2 Environmental Consequences ..................................................................................................... 27

    3.1.2.1 Proposed Project .................................................................................................................... 27 3.1.2.2 No-Action Alternative ........................................................................................................... 28

    3.2 Water Resources ................................................................................................................................ 28 3.2.1 Affected Environment ................................................................................................................. 29

    3.2.1.1 Stormwater ............................................................................................................................ 29 3.2.1.2 Floodplains ............................................................................................................................ 29 3.2.1.3 Groundwater .......................................................................................................................... 30

    3.2.2 Environmental Consequences ..................................................................................................... 31 3.2.2.1 Proposed Project .................................................................................................................... 31 3.2.2.2 No-Action Alternative ........................................................................................................... 32

    3.3 Cultural Resources and Historic Preservation ................................................................................... 32 3.3.2 Cultural/Historical Impacts ......................................................................................................... 33

    3.3.2.1 Proposed Project .................................................................................................................... 33 3.3.2.2 No-Action Alternative ........................................................................................................... 34

    3.4 Socioeconomic and Environmental Justice Impacts ......................................................................... 34 3.4.1 Affected Environment ................................................................................................................ 34 3.4.2 Socioeconomic and Environmental Justice Impacts ................................................................... 36

    3.4.2.1 Proposed Project .................................................................................................................... 36 3.4.2.2 No-Action Alternative ........................................................................................................... 36

    3.5 Infrastructure and Energy .................................................................................................................. 36 3.5.1 Affected Environment ................................................................................................................. 36

    3.5.1.1 Water and Wastewater Infrastructure .................................................................................... 36 3.5.1.2 Electrical Infrastructure ......................................................................................................... 37

    3.5.2 Environmental Consequences ..................................................................................................... 37 3.5.2.1 Proposed Project .................................................................................................................... 37 3.5.2.2 No-Action Alternative ........................................................................................................... 38

    3.6 Health and Safety .............................................................................................................................. 38

  • Contents

    DOE/EA 1761 iv September 2010

    3.6.1 Affected Environment ..................................................................................................