Claude Debussy Janel Herde. Biography Born August 22, 1862 in St. Germain en Laye, France. Oldest...

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Transcript of Claude Debussy Janel Herde. Biography Born August 22, 1862 in St. Germain en Laye, France. Oldest...

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  • Claude Debussy Janel Herde
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  • Biography
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  • Born August 22, 1862 in St. Germain en Laye, France. Oldest of 5 children. Family owned china shop. Closed and the family relocated to Clichy, France. Claudes grandmother takes them in.
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  • First piano lesson 7 years old. Teacher Jean Cerutti (Jean) 1871 Antionette Maute as piano teacher. Paris Conservatory School of Fine Arts Age 10 1876 First appearance at a public concert. Accompanied Leontine Mendes (Singer) 1879 Leans the attractions of a life of luxury stays with Marguerite Wilson- Pelouze. Decides to become a composer.
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  • 1880 Hired by Nadezhda Von Meck Teaches her children to play piano 1884 Enters The Prodigal Son Won the Prix de Rome
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  • Influences Not influenced by Russian composer Richard Wagners opera Tristan und Isolde. Javanese Gamelan First saw at Paris World Exposition 1889 Brass percussion, strings, bamboo flutes
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  • Opera Pelleas et Melisande Based on play by Marice Maeterlinck Only finished opera Controversy around first performance Music was either hated or loved His music was impressionist Rejected traditional rules Pieces were dissonant Lacked tonal quality
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  • Later Years Changes in style Not readily accepted Other composers weakened popularity Composed music until death Diagnosed rectal cancer 1915 Unsuccessful surgery to cure cancer Passed away March 25, 1918 3 unfinished pieces for Six Pieces for Various Instruments
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  • Prlude l'aprs-midi d'un faune (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun)
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  • History Written in 1892, completed in October 1894 Symphonic poem for orchestra First performance Paris December 1894 Concerts of the Society Nationale de Musique Conductor Gustave Doret
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  • Inspired by poem Laprs-midi dun faune by Stephane Mallarme Also basis for ballet Afternoon of a Faun Choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky One of best known compositions Performed again the next day Societys doors were opened to the public for the first time. First performance conductor and Debussy made changes up until the start
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  • Orchestration 3 flutes 2 oboes 2 clarinets 4 horns 2 harps 2 violins Violas Chellos Contrabasses
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  • One of Debussys most famous works Turning point in music Flutes and soft must added new depth
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  • Listening Guide Section A 0:00 Part A flute solo, harps glissando, horns extend theme 0:45 Part A horns and harp repeat. Horns background, harp is more prominent 1:06 Part A Flute reappears, oboes take melody at times 1:31 Part B Horns return, flute and oboe resume these, crescendos, theme repeated. Harps glissando 2:46 Part C Flutes continue theme, clarinet extends the theme, flutes at the end of theme
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  • Section B 3:16 Part D Oboe leads new theme. Strings plucking methods which accompany clarinet. Violins take over the melody 3:44 Part D French horns return. Clarinet plays melody. Similar to first theme 4:01 Part E oboe returns with melody. Quicker and shorter notes. Strings added screscendo take melody 4:19 Part E Dynamics soften violins play togther. Chang tempo and rhythm. Crescendo with climax and diminishes 4:48 Part E Soften with horns flutes and oboes. Crescendos and decrescendos. Twinkling sound.
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  • Section B 5;50 Part A Flute has main melody, accompaniment of harp. Obo plast staccato notes 6:23 Part A Horns accmpany with crisp melody. Theme reiterates Theme A 6:55 Part A Flutes play melody, violini pianissimo. Flute, cello take melody. Harp in backgorund. Oboe Brings melody. Flute and harp fade to a close.
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  • Clair de Lune
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  • History Third movement in Suite begamasque Famous piano suite, with four movements Prelude, Menuet, Clair de Lune, Passepied Composed in 1890 When it came time to publish, Debussy hated the style. Major modification Revised version published in 1905
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  • Inspiration Poem Clair de Lune by Paul Verlaine All four movements written from works of Paul Verlaine. Written for piano solo First performance Debussy performed it himself firs time ever performed.
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  • Listening Guide Section A 0:00 Opens in D flat. Pianissimo. Warm sound. Chords and scales both hands. Expressive, andante 1:00 Dissonant low notes. More chords than scales. Repeated with minor changes. 1:39 Dissonance resolved with arpeggio.
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  • Section B 1:49 More movement. Arpeggios. Pianissimo. Crescendos and decrescendos throughout piece. Melody right hand. 2:25 Key changes, melody move up an octave. 2:35 Melody back down in lower octaves
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  • Section A 3:04 Melody from beginning restated 3:38 Coda, arpeggios from second section. Contour same as theme A 4:19 Arpeggios brought together. End slowly with diminuendo.
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  • Bibliography Claude Debussy. 2007. June 2011. Dumesnil, Maurice. "Claude-Achille, Young Musician." Claude Debussy, Master of Dreams. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1979. 181. Mandel, Marc. Claude Debussy Prlude lAprs-midi dun faune. n.d. June 2011. Nichols, Roger. "The Life of Debussy." New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Notable Biographies. n.d. June 2011. Vallas, Leon. "Claude Debussy - His Life and Works." Lightning Source Inc., 2007.