Classroom Learning Theories and Management EDEL 413 CSUB Debbie Meadows

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Transcript of Classroom Learning Theories and Management EDEL 413 CSUB Debbie Meadows

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Classroom Learning Theories and Management EDEL 413 CSUB Debbie Meadows Slide 2 Think about: Who was your favorite teacher? What made them your favorite? Why was this important to you? How did the teacher handle themselves? How did they handle you? Others? What do you remember about the classroom? Slide 3 Two Personal Questions What do I have that will make me a good teacher? What do I need to learn? Slide 4 Philosophies of Education Essentialism Traditions of society, morals, values, and skills necessary to be model citizens: A Nation At Risk Progressivism Curriculum is centered around interests of the students: Dewey Perennialism Truth never changes: Plato, Aristotle Slide 5 Philosophies of Education Existentialism Free will to develop as the student sees fit, self- responsibility, play is good: Sartre Behaviorism Change the environment, change the student teach scientifically: Pavlov Slide 6 Philosophy into Theory Learning Theory Behavioral Watson, Thorndike, Skinner Cognitive Bruner, Vygotsky, Piaget Constructivist Dewey, Knowles, Montessori Many, Many Others Slide 7 Behaviorism Learning Theory Pavlov, Thorndike, John Watson Stimulus-Response B.F. Skinner Operant Conditioning Children respond to external stimuli Children can be conditioned to respond Children can be manipulated/shaped Teacher sets the goals,controls the environment, and creates assessments Slide 8 Cognitivism Learning Theory Atkinson-Shriffin and Ausubel Schema, Scaffolding, Chunking Advanced Organizer Three-Stage Information Processing Sensory Registry Short-term Memory Long-term Memory Slide 9 Cognitivism Learning Theory Jean Piaget Four Stages of Development Sensorimotor - birth to 2 years Preoperational - 2 to 6/7 years Concrete Operational - 6/7 to 11/12 years Formal Operational 11/12 to adult Slide 10 Vygotskys Zone of Proximal Development Slide 11 Constructivism Learning Theory Build on Prior Knowledge Construct New Knowledge Understand through Authentic Experiences Active, hands-on Problem Solving, Exploration, Collaboration Revision and Reflection Slide 12 Constructivism Learning Theory Jerome Bruner Learning is an active process Students build new ideas based on their existing knowledge Discovery Learning Spiral Curriculum Slide 13 Constructivism Learning Theory John Dewey Collaborative Work Teacher is the Mentor or Guide Inquiry Based Learning Slide 14 Constructivism Lesson Progression Situation Grouping Bridge from previous learning Questioning Exhibition Reflection Slide 15 Putting Theory Together in the Learning Environment Slide 16 What is Teaching? Philosophy of Education Learning Theory How will you as the teacher handle the Academic Development Social Development Emotional Development of the students in your class Slide 17 What Makes a Good Teacher? Art Science Personal Characteristics Slide 18 The Art of Teaching Enthusiasm for Learning Liking for Children Desire to Help Others These things CANNOT be taught Slide 19 The Science of Teaching Ability to Manage the Classroom Environment Ability to Manage Student Behavior Ability to Make Long-Range Plans Ability to Make Short-Range Plans Ability to Use a Variety of Instructional Materials These things CAN be taught Slide 20 Characteristics Of Successful Teachers Organization Communication Adaptability Creativity These things CAN be Fostered Slide 21 Teacher Responsibilities Curriculum Instruction Classroom Environment School Community Personal Decorum Philosophy of Education Slide 22 Three Questions for Teachers Philosophy What should learners know? Psychology How do learners learn? Pedagogy How should learners be taught? Slide 23 Learning What is your definition of learning? Slide 24 Learning Process Phases Perception Wanting to know Taking in information Conception Creating meaning Ideation Putting information to use Slide 25 Learning Process The process of how a student learns All good learning theories have these three components L.P. links to assessment Slide 26 Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Slide 27 Eriksons Eight Stages of Man Age and StageArea of Resolution Basic Attitudes Birth to 18 monthsTrust vs MistrustHope 18 months to 3 years Autonomy vs Shame/Doubt Will 3 years to 5 yearsInitiative vs GuiltPurpose 6 years to 12 years Industry vs Inferiority Competence