Cigars: Compounding variability Cigar Tobacco Explained (cont.) Seed types: -Cuban seed -Connecticut

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Transcript of Cigars: Compounding variability Cigar Tobacco Explained (cont.) Seed types: -Cuban seed -Connecticut

  • Cigars: Compounding variability

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  • Cigar Tobacco and its Required Quality

    Michael D. Hartley, MSc Universal Leaf Tobacco Company

    Dark Air-Cured Group

    October 10, 2017 Kitzbühel – Austria

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  • Outline

    • Cigar definitions • Differences among cigars • Cigar tobacco explained • Impact of quality • How wrapper is used • Making a hand-made cigar • Cigar/Cigarette Comparison • Summary

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  • Cigar Definitions

    Cigar: any roll of tobacco wrapped in leaf tobacco substance containing tobacco Little Cigar: cigars weighing no more than three pounds per thousand Large Cigar: cigars weighing more than three pounds per thousand Source: 15 U.S.C. § 1332

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  • Cigar Definitions (cont.)

    Premium cigar: -hand-made cigar -is made of 100% natural tobacco -usually uses long filler -very rarely flavored Machine-made cigar: -made by machine -usually a smaller sized cigar or cigarillos -short filler is used -homogenized sheet commonly used -may be flavored

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  • Difference Among Cigars

    Construction: - can be 100% natural leaf - can be combination natural leaf/reconstituted wrapper or binder - filler can be long filler or short filler - normally a blend of fillers from different stalk positions, seed types, and/or origins - filtered (tipped) or non-filtered - hand-made or machine-made - may or may not be flavored

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  • Difference Among Cigars (cont.)

    Size and Shape: -wide range of various sizes, shapes -in a hand-made cigar there can be variations within a single size/shape

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  • Difference Among Cigars (cont.) 201 7_

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  • Cigar Tobacco Explained Long filler: -used in premium cigars -made into frog-strips Short filler: -threshed, cut tobacco, or bits/pieces from long filler processing Binder: -used to hold together the filler -can come from wrapper production or filler production -needs to be a sound leaf Wrapper: -the outer covering of a cigar -usually requiring a uniform, pretty appearance

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  • Impact of Quality (cont.) Filler tobaccos Long filler -sound leaves made into “frog-strips” Broken filler -broken leaves also made into ‘frog-strips” Short filler -can be pieces from long filler production or threshed

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  • Cigar Tobacco Explained (cont.)

    Fermentation: -most cigar types receive some type of fermentation -process that is a continuation of the ripening and curing process to develop aromatic characteristics and uniform/darken colors -time period can be from 1-8 months -fermentation methods vary from company to company -normally heat development occurs

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  • Cigar Tobacco Explained (cont.)

    Fermentation: -piles are turned when the desired (cont.) rise in temperature is met or number of days -fermentation is complete when the desired color and/or aroma is achieved

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  • Cigar Tobacco Explained (cont.)

    Seed types: -Cuban seed -Connecticut Shade -Connecticut Broadleaf -PA 41 -Sumtra -Besuki -Cameroon -Olor -Arapiraca -Mata Fina/Mata Norte -Dark fire-cured -various local dark air-cured

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  • Cigar Tobacco Explained (cont.)

    Seed types: -within seed types there are many varieties: Cuban seed in the Dominican Republic: -Corojo 99 -Habana 2000 -Vuelta Abajo, -Criollo 98, -Piloto Cubano, etc. -within varieties farmers/suppliers have their own selections

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  • “Pursuit of perfect leaves”

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