Chola builders project
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Home Building Pre-construction
General PreparationsBuilding Lot 2400 sq. ft.ECRZoningPrevailing Price 4000/sq. ft.Utility status (electricity, water, sewage)Financial CalculationsContingencySquare footage costsSet up accounts with two different lumber companies. Also set up accounts with one of the following: concrete supplier, electrical supplier, plumbing and mechanical supplier
FinancingProperty and construction loansBanksCredit UnionsMortgage brokersPrivate financingSavings/IRACollateralAdvance from Customer
Why a Villa in ECR?Proximity to elementary, middle and high schools, religious institutions, shopping and business districts etc.Houses that are priced near the median range in ECR will sell easier and appreciate faster.Distance to railroads, land fills, toxic storage sites and fuel storage sites.Proper electrical power lines located/near the propertyNo easements which restrict the placement of the house on the property, or affect property rights.Good neighbourhood associationDistance from busy streets, highways, freeways, etc.Good soil conditions
House plansPlan booksHome designerArchitect- Mr. Lakshmi Nayagam. B.E.(Civil)SpecificationsEngineersStructural engineer-Mr. Lakshmi Nayagam. B.E.(Civil)
Geotechnical engineer (Soils engineer)
Master Bedroom 4mx4mDoors: D1: 1000mmx724mm D2: 860mmx450mm D3: 600mmx300mmWindows: 700mmx400mmVentilator: 300mmx200mmKennel House: 1mx1.5mCompound Wall: 300mm thickTotal Area: 16.5mx13m =220sq.m =2400 Sq. ft.
Building PermitA building permit is written authorization granted by the building department to build a structure.The permit allows the holder to build in accordance with the construction documents submitted to obtain the permit.Each jurisdiction has different documentation requirement for obtaining a permit. Check with your local building department before you begin your project.
APPROVALS FOR NEW HOUSE BUILDING FROM GOVERNMENT OFFICIALSPlanning Permission from Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA)Affidavit Land Documents.Building Permission from Chennai Municipal Corporation.Applying for Permanent Electricity Connection to Tamilnadu State Electricity Board.Application for permanent Water and Sewerage connection to Chennai Municipal Water supply and Sewerage Board(CMWSSB).No Objection Certificate from Tamilnadu Fire and Rescue Department Completion Certificate from Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority.
PLANNING PERMISSION FROM CMDAAs per Development Control Rules 2004, Fill form-A and Form-B
Contains Detail Plan, layouts, Specifications.Scrutinize the House Plan with Government Officials.
Get Green Signal to Build House !!!!!
Approx. cost : INR 4500
BUILDING PERMISSION FROM CMC, TNFurnish detail plan with licensed surveyor.
Attach Key map of location, Affidavit, Registered sale deed Documents.
Pay the Building Permit Fee as per building area, scrutiny fee and registration fee.
i.e. Build up area> 200 sq.mt., building fee will be INR 460 per 10sq mt.
Total fee : Approx. : INR 151,000
Electricity permission from TNSEBFill form-1 from section office Chennai.
Comply with house documents and necessary power requirement , pay fees get electricity connection.
Fee: INR 42000
Duration : Max. 45 days
Water and sewerage connection from CMWSSB
Fill water and sewerage connection form to Chennai Metropolitan water supply and sewerage Board.Pay connection charges to CMWSSB office with sanctioned plan .
Fee: INR 45000
Duration : Max 45 Days
Completion certificate from CMDAAfter completing all building activity, get completion certificate from CMDA.
Fee: INR 2500
Duration : Max 15 days
Finding Qualified SubcontractorsFind a sub contractor that has been recommended by a builder or a friend familiar with their work.Meet with the sub to get an impression of them and their workInspect at least two examples of their current work.Get a list of the last three jobs they have completed. Talk with the owner or builder of those jobs
Bid packageInvitation to Bid (includes a scope of work, anticipated construction schedule and bidding deadline)The plansSample contractThe specificationsHuman Resource Planning
ContractsOwner-contractor agreement, or owner-subcontractor agreement for owner-buildersSpecificationsDescription of materialsEngineering calculationsChange ordersAny addendum or supplementary conditions or clauses that are added to the above documents.
ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE OF CONSTRUCTION COMPANY
TOTAL EMPLOYEE LISTTYPE OF JOBNO.OF EMPLOYEESPERMANENT 10CONTRACT LABOURS29
PERMANENT EMPLOYEES SALARY DESIGNATION SALARY P/MRs.DESIGNATION SALARY P/M Rs.MANAGER40,000SURVEYOR20,000CIVIL ENGG30,000ARCHITECT30,000ASS.CIVIL.ENGG12,000CHIEF SUPERVISOR25,000FINANCE CONTROLLER35,000ASST F.C12,000TOTAL:2,46,000PURCHASE OFFICER30,000ASST P.O12,000
DESIGNATIONNO.OF EMPLOYEESALARY / DAY RsSUPERVISOR (BUILDING)1400LABOUR(BUILDING)10300 (3000) (SUPERVISOR (ELECTRICAL)1400LABOUR (ELECTRICAL)5300 (1500)SUPERVISOR(PLUMBING)1400LABOUR (PLUMBING)5300 (1500)SUPERVISOR (PAINTING)1400LABOUR (PAINTING)5300 (1500)TOTAL19500
CONTRACT EMPLOYEES SALARY Note: If any employee works over time add extra 30Rs /hour
SAFETY EQUIPMENTSEye and Face ProtectionSafety glasses or face shields are worn anytime work operations can cause foreign objects getting into the eye such as during welding, cutting, grinding, nailing (or when working with concrete and/or harmful chemicals or when exposed to flying particles).Eye and face protectors are selected based on anticipated hazards.Safety glasses or face shields are worn when exposed to any electrical hazards including work on energized electrical systems.
Foot ProtectionConstruction workers should wear work shoes or boots with slip-resistant and puncture-resistant soles.Safety-toed footwear is worn to prevent crushed toes when working around heavy equipment or falling objects.Hand ProtectionGloves should fit snugly.Workers wear the right gloves for the job (for example, heavy-duty rubber gloves for concrete work, welding gloves for welding, insulated gloves and sleeves when exposed to electrical hazards).
Head ProtectionWorkers shall wear hard hats where there is a potential for objects falling from above, bumps to their heads from fixed objects, or of accidental head contact with electrical hazards.Hard hats are routinely inspected for dents, cracks or deterioration.Hard hats are replaced after a heavy blow or electrical shock.Hard hats are maintained in good condition.
Home Building Phase 1
Temporary ServicesTemporary electricityTemporary toiletsTemporary WaterTrash disposalTemporary accommodationsSurveyingLaying it out yourself.Marking the perimeterSetback variance
ExcavationMarking UtilitiesFoundation DepthContractReviewSafety and LiabilitySavings
Footings & FoundationCosting and EstimateInspectionSafety and Security
Foundation OptionsStem Wall Slab
Sub rough Plumbing and HVACBasement foundation/slab on grade.Radiant floor HeatingDamp proofing, Waterproofing and Window WellsDamp proofing and waterproofingVapour barriers
Water & Sewer LateralsModern Sewer lateral is pipe is made from plastic pipe, either ABS or PVC. Traditionally sewer lateral was made from clay, cast iron, concrete, or tar fiber pipe
Foundation Drain, Backfill & Rough GradingFoundation drainBackfill around the foundation and garageFill the basement interiorRough grade
Pouring the slabBefore the concrete truck arrives the level of the slab is marked on the side of the foundation walls with a chalk line. Screed boards are placed in the middle of the floor at the same height to ensure that the slab is level. The concrete is then poured, leveled and finished.
Care must be taken not to drive the concrete truck too close to the foundation and especially not on top of the backfill that was recently placed against the foundation walls. Many foundations have been cracked, bowed or have collapsed due to the pressure of concrete trucks, bull dozers, and excavators.
If hiring a contractor for flatwork, check previous work for flatness and smoothness.
Home Building Phase 2
FramingFraming is one of the most exciting phases of the construction process. During the framing phase you will watch the house take shape. Most people get very excited when the framing is done, thinking that the house is almost built. In reality, the house is only about one-third complete.The framing must be accurateIf the framing is poor quality, the drywall won't be flat, the floors will squeak, and doors will not close correctly.The job of the general contractor is to make sure the framers follow the plans and the building code.The RoofThe roof is formed with pre-manufactured trusses or stick-built on-site.The city inspector will usually request the truss engineering calculation during the framing inspectionThe time it takes to frame your house will depend on the size, complexity, and weather conditionsCity Framing Inspection
The city will require a framing inspection. The inspector will check that the building codes are followed
Windows and exterior doorsDoorsSteelFiberglassSide lightsWindows(Vinyl, Aluminium, Wood/vinyl combination/aluminium)Rough PlumbingDWV and SupplyPlanningPlacement and location
Rough ElectricalMaterials used on the job, i.e. type and colour of switches, and outlets. Size and models of breaker panel, breakers and service panel.Location of service panel, breaker panel and sub panels.Types, Colours and brand name of All light fixturesVerify placement of switch boxes, fixture boxes, appliances leads, breaker panel, service panel with the blueprints.Verify materials and equipment with spec sheet.
Home Building Phase 3
Wall InsulationInsulation is required in all external walls to prevent heat loss in winter or heat gain in the summerType of the insulation to be installed.Sealing crack and penetrations in walls around windows and doors.Sealing penetrations through top and bottom plates around pipes wires and ductworkDrywallDrywall, also known as Sheetrock or gypsum board (Sheetrock is a trademark name of USG), is used to cover the interior walls of the structure.Ceiling finishWall finishType and thickness of Drywall installed.The purpose of the three step taping process is to seal the joints adding shear strength to the panels
Finish Carpentryhanging interior doors (sometimes hanging exterior doors and windows... although framers often do this depending on the type of window)casing/trimming windows and doorsinstalling baseboard and specialty moldings such as crown moldings and chair moldingsconstructing built in shelves in closets, pantries and alcovesinstalling hand rails, stair rails and balcony rails.installing hardwood flooringinstalling stair treads and stair skirting
PaintLatex (water based) paint is used for drywall and MDF board while oil based paints, stains and finishes are used for real woodSingle tone paint jobs are common in low cost tract housing.Paint description (brand, grade, color, sheen, etc.)Number of tones and where they are to be usedExterior doors and jambs should be included in the interior painting contract if no exterior painting is required (i.e. brick exterior).
Attic & Crawlspace InsulationVenting the Attic: The attic space needs to be well vented. It usually takes less than a day to complete an average attic space.
Hard Floor CoveringsFloor covering materialCommentsVinylInexpensive for the cheaper lines, installs quickly, fairly durable, low maintenance, water won't damage it. Often used in kitchens, and baths of tract homes.HardwoodWill last a lifetime if cared for, looks fantastic, many different species and stains available, can be refinished a different color. Expensive to install, suceptible to water damage. Fairly high upkeep cost.Ceramic tileWill last lifetime, good looking, many styles, sizes colors and textures available, durable, not affected by water, very low maintenance. Difficult to remove if you want to change style or color.marble/stoneWill last a life time, expensive look, durable, expensive.Laminate floorAuthenticates wood and stone fairly well, durable, installs quickly, low maintenance, inexpensive and one of the easier do-it-yourself project.
Hard floor coverings are installed right after the painting has been completedHard flooring is critical in the timeline because it will hold up the cabinets and finish plumbingif not scheduled on time
Home Building Phase 4
RoofingThere are many different types of roofing. From traditional shakes, and tile to modern asphalt, steel, and fibre-cement the choices appear to almost unlimitedShingle TypeInitial costLong-term costLongevity typical (years)Selection of styles and colors3-tab AsphaltVery lowMedium/High20-30LargeArchitectural asphaltLowMedium25-40LargeWood Shake/shingleVery highHigh15-30SmallSteel roofHighLow40-50+LargeCement/clay tileHighLow40-50+Medium
Final Grade& Exterior ConcreteConcrete PreparationLandscaping PlanGravel BaseIrrigation & exterior lightsSoffit & FasciaVentingGuttersSeamlessStorm Water
Electrical & Gas LateralsThe electrical lateral (sometimes called service lateral) is the power wire that travels from the city transformer to the exterior service panel of the house
MasonryBrick is virtually maintenance free. It never needs painting, caulking or staining.Brick will not burn, which can lower homeowner insurance rates.Brick is energy efficient.Brick is an effective sound barrier.Brick homes have market appeal.Brick homes have a excellent resale value.
Intro to StoneStone has been used for thousands of years as a construction material. Like brick, stone was used as a structural wall in buildings hundreds of years ago. Today stone is used as a veneer and carries no structural weight except itself.
Real Versus Cultured StoneReal stone looks "real"Cultured stone installs quickerSome cultured stones look phony (some types are more "authentic looking" than others).Cultured stone is cheaper.
StuccoStucco has been used in architecture for thousands of yearsIt is durable, relative maintenance free, and offers unlimited design possibilitiesTwo-coat syntheticEIFS
SidingVinyl, Steel, and Aluminum (interlocking siding).
Home Building Phase 5Shower Surrounds and Wall TileCabinets & CountertopsFinish Plumbing, HVAC & ElectricalCarpetHardware InstallationFinal InspectionPunch list & Final Cleaning
Important TaskWe should try to Visit the site frequently to check progress.We should be available by phone during business hours as questions always arise.We should make frequent inspections and quality checks during the project.We should coordinate the delivery of supplies, and especially the trusses.We should have a dumpster delivered prior to framing
Financial PositionBugeted 3200000Cash1500000company reserve 160000LocationECRArea2500 sq.ft
Shortage170000050% advance850000Installment payment 850000
COST SHEET FOR BEACH HOUSEMATERIAL COSTUNITPrice/UnitTotal costSandcft4020000Bricksnos770000Cementbags160112000Stone chippingscft10020000Stone blastcft7031500bitumenkg1507500polythene sheetsft9013050MS steel barskg35175000Granitesft70140000ceramic tilessft200500000woodft10015000Paintsltr1200120000Total material cost1224050
Sheet2Labour costLabour contract400000Plumbing contract350000paninting and interior contract700000Electric contract300000Total labour cost1750000
Legal costBuilding permission151000Electicity permission42000water and sewerage permission45000completion certficate cost2500Total legal charges240500Total cost3214550cost per sq ft1339.3958333333