Chapter Five Management of Monetary Assets. What Is Monetary Asset Management? Monetary Assets –...

of 28 /28
Chapter Five Management of Monetary Assets

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Chapter Five Management of Monetary Assets. What Is Monetary Asset Management? Monetary Assets –...

  • Chapter FiveManagement of Monetary Assets

    Copyright Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

  • What Is Monetary Asset Management?Monetary Assets cash and near-cash items that can readily be converted to cash. Monetary Asset (Cash) Management encompasses how you handle all of your monetary assets.Cash Equivalents retain a constant or nearly constant value.have ready liquidity.Liquidity the speed and ease with which an asset can be converted to cash.Safety freedom from financial risk.

  • The Four Tools of Monetary Asset ManagementYou need a low-cost, interest-earning checking account from which to pay monthly living expenses.

    You might want to maintain a small savings account in a local financial institution.

    When income begins to exceed expenses regularly, you can consider opening a money market account.

    Your monetary asset management plan is complete when you transfer some funds into longer-term savings instruments.

  • Figure 5.1: Four Tools of Monetary Asset Management

  • Who Provides Monetary Asset Management Services?Financial Services Industry providers of monetary asset management services. Banks and Depository InstitutionsMutual FundsStock Brokerage Firms

  • Banks and Depository InstitutionsRecognized and regulated by the federal government as firms hat offer loans and banking services to businesses and individuals. These includeCommercial Banks corporations chartered under federal and state regulations. Savings and Loan Associations (S&Ls)Credit Unions (CUs)Mutual Savings Banks (MSBs)

  • Deposit Insurance Is a Feature of Depository InstitutionsThe maximum insurance on all of your single-ownership accounts is $100,000.The maximum insurance on all of your joint accounts held with other individuals is $100,000.The maximum insurance on all of your retirement accounts is $100,000.A maximum of $100,000 in insurance per beneficiary is payable on death accounts.

  • Mutual FundsAn investment company that raises money by selling shares to the public and then invests that money in a diversified portfolio of investments. You can keep money on account with these investment companies and purchase and sell funds when you want

  • Stock Brokerage FirmsLicensed financial institution that specializes in selling and buying stocks, bonds, and other investment alternatives

    Typically offer money market mutual fund accounts (operated by mutual funds) into which clients place money while waiting to make their investments

  • Electronic BankingElectronic Banking occurs whenever banking transactions are conducted via computers without the customer using paper documents or having face-to-face contact with financial services personnel.Electronic Funds Transfers (EFTs) funds are shifted electronically among various bank accounts.Direct Deposits having your paycheck or other regular income deposited directly into your account rather than being paid by check.Preauthorized Payments having certain payments, such as monthly utility bills, automatically paid by your bank when billed by the entity to whom the payment is owed.

  • You Can Do Your Banking with an Automatic Teller MachineAutomated Teller Machine -ATM a computer terminal through which customers may make deposits, make withdrawals, and complete other financial transactions.

    Personal Identification Number (PIN) confirms that you are authorized to access the account.

    ATM Transaction Fee may be assessed for using an ATM.

  • You Can Make Purchases at POS Terminals Using a Debit CardPoint-of-Sale (POS) Terminal a computer terminal located at a store or other merchant location that allows the customer to make purchases electronically via a debit or credit card.Debit (or Check) Card a plastic card that provides instant access to your checking account.Smart Cards and Stored-Value CardsSmart Cards and Stored-Value Cards plastic payment devices that use built-in computer chips or magnetic strips to store data and handle payment functions.

  • Monetary Asset Management: Tool #1 Interest-Earning Checking AccountsChecking Account allows you to write checks against amounts you have on deposit, thereby transferring your deposited funds to other people and organizations.

    TYPE: NOW Account- Negotiable Order of Withdrawal earns interest or dividends as long as minimum-balance requirements are satisfied.

  • Protect Yourself from Checking Account Overdraft FeesBank Agreements to Use to Avoid Bad Check Fees:automatic funds transfer agreementautomatic overdraft loan agreement andbounce protection agreement.

  • Payment Instruments for Special NeedsTravelers ChecksMoney OrdersCertified ChecksCashiers Checks

  • Monetary Asset Management: Tool #2 Savings AccountsStatement Savings Account (or Passbook Savings Account) permits frequent deposits or withdrawals of funds.

  • Savings Account InterestThe calculation of interest to be paid on deposits in financial institutions is primarily based on four variables:the amount of money on depositthe method of determining the balancethe interest rate applied andthe frequency of compounding.

    Annual Percentage Yield (APY) a percentage based on the total interest that would be received on a $100 deposit for a 365-day period given the institutions annual rate of simple interest and frequency of compounding.

  • Monetary Asset Management: Tool #3 Money Market AccountsMoney Market Account any of a variety of interest-earning accounts that:pay relatively high interest rates andoffer some limited check-writing privileges.

  • Super NOW AccountsSuper NOW Account a government-insured money market account offered through depository institutions* Minimum initial deposit $1,000-$2,500

  • Money Market Deposit AccountsMoney Market Deposit Account (MMDA) has minimum-balance requirements and tiered interest rates that vary with the size of the account balance. The higher the balance the higher the interest rate

  • Money Market Mutual FundsMoney Market Mutual Fund (MMMF) a money market account in a mutual fund investment company (rather than at a depository institution). Minimum Deposit = $500-$1,000

  • Asset Management AccountsAsset Management Account (AMA or All-in-One Account) a multiple-purpose, coordinated package that gathers most of the customers monetary asset management vehicles into a unified account and reports them on a single monthly statement.Minimum = $10,000- usually carries fees ie. $100 annually

  • Monetary Asset Management: Tool #4 Long-Term Savings InstrumentsInvolves placing money into long-term savings instruments for a given period of time (anywhere from 6 months to two years or longer)Instruments includeCertificates of depositU.S. Government Savings Bonds

  • Certificates of DepositCertificate of Deposit (CD) an interest-earning savings instrument purchased for a fixed period of time.

    Adjustable-Rate CDs pay an interest rate that is adjusted periodically.Bump-Up CDs allow savers to bump up the interest rate once to a higher market rate and add up to 100 percent of the initial deposit whenever desired.

  • U.S. Government Savings Bonds (you can earn interest for up to 30 years)Series EE Savings Bonds U.S. government savings instruments that are purchased for 50 percent of their face value. Called Discount Bonds cause you pay less than the face value. When it matures you receive the face value

    Series I Savings Bonds not discount bonds but instead are purchased at their face value. Has a fixed interest rate + an inflationary rate based on CPI. Guarantees the bond will outpace inflation

  • Golden Rules of Managing Monetary AssetsChoose an interest-earning checking account for your checking account needs and reconcile the bank statement monthly.Minimize ATM fees by making fewer large withdrawals rather than more frequent small withdrawals.Monitor your bank fees and, if necessary, change financial institutions to avoid fees.Build and maintain an emergency fund sufficient to cover three months of expenses and keep those funds in higher-interest accounts like Savings, and Money Market Accounts.Start saving regularly when you are young. The sooner you start, the more funds you will amass over time.

  • Financial Planning Worksheet:Comparing Checking Account Options Worksheet

    Step 1My Checking Account usage PatternsHow many checks will I write per month?_____________How many ATM transactions do or will I perform each month?_____________What is the lowest dollar balance I will likely have in my account each month?_____________What is the highest dollar balance I will likely have in my account each month?_____________What is the average dollar balance I will likely have in my account each month?_____________Will I conduct my checking account on-line?_____________Will my paycheck be electronically deposited into my checking account?_____________

  • Financial Planning Worksheet:Comparing Checking Account Options Worksheet (contd)

    Step 2Net Earnings (or Costs) on My Checking AccountCurrent AccountAccount Option #1Account Option #2Account Option #3Name of financial institutionType (name) of accountItemA. Monthly interest or dividends earnedFees:ATM usage fees (charged by my bank)Total per check transaction feesMonthly account maintenance feeOverdraft feesOn-line access feesLow-balance feesOther feesB. Total feesC. Net earnings or costs (A - B)

    ***Add the rest of title? (with Illustrative Interest Rates Earned on Funds)**Following from earlier edits and suggestions, this heading (flush left) would then be 2. Mutual Funds and following slide would be 3. Stock Brokerage Firms.*****]**