Challenges for engineers in developing countries

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9th Asia Pacific International Conference on Information Science & Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal

Transcript of Challenges for engineers in developing countries

  • Universities Four universities are currently delivering IT & Engineering Degrees Tribhuvan University Kathmandu University Purbanchal University Pokhara University Two new universities are on the move Mid-western University Far-western University Some foreign universities affiliated colleges 2
  • Degrees Available (IT) Engineering Degrees (BE) : estd. 1998 BE Electronics & Communication, BE Computer, BE IT, BE Software Engineering etc. ME Computer, ME ISE etc. Non Engineering IT Degrees : estd: 1998 BIT, BIM, BScCSIT, BEdIT, BCS, BCIS, BCA etc. MCA, MScCS, MIT, MCIS etc. None of them offer further degrees i.e. MPhil, PhD etc. Student enrollment per year: 3500+ 3
  • Myths Doctor (MBBS, MD), Civil Engineers, Pilots, Architectures are highly recognized Local educators are not capable/trustworthy Quality educators only stay at developed cities Investors are deceitful minded Government job is respectable rather than Self- employment and entrepreneurship 4
  • Private Educators Problem Political instability Government Policies Government Views University Affiliation process and guidelines Monitoring and Evaluation bodies Industry Academia Gap No finishing schools 5
  • What our faculties do? Exam centric content deliver Not feeling Competent with others Lack of Domain Expertise Research as a burden Teaching as a time pass job Irresponsible behavior etc. 6
  • What our students do? Exam Centric Study Any How pass mentality Projects as a burden Rights rather than responsibility Learning as a time pass Lack of group work/study etc. 7
  • What our employees do? Ignore Remote area High expectation of salary than their skills Less performance Low in self learning Not interested in internship and volunteerism Corruption oriented etc. 8
  • Because? Accessibilty Opportunities Resources Infrastructures Education Career Regulatory issues Social Perception 9
  • Accessibilty Opportunities: are endless.. BUT City centric resources Lack of exposure/recognition lack of ranks and respect Lack of service providers Lack of public agencies in rural areas No networking opportunities 10
  • Accessibilty Resources: Limitedly available in developed cities Affordability Security Industry/Academia meet-ups Hackathons and competitions Salary vs passion Strategic alignment 11
  • Accessibilty Infrastructure: IT parks or special economic zones Power problems Sharing of resources Investment Bandwidth, transportation No security. Government Policies 12
  • Accessibilty Education: City Centric Quality human resources, faculties, resource persons Investment Awareness Quality education No security Peoples trust/faith 13
  • Regulatory Issues Laws & Directives Intellectual Property Right Internet Governance E-Governance Remittance/Payment Gateways Company Openings & Closings Foreign Investment Policy 14
  • Social Perception Abroad migration Brain-Drain Political Issues Government Visions Who to contribute? Transparency 15
  • Initiatives Implementation of ICT in education Private and I/NGOs involvement Information Technology access Smart device users penetration Broadband availability & internet penetration Telecommunication Policies Education and tax policy Clean political movement 16
  • But There are: Increasing status: Start-up companies Multinational IT Companies Established of offshore, onshore, BPOs, BPaaS. Increase of freelancers, tech bloggers Social/Community mobilization Events World class applications and companies Increasing no. of jobs in IT/related organizations 17
  • What IT-S is? Initiated during tea gossip in cafe Youth ICT professional and student Enrollment Self help advocacy volunteer organization Sectorial Member of Computer Association of Nepal Academic recognition by almost engineering & IT colleges, industries and line agents Member based Organization Established in 2003 AD as NGO 18
  • What IT-S Nepal do? Awareness campaigns Helping Hands (trainings for backward peoples) Conference/Seminars/Workshop Minimize Industry Academia Gap Advocacy, research ICT in education, EEICT project 19
  • 20 Q & A ?
  • Thank you. +9779851117399 21