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Transcript of CH.6: HISTORY OF CRETE

  • 1. CHAPTER 6HISTORY OF CRETE6.1 INTRODUCTION6.2 NEW PALACE CULTURE6.3 OLD PALACE CULTURE6.4 THE PRE-PALATIAL PERIOD6.5DISCUSSIONDr. R.M. de Jonge , drsrmdejonge@hotmail.comSUMMARYThe back side of the disc has 4 turns, encoding the 4 double generations of the NewPalace Culture (1702-1458 BC). In 1628 a Comet Catastrophe happened with c.9,000casualties. The end of this time period is caused by a civil war due to failures in thecourse of the law. The front side has 5 turns, encoding the 5 double generations of theOld Palace Culture (2007-1702 BC). The end of it was caused by insufficient educationand a subsequent civil war, with c.9,000 victims. The edges have a total of 25 passages,encoding the 25 generations of the Pre-Palatial Period (2769-2007 BC). In 2344 a hugeComet Catastrophe happened with c.1,600 casualties on Crete, which was more than halfof the original population.6.1 INTRODUCTIONThe text on the Phaistos Disc (Figs.5.3 & 5.4) deals with government and religion onbehalf of the people of Crete (Ch.5). For this purpose one orients on the Sunreligion ofEgypt. However, the spirals at both sides of the disc turn against the daily movement ofthe holy Sun. This feature deviates from the usual homage to the SunGod(Refs.14-21,33-37). From this aspect it can be concluded the disc also deals with historyof government. Such spirals are also found on the ring of Mavro Spilio (Ch.11), and asdecoration, for instance in the Palace of Knossos (Refs.8-10).The Phaistos Disc has 2 sides, encoding 2 generations. The front side has 31 passages,corresponding with a first generation of 31 years, and the back side has 30 passages,corresponding with a second generation of 30 years. It shows the headlines of govern-ment on Crete extended over a period of 2 generations, which lasted 31+30= 61 years. Italso shows side A deals with older history, and side B deals with more recent history. Theround disc represents the wheel of the law. So, each turn on the disc also correspondswith a time period of one double generation, which lasted 61 years.6.2 NEW PALACE CULTUREDurationThe back side describes more recent history. It possesses 4 turns, because Crete had a lateperiod of 4 double generations of good government. So, the 4 turns on the back side andthe total number of 61 passages indicate this late period lasted 4x61= 244 years (Table6.1). The 4 dots at the end of the spiral confirm the 4 double generations. The 4 passagesof the first paragraphs at both sides confirm it twice. The 4 vine-tendrils at the backside (Fig.5.2, Table 2.2), symbols of the good life on the island, confirm it, too.The "glove", "waterway" and "fish" occur 4 times on the back side, confirming the 4

2. double generations of the New Palace Culture. The "burin", "arrow" and "papyrus" occur4 times on the disc, confirming it, again.The disc has a diameter of 162mm, and a thickness of 20mm. The diameter/thickness-ratio of the disc confirms that this period lasted 162/20= 8 generations. The 4 flowerson the 2 sites of the disc confirm the late period of 4x2= 8 generations. The 8 petals ofthe flowers confirm it again. The disc contains 2 palaces and 6 temples, together2+6= 8 sacred buildings, confirming it again (Refs.1-7).This late period is once again confirmed, and maybe slightly corrected, by the total num-ber of 242 symbols on the disc, corresponding to a period of good government of 242years. So, the front side with 123 symbols describes the first 123 years, and the back sidewith 119 symbols describes the last 119 years. The 17 shields each contain 7 burls for atotal of 17x7= 119 burls, confirming this last number of very recent years.The total time period is indicated many times, because the disc deals with these recentyears in particular. It is known as the New Palace Culture, which we calculate from thePhaistos Disc as lasting from 1458+244= 1702 to 1458 (Ch.2). Archaeological researchconfirms this time period from c.1700-1450 BC (Refs.8-13). As is well-known, just afterthe year of 1458, when the disc was made, a civil war took place, at which all palaces,with the exception of Knossos, were destroyed.Civil WarThe Phaistos Disc was made in the year of 1458, represented by last passage B30 (Ch.2).This means the civil war occurred at the end of a second government generation,symbolized by the back side of the disc. So, passage B1 at this side represents the lastdouble generation, as well as the last generation, because the description of the history ofCrete starts at the center of the disc. Its translation reads: Take care for the course of thelaw. It states the reason of the civil war, which ended the New Palace Culture.Apparent-ly, the rulers of Crete did not take sufficient care for an appropriate course ofthe law. The sign of the course of the law in B1 occurs 4 times on the back side,confirming the 4 double generations of the New Palace Culture.Although less important, passage A1 on the front side may also represent the last doublegeneration and the last generation of this period. Again, the history of Crete starts at thecenter of the disc. Its translation reads: Please, proclaim it loudly. It emphasizes thereason of the civil war, mentioned in passage B1: Take care for the course of the law!.The signs of the flower and the burin in A1 occur 4 times on the disc, confirming the 4double generations of the New Palace Culture. There is no single trace of information onthe disc about another cause of this disaster. There was no vulcanic eruption, noearthquake, no collision with extra-terrestrial material, and no invasion of Mycaeneansfrom mainland Greece (Refs.8-13). 3. Fig.6.1 Large amphora-shaped vase found in a tomb at Prosymna, Argolid, the easternpeninsula of the Peloponnesus, 15th century (Courtesy I. Sailko, Refs.9,45). The 8 armsof the Octopus may refer to the 8 generations of the New Palace Culture at nearby Crete,1702-1458 BC.CreteThe back side has 30 passages. So, passage A5 on the front side may represent Crete, at alatitude of 30+5= 35N. The literal text of A5 reads: Cut it in shaved wood. It probablyshows, that woodworking industry on the island was important. The front side has 31passages. A22, the 4th passage on the edge, may represent the island, at 31+4= 35N. Itreads: Make a wooden flute to protect the King. It confirms, that woodworking wasimportant. A23, the 4th passage on the edge, skipping A19, may symbolize Crete, too. Itreads: The wood is the power of God! It confirms it, again. In Chapter 4, dealing withdaily life on the island, details are shown about size and nature of the woodworkingindustry. It appears, that Crete was more or less famous for this activity (Refs.8-10).KingsOne of the most important symbols is the groundplan of the Kings grave, shown inpassages A3 and A15. The symbol has also been identified on a stamp elsewhere in Crete(Ref.1). This grave has 2 identical parts, because the headlines of government in Creteextended over 2 generations. The 2 symbols of the grave on the disc confirm it. TheKings on Crete were the substitutes of the Cat-god and the Fish-god (Ch.5). So, one partof the grave is for the Cat-Kings, and the other part is for the Fish-Kings, while the 4. chamber in the center is the room of justice. Both sides of the grave turn out to have 4chambers. Each generation produced one King. So, the groundplan was made for the4x2= 8 Kings of the New Palace Culture. These 5+3= 8 Kings are shown on both edgesof the disc.PopulationThe "ordinary man" is shown twice in the first paragraph on the front side (Fig.5.3). He isplaced in the center of passages A1 and A4. This means there were 140,000 people onCrete, because a factor 10 smaller or greater would be in both cases unprobable. Inpassage A2 is a "messenger", confirming the 2 numbers (1 and 4), and in passage A6 is a"messenger", and even a "King", confirming the number has to be written down in 6figures. So, the population in 1458 BC, at the end of the New Palace Culture, wasc.140,000 men (Chs.2,3).Comet CatastropheThe first paragraph on the front side has 4 passages, corresponding with the 4 doublegenerations of the New Palace Culture. Passage A3 contains two corpses. This means,that 3 double generations ago, a major disaster happened. This is between 1458+3x61=1641, and 1641-61= 1580. The two corpses are with the feet connected, which is unusual.It means, that the total number of casualties is indicated by two consecutive passages withcorpses. These turn out to be the passages A25 and A26.Passage A25 has a glove and a corpse, indicating a possible number of 250,000casualties worldwide. The corpse in the next or 2nd passage A26 confirms the 2ndnumber (5), and the temple in A30 at the end of the passage shows the number has to bewritten down in 30-24= 6 figures. A26 contains a cover and a waterway, suggestingcontinuous floodings by the head and tail of a comet. The temple in A30 touchespassage A18 above it. It has a joined boat, corpse, which will indicate the date of theevent, as shown below. Passage A26 contains the series cover, waterway, corpse,showing an additional 260,000 casualties worldwide by floodings as a result of a comet.The King in the next or 2nd passage A27 confirms the 2nd number (6), and thecombination of shield, King in A31 at the end of the side indicates the number has tobe written down in 31-25= 6 figures. So, the total number of casualties of this CometCatastrophe was 250+260= c.510 thousand men, worldwide.The two corpses in passage A3 are placed upside down, which is unusual. The last corpsetouches the first one with its leg, and points to passage A9. The first corpse points to theQueen in B8. And indeed, passage A9 has two corpses, indicating a possible number of9,000 casualties on Crete, because a factor 10 less or more would be in both casesunprobable. A9 has a King, confirming the 1st number (9), and the combination of thecorpse and the King in A12 at the end of the passage confirms the number has to bewritten d