Central Gulf of Alaska Rockfish Pilot Program .Council recommends Rockfish Pilot Program (RPP)....

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Transcript of Central Gulf of Alaska Rockfish Pilot Program .Council recommends Rockfish Pilot Program (RPP)....

  • May 21, 2012

    Central Gulf of Alaska Rockfish Pilot Program

    Rachel Baker, Sustainable Fisheries, Alaska Region

  • Council recommends Rockfish Pilot

    Program (RPP).

    Fishing begins under RPP. Five year duration

    NMFS publishes FR

    for new program. Ten year duration.

    Consolidated Appropriations

    Act

    LAPP

    Quota for target and bycatch species

    Co-op formation

    required for catch

    allocation

    Fishing managed under LLP

    Council recommends program that complies with 303A of MSA

  • 3

    Overview of the fishery

    Gear types • Trawl mostly • A few longline (jig)

    Vessel size • Mid-size trawlers • 47 catcher vessels, 15 catcher/processors

    Operation • Corporations

    Location • Kodiak, Alaska

    Season • May 1 to November 15 each year

  • 4

    Economic goals

    Bring more fish on shore

    Remove the processing conflict with salmon

    Slow the fishery so more valuable products can be

    produced

    Stabilize the residential processing work force –

    particularly in May and June

    Rockfish Pilot Program was implemented to provide economic stability challenged by a race for fish and conflicts with other fisheries.

  • 5

    Rockfish Pilot Program Objectives

    Objectives Provide greater safety, security, and stability to harvesters and shoreside processors (economic goals)

    Avoid consolidation

    Recognize historical participants in the fishery

    Increase the value of the catch

    Avoid creating a disadvantage to participants in adjacent fisheries

    Enhance resource conservation by reducing bycatch and minimizing habitat damage that results from the use of trawl gear

  • 6

    Eligibility to receive exclusive harvest privileges

    • Made targeted legal landings of rockfish primary species during the qualifying years 1996–2002.

    Catcher vessels and catcher/processors

    • Persons who held the processing history of a processing facility and met a minimum amount of annual primary rockfish processing.

    Shoreside processors

  • 7

    Allocations

     Quota share allocations are made to eligible LLP licenses at the start of the program based upon catch history.

     These QS allocations remain constant throughout the length of the program.

     QS holders must join a cooperative annually to receive exclusive harvesting privileges called cooperative quota (CQ).

  • 8

    Allocation: species

    Primary species

    • Pacific Ocean Perch • Northern Rockfish • Pelagic Shelf Rockfish

    Secondary species

    • Pacific Cod • Sablefish • Thornyhead rockfish • Shortraker Rockfish • Rougheye Rockfish

    Prohibited Species

    Catch (PSC) • Pacific Halibut

  • 9

    Allocation: 4 ways to participate

    Cooperative • Annual CQ

    Limited Access Fishery • May join annually (no

    exclusive harvest privilege) • Fishery is issued a TAC

    Opt-out (C/P) • Annual, reduces some sideboard

    restrictions • QS associated with opt-out

    fishery is redistributed to the C/P sector in co-op and limited Access fishery

    Entry level Fishery (CV) • May participate annually if no QS is held by participant • 5% of the CGOA TAC of primary rockfish species

  • 10

    Allocation: Sideboards

     Sideboards limit the ability of rockfish harvesters to expand into other fisheries beyond historical participation levels during the month of July.

     Sideboards limit both:  the LLP license with rockfish QS assigned to it, and  the vessel on which legal landings were made that

    generated the rockfish QS.

  • 11

    Two ways to transfer • 1. May transfer LLP license

    (once per year) • 2. May transfers CQ

    between cooperatives • No restriction on post-

    delivery transfers

    Transferability

  • 12

    Excessive share caps

    4 types of use caps to limit degree of consolidation

    1. How much QS a person may hold

    2. How much QS may be assigned to a CV cooperative

    3. How much CQ a vessel may harvest

    4. How much CQ a processor may receive or process

  • 13

    Monitoring and enforcement

     Observer coverage  VMS

     Shoreside processors  Catch Monitoring and Control Plan (CMCP)  Observer must be available to monitor offloading

  • 14

    Impacts/challenges Program viable?

     Stakeholders benefited from objectives  Program focused on small number of trawlers in one

    area  Pilot program enabled the catch share program to get

    started  required review for a more permanent program

  • 15

    What’s happened since implementation?

    Provide greater safety, security and stability to harvesters and shoreside processors (economic goals)

    Avoid consolidation

    Recognize historical participants in the fishery

    Increase the value of the catch

    Avoid creating a disadvantage to participants in adjacent fisheries

    Enhance resource conservation by reducing bycatch and minimizing habitat damage that results from the use of trawl gear

    Review of Objectives:

  • 16

    0

    2,000,000

    4,000,000

    6,000,000

    8,000,000

    10,000,000

    12,000,000

    14,000,000

    16,000,000

    18,000,000

    May June July August September October November

    Pr im

    ar y

    R oc

    kf is

    h (lb

    s)

    Rockfish landings by month (2006-2010)

    2006 (pre-RPP)

    2007

    2008

    2009

    2010

    Pre-RPP

  • 17

    Important things to keep in mind

    New CGOA Rockfish Program implemented for 2012. Similar program in implementation, management

    monitoring, and enforcement  Discontinued the Limited Access Fishery  Restricted the Entry Level Fishery to longline gear only  Removed requirement for CV to deliver to a specific

    processor  Implemented a cost recovery program for all participants

  • 18

    Things to keep in mind (lessons learned)

     Extended seasons can help to stabilize employment;  Multispecies TAC allowances can help to reduce bycatch;  Increases in ex-vessel and wholesale prices may not be achieved

    where markets for higher quality products are missing;  Bycatch rollovers to fisheries that are used by program participants can

    create economic incentives to reduce bycatch;  It can take time for participants in a competitive fishery to adapt to

    cooperative practices;  Allowing cooperatives to transfer CQ provides additional flexibility that

    enables increased fishing efficiency.

  • 19

    Questions?

    Central Gulf of Alaska�Rockfish Pilot Program Slide Number 2 Overview of the fishery Economic goals Rockfish Pilot Program Objectives Eligibility to receive exclusive harvest privileges Allocations Allocation: species Allocation: 4 ways to participate Allocation: Sideboards Transferability Excessive share caps Monitoring and enforcement Impacts/challenges�Program viable? What’s happened since implementation? Slide Number 16 Important things to keep in mind Things to keep in mind�(lessons learned) Slide Number 19