Cell Membrane Transport: Osmosis

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Cell Membrane Transport: Osmosis

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Cell Membrane Transport: Osmosis. 8.1 Section Objectives – page 195. Section Objective:. Predict the effect of a hypotonic, hypertonic, or isotonic solution on a cell. Section 8.1 Summary – pages 195 - 200. Osmosis: Diffusion of Water. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Cell Membrane Transport: Osmosis

Page 1: Cell Membrane Transport: Osmosis

Cell Membrane Transport:Osmosis

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Section Objective:

• Predict the effect of a hypotonic, hypertonic, or isotonic solution on a cell.

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• Diffusion is the movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.

Osmosis: Diffusion of WaterOsmosis: Diffusion of Water

• In a cell, water always moves to reach an equal concentration on both sides of the membrane.

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• The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane is called osmosis.

Osmosis: Diffusion of WaterOsmosis: Diffusion of Water

• Regulating the water flow through the plasma membrane is an important factor in maintaining homeostasis within a cell.

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• Unequal distribution of particles, called a concentration gradient, is one factor that controls osmosis.

What controls osmosis?What controls osmosis?

BeforeOsmosis

AfterOsmosis

Water molecule

Sugar moleculeSelectively permeable membrane

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• Most cells whether in multicellular or unicellular organisms, are subject to osmosis because they are surrounded by water solutions.

Cells in an isotonic solutionCells in an isotonic solution

H2OH2O

Water MoleculeDissolved Molecule

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Cells in an isotonic solutionCells in an isotonic solution• In an isotonic

solution, the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is the same as the concentration of dissolved substances inside the cell.

H2OH2O

Water MoleculeDissolved Molecule

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Cells in an isotonic solutionCells in an isotonic solution

• In an isotonic solution, water molecules move into and out of the cell at the same rate, and cells retain their normal shape.

H2OH2O

Water MoleculeDissolved Molecule

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Cells in an isotonic solutionCells in an isotonic solution

• A plant cell has its normal shape and pressure in an isotonic solution.

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Cells in a hypotonic solutionCells in a hypotonic solution

• In a hypotonic solution, water enters a cell by osmosis, causing the cell to swell.

H2OH2O

Water MoleculeDissolved Molecule

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Cells in a hypotonic solutionCells in a hypotonic solution

• Plant cells swell beyond their normal size as pressure increases.

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Cells in a hypertonic solutionCells in a hypertonic solution

• In a hypertonic solution, water leaves a cell by osmosis, causing the cell to shrink.

H2O

H2O

Water MoleculeDissolved Molecule

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Cells in a hypertonic solutionCells in a hypertonic solution

• Plant cells lose pressure as the plasma membrane shrinks away from the cell wall.