CdnImm # 17 Understanding Francophone Immigration Issues Toronto, Sept. 26, 2013 Negotiating...

download CdnImm # 17 Understanding Francophone Immigration Issues Toronto, Sept. 26, 2013 Negotiating Francophone Identity: Issues for African and Caribbean Francophone

of 24

  • date post

    17-Dec-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    213
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of CdnImm # 17 Understanding Francophone Immigration Issues Toronto, Sept. 26, 2013 Negotiating...

  • Slide 1
  • CdnImm # 17 Understanding Francophone Immigration Issues Toronto, Sept. 26, 2013 Negotiating Francophone Identity: Issues for African and Caribbean Francophone Newcomers Lumembo Tshiswaka Promotion & Outreach Coordinator Etablissement. org
  • Slide 2
  • A constant question
  • Slide 3
  • Data sources Literature review Discussion forums on Etablissement. org Field Reports ( 2007-2012) Observations in the Francophone immigrant community
  • Slide 4
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Starting with a big question Low self - esteem identity query : Am I what I am or am I what others want me to be ?
  • Slide 5
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Identity creates us and we create it endlessly Mahmoud Darwich, Identity, Poems 1964 The present time is suffocating us and tears up the identities. This is why I would find my real me only tomorrow, when I would be able to say and to write something else. Identity is not a legacy, but a creation. It creates us and we create it endlessly. And we will only know it tomorrow. My identity is plural, diverse. Today, I am absent, tomorrow I will be present. I am trying to raise the hope as one who would raise a child. To be what I want and not what others want me to be
  • Slide 6
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones The complexity of the identity concept Basic concept with a remarquable formal configuration : to define oneself in relation to the other ( Heine & Licata, 2007 & 2009) Sequences : cultural identity, national, religious, sexual, plural Identity becomes more and more plural Search for identity is in constant construction ( Madibbo, 2008) Identity gives a sense to our existence
  • Slide 7
  • Identity : A plural concept Plural NationalGenderLinguisticProfessionalEthnicReligious
  • Slide 8
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Balanced Identity The search for identity balance, a field that has been less studied for Afro - Caribbean immigrants, implies at the individual level : Recognition of my personal identity; Recognition of my collective identity; My culture as I perceive it; Level of respect shown to me (image).
  • Slide 9
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Research Level The search for identity balance can be located at three levels: IndividualInstitutionCommunity
  • Slide 10
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Research for underlying factors Rejection Media negative image More visibility Self affirmation Lost in the dominant culture
  • Slide 11
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones At the individual level Everyday life Perception of surrounding environment Autonomy affirmation Identity as a defense mechanism Desire to be authentic
  • Slide 12
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones At the community level Language Linguistic vitality (provincial level) Linguistic vitality (ethnic level) Services Ethno-specific cultural agencies Organization of cultural events Education National language schools Living Arts and Culture exhibits
  • Slide 13
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones At the institutional level Independent churches that use French & national languages Faith Communities Provincial Union of Francophone Racial & Ethno-cultural Minorities Provincial Agencies Multiculturalism projects, visibility & flourishing of ethnic culture Access to Government Programs
  • Slide 14
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Self identity perception Francophone newcomers feel that their identities are maladjusted or affected by the following: Level 1 Canadian government Franco-Ontarian community Level 2 Francophone media French internet sites Level 3 Faith communities Neighborhood communities
  • Slide 15
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Categorization & identity lost Use of derogatory or discriminatory terms Imperfect statistical labels (here, we are just numbers) Allocation to lower social categories
  • Slide 16
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones A quick look at Francophone newcomers identities ProfessionalGender ReligiousSocio- cultural Poverty, single parenting, feeling of exclusion Christian, Muslim, Animist Unemployed, Temp & low paying jobs Patriarchy, Status of women status, Bias
  • Slide 17
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Identity is sacred Identity is sacred and non-negotiable. To the Francophone Newcomer, identity represents: Guiding principle # 1 What is most precious in his/her life Guiding principle # 2 What he/she cannot alienate without a valid cause Guiding principle # 3 What makes him/her distinct from other people
  • Slide 18
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Name : A Precious Identity In traditional Africa as it is today : Sacred Each name is sacred, either for a child or for an adult First Name is the first identity for the individual Consensus A name cannot be changed without the parents approval
  • Slide 19
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Search for a balanced identity Compromise Alienate a portion of my identity Able to be accepted Negotiation Assert one's contribution as any other Canadian Patriotism Balance Always seek balance Between acceptance and rejection
  • Slide 20
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Media and francophone identity Mainstream Media Newcomers often ignored; stereotypes spread Influence Weak weight for ethnic media; Francophone sites try to address the problem Second generation Does not recognize itself in parents culture
  • Slide 21
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Francophone identity & school curriculum Immigrant historical contribution often ignored in school programs; School curricula do not include newcomer students cultural elements; Teaching methods not adapted to students needs; Majority of teachers unfamiliar with students culture; Newcomer students parents not always involved in their kids education
  • Slide 22
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Reasons for negotiating Multiple identities conflicting in the context of a dominant culture ; Feeling of a lost identity that we once had in our home country ; Use of discriminatory vocabulary ( French stock, pure French ) that leaves the Francophone newcomer wondering ; Intense need to come out from the identity and cultural isolation which the dominant culture imposes on the Francophone newcomer
  • Slide 23
  • Etablissement.org Carrefour des nouveaux arrivants francophones Common used strategies Use of French at home Use of ethnic languages at home & other occasions Reinforce feelings of belonging & cohesion between newcomers from same cultural & linguistic backgrounds Production of ethno - cultural artifacts Reinforce collaboration & linguistic partnerships with the Franco - Ontarian community Teaching French to younger generations
  • Slide 24
  • To get a copy of this presentation, please send an email to : ltshiswaka @ ocasi. org ltshiswaka @ ocasi. org Thank you for your attention ! Any questions ?