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Transcript of CASE STUDY: Botswana and University of Botswana - chet.org.za/files/uploads/reports/Case Study -...

  • UniversitiesandEconomicDevelopmentinAfrica

    CASESTUDY:BotswanaandUniversityofBotswanaTracyBailey,NicoCloeteandPundyPillay

  • Contents

    Listoftablesandfigures.........................................................................................................v

    Acknowledgements..............................................................................................................vii

    Projectgroup.........................................................................................................................ix

    Acronymsandabbreviations..................................................................................................x

    Glossaryofterms...................................................................................................................xi

    HigherEducationandEconomicDevelopmentpublications..............................................xiv

    PART1:INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................1

    1.1 IntroductiontotheHigherEducationandEconomicDevelopmentproject...........1

    1.1.1 OverviewofHERANA...................................................................................1

    1.1.2 Projectfocusandprocess............................................................................2

    1.1.3 Theanalyticalframeworkforthestudy......................................................3

    1.1.4 Whattheprojectisnotdoing......................................................................5

    1.2 DatacollectionfortheBotswanacasestudy........................................................6

    1.3 Thefocusandstructureofthisreport...................................................................6

    PART2:THEBOTSWANACASESTUDY:BACKGROUNDANDCONTEXT............................8

    2.1 TheBotswanaeconomyandapproachtoeconomicdevelopment.......................8

    2.1.1 Economicdevelopment,competitivenessandinnovation.........................8

    2.1.2 Economicdevelopmentpolicyandplanning.............................................13

    2.2 TheBotswanahighereducationsystem..............................................................14

    2.2.1 Thesizeandshapeofthehighereducationsystem.................................14

    2.2.2 Highereducationexpenditureandfinancing............................................17

    2.3 TheUniversityofBotswana................................................................................18

  • UNIVERSITIESANDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTINAFRICA|BOTSWANACASESTUDY

    iii

    2.3.1 Keymomentsinthedevelopmentoftheinstitution................................18

    2.3.2 Governanceandstrategicobjectives........................................................19

    2.3.3 Institutionalfinances.................................................................................20

    PART3:THEROLEOFHIGHEREDUCATIONINBOTSWANA............................................22

    3.1 Introduction.......................................................................................................22

    3.2 Thenationalperspective....................................................................................23

    3.2.1 Keynationalstakeholdersinrelationtothepact.....................................23

    3.2.2 Theroleofhighereducationinnationalpolicies......................................23

    3.2.3 Governanceandpolicycoordination.........................................................24

    3.3 TheUniversityofBotswanaperspective.............................................................25

    3.3.1 Institutionalnarrative(s)ontheroleoftheuniversity..............................25

    3.3.2 Initiativesaroundresearchandinnovation...............................................31

    3.3.3 Initiativesaroundteachingandlearning...................................................36

    PART4:THEUNIVERSITYOFBOTSWANAACADEMICCORE...........................................40

    4.1 Introduction.......................................................................................................40

    4.2 SETenrolmentsandgraduations........................................................................42

    4.3 Postgraduateenrolmentsandgraduations.........................................................46

    4.4 Studentstaffratios.............................................................................................50

    4.5 Academicstaffqualifications..............................................................................54

    4.6 Researchfunding................................................................................................55

    4.7 Researchoutputs................................................................................................57

    PART5:THEENGAGEMENTANDDEVELOPMENTRELATEDACTIVITIESOFTHEUNIVERSITYOFBOTSWANA.............................................................................60

    5.1 Introduction.......................................................................................................60

    5.2 Engagementandlinkageswithexternalstakeholders........................................60

  • UNIVERSITIESANDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTINAFRICA|BOTSWANACASESTUDY

    iv

    5.2.1 Universitygovernmentindustrylinkages................................................63

    5.2.2 Incentives,rewardsandcoordination.......................................................68

    5.2.3 Summary....................................................................................................69

    5.3 Theconnectednessofdevelopmentactivitiestotheacademiccore...................69

    5.3.1 Abriefoverviewoftheprojectsandcentres............................................71

    5.3.2 Articulation................................................................................................77

    5.3.3 Contributiontostrengtheningtheacademiccore....................................82

    5.3.4 Analysisoftheconnectednessofdevelopmentprojects/centres............85

    PART6:KEYFINDINGS...................................................................................................88

    6.1 Introduction.......................................................................................................88

    6.2 SomemacroobservationsabouthighereducationandeconomicdevelopmentinBotswana.......................................................................................................89

    6.3 EvidenceofapactaroundtheroleofhighereducationinBotswana?................91

    6.3.1 Notionsoftheroleofknowledgeanduniversitiesindevelopment.........92

    6.4 TheacademiccoreoftheUniversityofBotswana..............................................96

    6.5 Coordinationandconnectedness......................................................................100

    6.5.1 Knowledgepolicycoordinationandimplementation.............................101

    6.5.2 Connectednesstoexternalstakeholdersandtheacademiccore...........104

    6.6 Concludingcomments......................................................................................106

    6.6.1 Factorsimpactingontheuniversityscapacitytocontributetodevelopment............................................................................................107

    Listofresources.................................................................................................................109

    Appendix1:ListofInterviewees.......................................................................................112

    Appendix2:Clusteranalysismethodologyanddata........................................................113

    Appendix3:Academiccoreratingdescriptions................................................................117

  • UNIVERSITIESANDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTINAFRICA|BOTSWANACASESTUDY

    v

    Listoftablesandfigures

    Tables

    Table2.1:GDPpercapitavs.HumanDevelopmentIndexinsubSaharanAfrica(2007).........9

    Table2.2:Selectedhighereducationandeconomicdevelopmentindicators.......................11

    Table2.3:Globalcompetitivenessandglobalinnovation......................................................13

    Table2.4:HighereducationinstitutionsinBotswana............................................................16

    Table2.5:UniversityofBotswanagovernmentincome(2000/20012006/2007)................20

    Table4.1:Botswana:Totalenrolmentsbyfieldofstudy(thousands)...................................43

    Table4.2:Comparisonoftotalscienceandtechnologyenrolments(thousands).................44

    Table4.3:Botswana:TotalSETgraduates..............................................................................45

    Table4.4:Comparisonoftotalscienceandtechnologygraduates........................................46

    Table4.5:Comparisonoftotalpostgraduateenrolmentsinallfieldsofstudy......................47

    Table4.6:Botswana:Masteranddoctoralenrolmentsandgraduates..................................48

    Table4.7:Comparisonofmastersanddoctoralenrolments..................................................49

    Table4.8:Comparisonofdoctoralgraduates.........................................................................50

    Table4.9:Botswana:FTEstudentsandacademicstaff..........................................................51

    Table4.10:Comparisonofpermanentacademicswithmastersanddoctoraldegrees(2007)...................................................................................................................54

    Table4.11:UniversityofBotswana:Researchoutputs..........................................................57

    Table5.1:Overviewofthedevelopmentrelatedprojects.....................................................76

    Table5.2:Articulatio