Careers Guide

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Employment opportunities and job roles in the media sector How to apply for a job

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  • 1. EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES AND JOB ROLES IN THE MEDIA SECTOR H O W T O A P P LY F O R A J O B CAREERS GUIDE
  • 2. EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES There are different job roles which are split into two categories, creative and non creative. Creative jobs being the more active jobs, where you go and do things while the non creative jobs handling the more technical side which is mainly office based. These jobs are sorted into their division: creative, editorial, technical: researched, financial, organisational and administrative. Different media sectors require different job roles, television production consists of more workers than a radio production. Television production requires more creative jobs as there is more equipment which needs to be used. While radio production would consist of more non creative job workers.
  • 3. RADIO Job Roles Broadcast Assistant Broadcast Assistants work in both speechbased and music Radio - offering practical support to Producers and Presenters. They undertake a wide range of key administrative tasks to ensure the smooth running of live and recorded radio programmes, and may also help with research, planning and production. Radio Presenter Radio Presenters are the voice of a station or programme, whether they work in speechbased or music Radio. They are responsible for creating the tone and style of Radio output and establishing a relationship with listeners Reporter The focus of the Reporter's role in Radio is to find and tell the stories that make up the news or current affairs output for the station or organisation for which they work. Radio Producer Radio Producers work in both speech-based and music Radio. Although they play a key role in creating what is heard by listeners, they are not usually heard on air themselves. Radio Traffic Manager Radio Traffic Managers in Commercial Radio are responsible for scheduling advertising and promotions in line with the business strategy of a radio station or group of stations, in order to ensure effectiveness and maximise revenue. Station Manager In Commercial radio, the focus of the Station Manager's role is sales: maximising revenue for the station, and managing its budget and resources. Station Managers are interdependent. Programme Controller Programme Controllers or Programme Directors are responsible for leading programme teams on Commercial Radio stations - to ensure that they produce programming which meets the creative and commercial needs of each station. Broadcast Journalist The majority of Broadcast Journalists working in Radio supply news content, for one or more different outlets, ranging from single local radio stations to international news organisations, and their related websites. Commercials Producer Commercials Producers create radio advertising and station promotions for radio stations. The work requires a combination of high level radio production skills with an understanding of the creative potential of Radio and audio content, in order to market and sell products and services.
  • 4. JOB ROLES Television Television is the mass media of the present time, reaching tens of millions instantly with sound and images, seeking to inform, educate and entertain. Art Director - Film & TV Art Directors facilitate the Production Designer's creative vision for all the sets and locations that eventually give productions their unique visual identity Camera Operator Camera Operator is a senior role within television camera departments, but precise responsibilities vary greatly depending on the type of production. Camera Operators need advanced technical skills, combined with creative skills, and must know how to operate the camera to achieve the desired result. Broadcast Journalist Broadcast Journalists are responsible for generating ideas, and for assessing the value and accuracy of ideas and information from other sources, researching background data, and presenting items for consideration by Editors, Commissioners, or other decision makers. Lighting Director By using the script or brief from the Production team they design the specific look required for each shot. They use their advanced technical skills to realise the design and, with the help of the rest of the lighting department, to set up and operate specialised lights and accessories. Presenters Presenters work at the front line of television. They introduce and host programmes, read the news, interview people and report on issues and events. As the number of channels increase, so do the openings, but opportunities to become a Presenter are still scarce and competition is fierce. Director Directors are responsible for the look and sound of a production and its technical standards; they interpret the Producer's and/or Writer's vision. Executive producer Executive Producers are responsible for the overall quality control of productions, and for ensuring that final products conform to commissioners' specifications. Sound Recordists Sound Recordists (also called Production Mixers) play an important role within the production process by ensuring that high quality sound is captured at all times. Vision mixer Vision Mixers edit programmes live (as they are being transmitted or recorded), using a variety of transition methods, such as cuts, mixes, wipes, frame manipulation, etc.
  • 5. WHERE TO LOOK FOR JOBS Advertisement Online/The internet Newspapers Word of mouth Poster/paper advertisements Shop windows Recruitment agencies Recruitment Websites University Careers Services
  • 6. HOW TO APPLY FOR A JOB Application form tips Online application forms Online forms can be longer and more complicated than paper forms follow the instructions carefully and check how many screens you have to fill in before you can submit your application. Some employers will ask for a personal statement. KEY TIPS: Be sure to read the questions carefully and answer them. If a question includes two or three sub-questions answer all of them. Write your first draft independent of the application form and check it for spelling and grammar Use spell checks, but be wary of them. If you write from' instead of form', for example, it will not be picked up. For UK applications avoid those that introduce American spellings like organize' and center'. Cut and paste your answers on to the form. Be careful if you are taking material from another application not to include the name of the other organisation. This is the quickest way to the reject pile. Don't waffle. Keep your answers succinct. Edit them for unnecessary words. Include key verbs relating to the job like organised, supervised, and liaised. Some employers scan for key words and reject forms not including them. Your final check should always be to read it through in every detail Paper application forms If youre filling in a form by hand, write as neatly as you can in black ink. Use block capital letters if the form asks you to.
  • 7. HOW TO APPLY FOR A JOB CV Tips Companies like the BBC receive a lot of applications, so its important you make yours stand out. With that in mind, here are some helpful hints and tips that you can use: Be concise and ensure your information has an impact Keep it simple and clear you can always elaborate at the interview Analyse the job description read the job description, identify which relevant skills, experience and competencies you have. If you dont, consider other experiences that could be appropriate Read the application questions carefully take time to think about each question and add your personality to your answer Summarise your key achievements at the top of your CV Dont have any unexplained gaps on your application. If you have had a career break or have been travelling, let them know Academic and professional qualifications should flow in a logical order Check your application before submitting. Check spelling and get a friend or family member to read through if it helps
  • 8. CIRICULUM VITAE (CV) A curriculum vitae (CV) provides an overview of a person's experience and other qualifications. You need to "sell" your skills, abilities, qualifications and experience to employers. What youll need to include: Personal details Education and qualifications Work experience Interests and achievements Skills References
  • 9. CURRICULUM VITAE (CV) Tips 1. Target your CV to the job you are applying for 2. Always send a covering letter unless the advert says not to 3. Keep your CV short No more than two pages, and keep it clear 4. Employment and education history should be in chronological order 5. Clear, attractive presentation is essential 6. Use action verbs e.g. managed, delivered, designed 7. Keep lists to a minimum 8. Be truthful but make sure you sell yourself 9. Highlight your achievements 10. Run and spelling and grammar check before sending to an employer
  • 10. CURRICULUM VITAE (CV) References A referee is a person who is in the position to recommend another individual for a job position. They will then be asked provide information about the person's qualifications, character, and dependability. Make sure your references know t