CANSA 2015 Kick Butt No Tobacco

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All forms of tobacco is dangerous!Tobacco-related diseases kill over 44 000 South Africans and nearly 6 million people worldwide annually, that is, one person every six seconds which amounts to one in 10 persons in the world.

Tobacco use increases the risk of cancer of the lungs, oesophagus, mouth, bladder, pancreas, kidney, stomach, cervix and breast

What you should know

What you should knowTobacco is addictiveTobacco and second-hand smoke contain over 1 400 dangerous and harmful chemicals including nicotine, the substance that makes tobacco so addictive. There is no known safe levels for second-hand smoke. Tobacco smoke contains over 300 cancer causing chemicals also known as carcinogensSmokeless tobaccoSmokeless tobacco products includes snuff, chewing-tobacco and snus. These products also increase the risk of cancer, especially oral cancers

What is really in cigarettes?81 cancer causing chemicals have so far been identified in cigarettes [according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)].

Some of these are:Acetone paint stripperAmmonia toilet cleanerArsenic rat poisonButane lighter fluidCarbon monoxide exhaust fumesNaphthalen mothballsPhenol disinfectant

What you should knowSecond-hand smoke is harmfulSecond-hand smoke contains twice as much tar and nicotine per unit volume as does smoke inhaled from a cigarette. Has 3x as much cancer-causing benzopyrene, 5x as much carbon monoxide, and 50x as much ammonia. Second-hand smoke from pipes and cigars is equally as harmful. Causes lung cancer and contributes to the development of heart diseaseNo under 18-year old is allowed to buy tobacco productsThe law states that no person shall sell or supply any tobacco product to any person under the age of 18 years

Is smoking really worth it?

You decideI used to think it wouldnt happen to me. I wont get cancer, but I was wrong. I had my voice-box removed because of smoking. I now breathe through a hole in my throat. Please quit while you can stillbreath and talk.

Dennis Woest - Cancer Survivor

Starting young leads to addiction!Young adulthood is the most susceptible and vulnerable period to start using tobacco products. The resting heart rate of youth that smoke is faster than those of their peersLong-term effects before the age of 18 include chronic diseases:Lung and stomach cancer,Stroke and Heart diseaseResearch shows that there is a strong link between active cigarette smoking in young people and addiction to nicotine; reduced lung function; lung growth and asthmaElectronic cigarettes not safe!Electronic cigarettes are battery-operated devices designed to look like regular tobacco cigarettes.E-cigarettes may contain nicotine and other harmful chemicalsE-cigarettes are controlled by the Medicines Control Council in South Africa and is available only by prescription in a pharmacy

How bad is hookah / hubbly bubbly?Hookah and cigarette smoke both contain poisons, including nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, arsenic, and lead. Arsenic is used as a rat poison, and carbon monoxide is a deadly gas also found in motor car exhaust. Even in small amounts, lead can make children hyperactive, irritable and cause brain damageThe water in the hookah DOES NOT filter out the toxic ingredients in the tobacco smokeHow bad is hookah / hubbly bubbly?A hookah smoker takes about 100 puffs in a single (45 minute) session, while a cigarette smoker takes about 10 puffs per cigarette. So smoking one hookah pipe can give you as much nicotine as smoking 10 cigarettes. Ofcourse, it is the tar in tobacco smoke thatcauses cancer. Smoke produced in a typical hookahsmoking session can contain about 36times more tar, and about 8 timesmore carbon monoxide, than thesmoke from a single cigarette

Time to Kick ButtCANSAs eKick Butt programme - an unique online smoking cessation programme. Through a series of emails, surveys and downloads, it guides you and mentors quitting smoking and non-smoking becomes a lifelong habit, not merely the time interval between two cigarettes. This programme supplies a series of handy tools tried and tested to help one quit for good.

eKick Butt has helped nearly 4 000 peoplewho wanted to quit

Imagine a healthier you?Quitting tobacco can have a positive effect on your health and lifestyle:Reducing the cancer riskLower heart rate and blood pressureBreathing betterBeing able to walk without shortness of breathLiving a longer and healthier lifeHaving more physical energyBeing a good role model for childrenand youth

Timeline of quitting20 minutes after last cigarette: blood pressure and pulse rate drops; body temperature rises toward normal

8 hours after quitting: carbon monoxide level in blood drops to normal; oxygen level rises to normal

24 hours after quitting: chance of a heart attack decreases

48 hours after quitting: nerve endings start re-growing; ability to smell and taste is enhanced

After 2 weeks to 3 months: circulation improves; walking becomes easier; lung function improvesTime of quittingAfter 1 to 9 months decrease in coughing, sinus congestion, fatigue, shortness of breath

After 1 year: excess risk of coronary heart disease is decreased to half that of a smoker

After 5 to 15 years: stroke risk is reduced to that of people who have never smoked

After 10 years: risk of lung cancer drops to as little as one-half that of continuing smokers; risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, oesophagus, bladder, kidney, and pancreas decreases; risk of ulcer decreases

After 15 years: risk of coronary heart disease is now similar to that of people who have never smoked; risk of death returns to nearly the level of people who have never smoked.

Know the law its your right to a smoke-free worldParliament proclaimed that two Acts which amend South Africas tobacco control laws are now in operation and passed in 2007 and 2008Legislation is very clear about where people may smoke and where smoking is prohibitedIts your right to complain when someone smokes in your presenceIts also your right to take remedial steps if someone smokes in any area where smoking is prohibitedKnow the law its your right to a smoke-free worldAdults may not smoke in a car when a passenger under 12 years is presentSmoking is not allowed in premises (including private homes) used for commercial childcare activities, such as crches, or for schooling or tutoringNo person under 18 may be allowed into a designated smoking areaNo smoking in partially enclosed public places such as balconies, covered patios, verandas, walkways, parking areas, etc.The fine for the owner of a restaurant, pub, bar and workplace that breaks the smoking law is a maximum of R50 000 and for the individual smoker R500The tobacco industry can no longer use viral marketing like parties to target young peopleThe sale of tobacco products to and by persons under the age of 18 years is prohibitedCigarette vending machines that sell tobacco products cannot be used to sell other products like crisps, chocolates etc.Keep your environment smoke-freeKeep your environment smoke-free and report all non-compliance of the Tobacco Control Act to the Environmental Health Officer of the local municipality where the incident occurred.

Take the pledge to raise awareness about World No Tobacco DayImagine a world without cancer tobacco?

Pledge to be tobacco-free and share a messageWrite on our CANSA website wallShare a photo of yourself with your pledge /message on social media using the hashtag #KickButtWorldNoTobaccoDay

Take the pledge to raise awareness about World No Tobacco Day Pledge a donation help CANSA to educate and reduce the cancer risk a R300 donation will enable us to produce 600 educational pamphlets about the dangers of tobacco, making the public aware of screeningavailable, cancer symptoms and how to reduce thecancer risk

Make an easy donation throughtheSnapscanmobile phone app:

The EndThank You

www.cansa.org.zaToll-free 0800 22 66 22Whilst the Cancer Association of South Africa (CANSA) has taken every precaution in compiling this presentation, neither it, nor any contributor(s) to this presentation can be held responsible for any action (or the lack thereof) taken by any person or organisation wherever they shall be based, as a result, direct or otherwise,of information contained in, or accessed through, this presentation.Whilst the Cancer Association of South Africa (CANSA) has taken every precaution in compiling this presentation, neither it, nor any contributor(s) to this presentation can be held responsible for any action (or the lack thereof) taken by any person or organisation wherever they shall be based, as a result, direct or otherwise,of information contained in, or accessed through, this presentation.