Canada’s Directions in Settlement Language Training: Improving Newcomer Outcomes Anne Senior,...
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- Canadas Directions in Settlement Language Training: Improving Newcomer Outcomes Anne Senior, CCLB Yves Saint-Germain, CIC Mourad Mardikian, MCIIT
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- Agenda CCLB presentation CIC presentation MCIIIT presentation Question period
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- Why are national standards important? By articulating standards for language proficiency, all stakeholders can now speak a common language and make informed decisions regarding settlement, training and employment opportunities. CLB 2000: A Guide to Implementation, page 9
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- CLB and NCLC The Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) and les niveaux de comptence linguistique canadiens are national standards for adult immigrants and prospective immigrants for living, studying and working in Canada. CLB are almost 20 years old! NCLC are a little younger.
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- Why were they developed? The CLB /NCLC were developed by CIC in the mid-1990s to meet the needs of stakeholders working with adult immigrants in Canada: To provide a common framework for second language teachers/administrators across Canada on which to develop classroom curricula and assessment tools. For use across community, work and school contexts. For use in provincial and national language training programs.
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- CLB structure Progression is based on 3 factors: Progressively more demanding communication tasks Progressively more demanding contexts Progressively higher expectations of effectiveness and quality of communicative competence Describe competency in four skill areas: 7
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- Communicative competence CLB describe language in terms of communicative competence: Communicative competence enables language users to express themselves in spoken and written texts, to interact with other speakers and writers, and to negotiate with others in a range of specified situations and social settings. Learning a language involves developing both communicative performance and communicative knowledge. Communicative competence takes into account socio-linguistic competence, pragmatic competence, and grammatical competence, etc. Essential to the notion of communicative competence are: the important role played by the context of discourse. the concept that language takes places in a setting and occurs for a purpose. that language speakers should be evaluated on their ability to use language to accomplish a set of tasks, under specifically defined performance and situational conditions.
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- Role of the CCLB CCLB/CNCLC is the national, not-for-profit centre of expertise in support CLB and NCLC. It was founded in 1998 with support from federal and provincial governments. It worked with funders to revise the standards in 2012 to meet increasing demands for their usage in a variety of low-and high-stakes purposes.
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- Increased rigor 2010-12, CLB and NCLC were revised to reflect their increasing use in a variety of different context including high- stakes ones. Revision process included the development of a common theoretical framework based on a communicative competency model. The final stage of the revision/renewal process was a comprehensive validation process. Literacy document has now been revised: CLB ESL for ALL (Adult Literacy Learners)
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- Theoretical framework behind CLB/NCLC Reflects models of language ability promoted by Bachman (1990), Bachman & Palmer (1996, 2010) and Celce-Murcia et al. (1995). For more information, refer to the Introduction section (pp. VI, VII) of the CLB/NCLC Common Theoretical Framework. LANGUAGE KNOWLEDGE Organizational Knowledge Grammatical Knowledge Textual KnowledgeSTRATEGIC COMPETENCE Pragmatic Knowledge Functional Knowledge Socio-linguistic Knowledge 11
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- Tools and Resources Tests for placement: CLBA, CLBPT, CLBLA, CLB-PT, ELTPA, WLA, BTC Tests for high-stakes: Milestones, BTR Tests for employment: CELBAN, ECLAB Classroom resources: PBLA, Exit Tasks, SAM, Guide to Implementation, Curriculum guidelines Resources for employment Tutela.ca
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- Language standards and employment CCLB Works with employers, sectors, counsellors Uses experts to correlate language standards with Essential Skills or to benchmark occupations Develops tools for training, assessing, and analyzing language levels for workplace/ pre- employment training Result Higher stakes application of the CLB/ NCLC Increased knowledge of the language demands of benchmarked occupations Accountable tools that fairly assess language according to the needs of the occupation Support for employment and training decisions
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- [email protected] www.language.ca www.tutela.ca Visit us at Booth 1928 Any questions
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- TESOL 2015 International Convention & English Language Expo Canadas Directions in Settlement Language Training: Improving Newcomer Outcomes March 27, 2015 Yves Saint-Germain
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- Copyright [Citizenship and Immigration Canada, 2015]. This work is the intellectual property of the author. Permission is granted for this material to be shared for non-commercial, educational purposes, provided that this copyright statement appears on the reproduced materials and notice is given that the copying is by permission of the author. To disseminate otherwise or to republish requires written permission from the author. 17
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- Outline Department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada Settlement Program Settlement Language Programming Expected Outcomes of Language Programming Standardization in Language Development Formal Language Training National Placement and Progression Guidelines Curriculum Guidelines Portfolio Based Language Assessment Partners and Stakeholders 18
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- Selects foreign nationals and offers protection to refugees. Develops Canadas admissibility policy, which sets the conditions for entering and remaining in Canada. In collaboration with its partners, conducts the screening of potential permanent and temporary residents to protect the health, safety and security of Canadians. Helps immigrants and refugees settle and integrate into Canadian society and the economy, and by encouraging and facilitating Canadian citizenship. Reaches out to all Canadians and fosters increased intercultural understanding and an integrated society with equal opportunity for all, regardless of race, ethnicity and religion. Department of Citizenship and Immigration 19
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- Assists immigrants and refugees to overcome barriers specific to the newcomer experience (such as a lack of official language skills and limited knowledge of Canada) so that they can participate in social, cultural, civic and economic life in Canada. 20 CICs Settlement Program Needs Assessments and Referrals Formal reviews of client needs, leading to referrals to settlement and other community-based services Information and Orientation Information to better understand life in Canada and make informed settlement decisions Language and Skills Development Supports to develop official language skills to live and work in Canada Employment-Related Services Skills and supports to find employment commensurate with skills and education Community Connections Services to connect clients with the broader community, public institutions and community organizations Support Services Childcare, transportation assistance, translation and interpretation, crisis counselling and provisions for persons with a disability
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- Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC) and Cours de langue pour les immigrants au Canada (CLIC) provide training, from literacy to advanced levels, to help newcomers develop the skills needed to function in Canadian society and contribute to the economy. Programming covers aspects of living in Canada, job search skills, and cross-cultural communication to help newcomers find work and integrate into their communities. Labour market language training offers job-specific programming (mainly at higher proficiency levels), coupled with mentoring and work placements to speed up the transition to employment. Occupation-specific language training assists newcomers at intermediate language levels who have training or experience in a specific occupation or sector with the language and workplace cultural skills required to communicate effectively on the job. Settlement Language Programming 21
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- Expected Outcomes of Language Programming 22 Efforts to standardize language training in Canada are guided by expected outcomes of the Settlement Program, which includes the following outcomes: Immediate: Clients learn official language skills and other skills for adapting to Canadian society Intermediate: Clients use Canadas official languages to function and participate in Canadian society Ultimate: Newcomer settlement and integration is supported in Canadian society Newcomers contribute to the economic, social, and cultural development needs of Canada
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- Standardization in Language Development Standardization and national consistency in the quality of programming supports strong newcomer language outcomes. LINC and CLIC apply the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) and Niveaux de competence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) as the national standard for planning curricula and asses