Camouflage of Animals

21
A daptati ons - Camou f l age  

Transcript of Camouflage of Animals

Page 1: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 1/21

Adaptations - Camouflage 

Page 2: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 2/21

What are adaptations? 

Special characteristics that help organismssurvive in their natural habitats

Page 3: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 3/21

Types of adaptations 

Adaptations

Structural

(Special body

parts)

Behavioural

(Special ways an

organismbehaves)

Page 4: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 4/21

Purposes of adaptation 

Adaptations for Movement

- to move about efficiently to hunt for food

and escape from danger

Adaptations for Protection

- To protect the animals from theirpredators or against the temperature of 

their environment

Page 5: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 5/21

Adaptations for Protection 

Adaptations for protection

Camouflage Body coverings

Page 6: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 6/21

Camouflage 

- Blending in with the surroundings or

habitat

Animals are less likely to be eaten by

predators and more likely to catch

their prey

Better chance of survival

Page 7: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 7/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(1) Have colour and/or body shape that blend

into the surroundings

Polar Bear Cricket

Page 8: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 8/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(1) Have colour and/or that blend into the

surroundings (continued)

Leaf Insect  Stick Insect 

Page 9: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 9/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(1) Have colour and/or body shape that blend

into the surroundings (continued)

Stonefish

 – looks like a rock 

- has hardly visible

mouth and eyes

Page 10: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 10/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(2) Change their colours to blend into

surroundings

Octopus – just starting to

change its colour

Change in colour is

complete

Page 11: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 11/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(2) Change their colours to blend into the

surroundings (continued)

Flatfish lying on a sandy

seabed

Flatfish lying on a pebbled

seabed

Page 12: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 12/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(2) Change their colours to blend into the

surroundings (continued)

Chameleon blending in

with the green plants

Changing to brown colour

Page 13: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 13/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(2) Change their colours to blend into the

surroundings (continued)

Find the

katydid

in

each

picture

1 2

3 4

Page 14: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 14/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(3) Change their colours at different times of the

year

Arctic Fox in Summer Arctic Fox in Winter

Page 15: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 15/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(3) Change their colours at different times of the

year (continued)

Arctic Hare in Summer Arctic Hare in Winter

Page 16: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 16/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(4) Have ‘eyespots’ 

Butterfly fish Moth

Page 17: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 17/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(5) Use colours and patterns to look like another

organism (Mimicry)

Non-toxic viceroy butterfly -

Its colors and wing patterns are

similar to those of the monarch 

butterfly

Toxic monarch butterfly –  

Its bright orange wings are a

warning to birds to leave it alone

Page 18: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 18/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(5) Use colours and patterns to look like another

organism (Mimicry)

Leafy seadragon

looks live leavesHawk moth caterpillar

mimicking a snake

Page 19: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 19/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(6) Have stripes or spots to blend in

Spots and patches

on leopards

Vertical Stripes

on tigers

Page 20: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 20/21

Forms of Camouflage 

(6) Have stripes or spots to blend in (continued)

Black and white stripes on zebras-Blend in with the surroundings at night

- Difficult for the lion to pick out the weakest

zebra when the zebras run in all directions

Page 21: Camouflage of Animals

7/28/2019 Camouflage of Animals

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/camouflage-of-animals 21/21

Forms of camouflage 

Have colour and /or body shape that blend

into the surroundings

Changes colour to blend into the surroundings

Changes colour at different times of the year

Have ‘eyespots’ 

Use colours and patterns that look like anotherorganism

Have stripes or spots to blend into the

surroundings