2. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Key aspects of portrait photography Catchlights - sparkle in the eye. This implies innocence Eye-level - Insure the level is the same as this can create the illusion they are powerful or week. Ensuring the eyes are sharp show emotion, talk to people looking in their eyes. Contrast make sure the background is a clear colour or not distracting. 3. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Key aspects of portrait photography Natural pose and communication doing this make sure the model feels natural and comfortable. Background insure colours are correct and not too distracting. Focal length use long focal length. Min 18mm lens. Aperture use appropriate aperture to insure the image is sharp. Min f5.6 f11 Composition eliminate head room, too much space above could have been used below (chest) use rule of thirds. 4. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Split Lighting What is it? Split lighting is one of the most basic lighting set ups used in portrait photography. A light source is placed 90 degrees from the subject, usually slightly higher than eye level and lighting one side of the face therefore leaving the other half of the face in shadow. 5. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Rembrandt Lighting What is it? Rembrandt lighting is similar to split lighting, one side of the face is light but unlike split lighting, the other half of the face is immersed with shadow with a triangle of light just under the eye. Why is it an effective lighting method? A Rembrandt lighting set up is simple to do and can create a moody tone to the image because one half of the face is shadowed. 6. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Butterfly Lighting What is it? It is where a light is placed behind the photography, directly facing the individual, this technique insures the subject is lit all the way around the face. Why is it an effective lighting method? This method allows for an even lighting across the face, which can be used when producing imagery of an older individual. 7. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Backlighting (Rim light) What is it? Backlighting means the main light source is behind the subject. It is illuminating a subject from the back. Why is it an effective lighting method? It is used by many photographers to create a certain look to the images, it creates a halo effect. Most of the time, facing the sun causes people to squint and creates an unflattering lighting therefore, facing people with their back to the sun creates better images. 8. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Hi-key lighting What is it? Hi-Key lighting is used to create a good mood within the image, this particular lighting method insures there are no shadows on the subject and this is particularly noticeable when the subject is a person. Hi-Key produces soft, bright and low contrast images and the lighting ratio is around 1:1. therefore, all thats left within the image is the strong details of the subject. 9. PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY Lo-key lighting What is it? Low key lighting creates deep shadows around the structure of the subject where the lighting ratio is very high. It is a moody and dark lighting to create emotion or mood within the image.