Breeding vs. Artificial Insemination: A Cost Comparison ... we do/senior theses/2010_03_29...Natural...

download Breeding vs. Artificial Insemination: A Cost Comparison ... we do/senior theses/2010_03_29...Natural Breeding vs. Artificial Insemination: A ... – Bulls with high genetic merit

of 23

  • date post

    27-Mar-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    216
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Breeding vs. Artificial Insemination: A Cost Comparison ... we do/senior theses/2010_03_29...Natural...

  • NaturalBreedingvs.ArtificialInsemination:ACostComparisonAnalysis

    ByPatrickJacobsen

  • TableofContents Introduction Problem StudyAssumptions NaturalBreedingCosts ArtificialInseminationCosts Results SimilarStudies ConclusionofNaturalBreeding ConclusionofArtificialInsemination OverallConclusion Recommendations OptionsforFurtherStudies WorksCited Discussion&Questions

  • Introduction

    NaturalBreeding Mainlypurchasedfromseedstockproducers Breedingsoundnessexam Bullsareturnedoutduringdesiredbreedingseason

    ArtificialInsemination DevelopedbytwoRussianscientistsintheearly1900s

    Allowsbullswithhighgeneticmeritavailabletoeveryone.

    Usedwidelyinthedairyindustry Howisitdone?

  • Problem

    Whichtypeofbreedingismorecostefficient? Severalcostsassociatedwithbothtypes Differentbulltocowratios Differentconceptionrates Differentsynchronizationmethods

  • StudyAssumptions

    BasedonaveragepricesinSoutheasternWyoming Basedona500headcowherd Costsfiguredonaperheadbasis Cleanupbullcostsbasedonnaturalbreedingfiguresfromthisstudy.

    AllcowsareAIonetime,andonly75%receivetheprostaglandinshot.

    Noadditionalgeneticswereaccountedforjustthecosttogetthecowbred

    Assumedallpasturesandfacilitiesareowned

  • NaturalBreedingCosts

    AveragePriceofBulls Fiveyearlifeexpectancy

    Feed Alfalfagrassmix,wheathay,proteinbarrels,mineral,salt.

    VetCosts Bullsoundnessexam,Ivormectin

    LaborandEquipment

  • NaturalBreedingCostsContinued

    Costs Amount Rate TotalCostAverageBullCost 17 2500 8500

    Feed:

    AlfalfaGrassMix 3.15 95 5087.25

    WheatHay 3.15 70 3748.5

    ProteinBarrels 0.06 85 86.7

    Mineral 60 0.48 489.6

    Salt 30 0.15 76.5

    Vaccine&VetCosts:

    IvormecPourOn 0.018 50 15.3

    SemenTest 1 35 595

    Labor&Equipment 182.5 10 1825

    CumulativeTotal 20423.85

    TotalCostPerHead 40.85

    NaturalBreeding:Basedon500headofcowsandabullcovering30cows

  • NaturalBreedingCostsContinued

    Costs Amount Rate TotalPriceAverageBullCost 20 2500 10000

    Feed:

    AlfalfaGrassMix 3.15 95 5985

    WheatHay 3.15 70 4410

    ProteinBarrels 0.06 85 102

    Mineral 60 0.48 576

    Salt 30 0.15 90

    Vaccine&VetCosts:

    IvormecPourOn 0.018 50 18

    SemenTest 1 35 700

    Labor&Equipment 182.5 10 1825

    CumulativeTotal 23706

    TotalCostPerHead 47.41

    NaturalBreeding:Basedon500headofcowsandabullcovering25cows

  • NaturalBreedingCostsContinued

    Costs Amount Rate TotalPriceAverageBullCost 25 2500 12500

    Feed:

    AlfalfaGrassMix 3.15 95 7481.25

    WheatHay 3.15 70 5512.5

    ProteinBarrels 0.06 85 127.5

    Mineral 60 0.48 720

    Salt 30 0.15 112.5

    Vaccine&VetCosts:

    IvormecPourOn 0.018 50 22.5

    SemenTest 1 35 875

    Labor&Equipment 182.5 10 1825

    CumulativeTotal 29176.25

    TotalCostPerHead 58.35

    NaturalBreeding:Basedon500headofcowsandabullcovering20cows

  • ArtificialInseminationCosts

    Semen OneShotProstaglandin

    Whatisit?/Howisitused? TechnicianFeesandOtherLabor SemenTankandAIGuns MiscellaneousCosts

    AIStraws,Gloves,Lube CleanupBulls

  • ArtificialInseminationCostsContinued

    ArtificialInsemination:Basedon500headanda80%ConceptionRate

    Costs Amount Rate TotalCost Avg.Cost/Hd.Semen 500 20 10000 20OneShotProstaglandin 375 5 1875 3.75TechnicianFees 500 7.5 3750 7.5OtherLabor 67.5 10 675 1.35AISemenTankandGuns 1 300 300 0.6MiscellaneousCosts 500 0.35 175 0.35CleanBulls 100 47.41 4741 9.482

    TotalCosts 21516TotalCostsPerHead 43.03 43.03

  • ArtificialInseminationCostsContinued

    ArtificialInsemination:Basedon500headanda70%ConceptionRate

    Costs Amount Rate TotalCost Avg.Cost/Hd.Semen 500 20 10000 20OneShotProstaglandin 375 5 1875 3.75TechnicianFees 500 7.5 3750 7.5OtherLabor 67.5 10 675 1.35AISemenTankandGuns 1 300 300 0.6MiscellaneousCosts 500 0.35 175 0.35CleanBulls 150 47.41 7111.5 14.223

    TotalCosts 23886.5TotalCostsPerHead 47.77 47.77

  • ArtificialInseminationCostsContinued

    ArtificialInsemination:Basedon500headanda60%ConceptionRate

    Costs Amount Rate TotalCost Avg.Cost/Hd.Semen 500 20 10000 20OneShotProstaglandin 375 5 1875 3.75TechnicianFees 500 7.5 3750 7.5OtherLabor 67.5 10 675 1.35AISemenTankandGuns 1 300 300 0.6MiscellaneousCosts 500 0.35 175 0.35CleanBulls 200 47.41 9482 18.964

    TotalCosts 26257TotalCostsPerHead 52.51 52.51

  • Results

    Natural Breeding: 20:1 25:1 30:1

    Cost/ Head $58.35 $47.41 $40.85

    Artificial

    Insemination:

    60% Conception Rate 70% Conception Rate 80% Conception Rate

    Cost/Head $52.51 $47.77 $43.03

  • ResultsContinued

    Basedsolelyoncostsitisthemostcostefficienttonaturallybreedconsideringa30:1bulltocowratio.

    Therearemanyfactorsthateffectonesdecision.

  • SimilarStudies

    MississippiStateUniversity 100head(85cowsand15heifers) Differentsynchronizationmethod 25:1bulltocowratio Usedanabnormalamountofcleanupbulls

    BryanWilson UniversityofWyoming Variousherdsizesandsynchronizationmethods 20:1bulltocowratio Basedonthestudyheassumeda92%conceptionrate

  • ConclusionofNaturalBreeding

    Pros Lesslaborintensive LessriskythenAI Cheapermorerealisticchoiceformostoperations

    Cons Typicallyalongercalvingseason Takeslongertointroducenewgenetics Lessuniformitywithintheherd

  • ConclusionofArtificialInsemination

    Pros Bullswithhighgeneticmeritareavailabletoeveryone

    Possibilityofincreasedcalfperformance Optiontosellcalvesinavalueaddedmarket

    Cons Morelaborintensive Moreriskinvolved Tendstobemoreexpensive

  • OverallConclusion

    Geneticpotentialmaypayoffmoreintheend Higherweaningweights Higherqualityreplacementheifers Differentmarketingoptions

    Outcomesmayvaryupononthese Onetypeofbreedingmaybemoreefficientinadifferentoperation.

  • Recommendations

    Oneshouldconsidereachoptionanddeterminewhatisbestforthem.

    TrytoincorporateAIwithinyouroperationtoreceivehigherqualityreplacements HeifersandBulls

    Beawareoftrendsandnewtechnologywithinthefieldofstudy.

  • OptionsforFurtherStudies

    Whatisthemostefficientbulltocowratioinatypicalherd?

    IstherereallyvalueaddedtoAIcattle? WhatisanormalconceptionratewhendealingwithAI?

    Isthereanidealcombinationofthetwotypesofbreeding?

  • WorksCited Inc,Durvet."Ivermectin PourOnforCattle."DrugInformationOnlinie.NorthAmericanCompendiums,02Feb2010.Web.1Mar2010.

    .(Inc) Bagley,Clell,andCraigBurrell."UnderstandingBullBreedingSoundnessExams."AnimalHealthFactSheet.UtahStateUniversityExtension,01Jul

    1997.Web.25Feb2010..(Bagley,andBurrell) Wilson,Timothy."EstrousSynchronizationforBeefCattle."CooperativeExtensionService.TheUniversityofGeorgiaCollegeofAgriculturaland

    EnvironmentalSciences,01Jun2003.Web.10Feb2010..(Wilson) DuPonte,Michael,andKaraLee."ThreeSimplifiedEstrusSynchronizationProgramsforHawaiis BeefBreedingSeason."CooperativeExtension

    Service.DepartmentofHumanNutrition,FoodandAnimalSciences,01Apr2007.Web.05Mar2010..(DuPonte,andLee)

    Anderson,John,JustinRhinehart,andJaneParish."EconomicImpactofArtificialInseminationvs.NaturalMatingforBeefCattleHerds."TheBeefsite.com.MississippiStateExtensionService,01May2008.Web.1Mar2010..(Anderson,Rhinehart,andParish)

    pbcattle,."BulltoCowRatio."PurebredCattlePages.pbcattle.com,01Jan1990.Web.4Jan2010..(pbcattle)

    USDANASS,WyomingFieldoffice."WyomingAgStatsitics."2009.(WyomingAgStatisticsBook) Rangeland,."RangeLand AllStockTub."FREECHOICESUPPLEMENTFORSHEEP,GOATSANDBEEFCATTLEONFORAGEDIETS.LandOLakes,01Oct

    2004.Web.6Feb2010..(Rangeland) Vigortone,."FreeChoiceMineralIntakeofBeefCattle."TechnicalBulletin.Vigortone,01Apr2007.Web.2Mar2010.

    .(Vigortone) Foote,R.H."TheHistoryofArtificialInsemination:SelectedNotesandNotables."JournalofAnimalScience.2002.CornellUniversity.18Feb.2010

    .(Foote,R.H.) Rouge,Melissa,andR.Bowen."SemenCollection."CollectionandEvaluationofSemen.ColoradoStateUniversity,11Aug2002.Web.22Feb2010.

    .(Rouge,andBowen) Webb,Daniel."ArtificialInseminationinDairyCattle."UniversityofFloridaIFASExtension.UniversityofFlorida,01Jun2003.Web.4Mar2010.

    .(Webb) BVC.CostofIvormectin PatrickJacobsen.1March2010. Clinic,LaramiePeakVet.PriceofBullSoundnessExam PatrickJacobsen.1March2010. Darr,Jerimiah.BullSaleAverage PatrickJacobsen.2March2010. Grain,PineBluffsFeedand.PriceofProteinTubs PatrickJacobsen.March12010. Haus,Kenny.BullSaleAverage PatrickJacobsen.2March2010. Jacobsen,Brian.PriceofWheatHay PatrickJacobsen.2March2010.

  • Discussion&Questions