Botswana: Overview

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Botswana: Overview. His Excellency Mr. Molosiwa Selepeng High Commissioner. Botswana High Commission Canberra, Australia. GEOGRAPHY. Botswana is located in the heart of Sothern Africa, its capital city being Gaborone - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Botswana: Overview

  • His Excellency Mr. Molosiwa SelepengHigh CommissionerBotswana High CommissionCanberra, Australia

  • Botswana is located in the heart of Sothern Africa, its capital city being Gaborone

    It is landlocked and surrounded by South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Zambia

  • Botswana is roughly the size of the USA state of Texas or France, spanning over 581 730km2 Botswana is home to, amongst others, the Okavango Delta, the Kalahari Desert as well as the Makgadikgadi Pans

    Botswana is a very dry country with 70% of the land surface covered by the Kalahari Desert

  • Pre-Independence

    Protectorate of the British Empire

    Road to Independence

    Discovery of diamonds

  • Multiparty democracy/General elections

    Organs of Government:ExecutiveLegislatureJudiciary

    Head of State and Cabinet

    National Assembly

    Ntlo ya Dikgosi/House of Chiefs

  • Diamonds (and other mineral resources) are the largest revenue earner

    Largest producer of diamonds, by value, worldwide

    Tourism is the 2nd largest earner.

  • Beef is exported primarily to the European Union

    Burgeoning manufacturing sector

    Development of coal sector

  • Botswanas population is estimated at 2 million

    Botswana consists of various ethnic groups

    Although made up of many tribes, the people consider themselves Batswana, and the Tswana culture cuts across all tribal cultures

    The concept of botho is embodied in all the tribes

  • Botswanas Foreign Policy is a reflection of its domestic policy and is guided by the National principles of: democracy, development, self-reliance, unity and Botho

  • The basic tenets of Botswanas foreign policy are:

    Non-alignment (cultivation of friendly relations with all countries)

    Peaceful coexistence (peaceful resolution of all conflicts)

    Non-interference (respect for the sovereign equality of all nations)

    Support for common causes of good

  • The bilateral relationship between Botswana and Australia has continued to strengthen, underpinned by:

    Warm and genuine friendship built on close cooperation in the Commonwealth Strong people-to-people linksTrade and investment collaboration

  • Australia and Botswana co-operate on a wide spectrum of areas, including, but not limited to, education, agriculture, health, mining and environment