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E Q U I N O X
E N E R G Y 2 0 3 0
B LU E P R I N T
A t e c h n o l o g i c a l ro a d m ap fo r a
l ow - c a r b o n , e l e c t r i f i e d f u t u re
Lead Authors: Jatin Nathwani and Jason Blackstock
Chapter Authors: Esther Adedeji, Will Catton, Zhewen Chen, Kerry Cheung, Felipe De Leon, Aaron A. Leopold, Marc McArthur,
Nigel Moore, Jakob Nygard, Lauren Riga, Vagish Sharma, Ted Sherk, Gita Syahrani, Miles Avery Ten Brinke, José Maria Valenzuela, Arthur Yip
Contributors: Jay Apt, Alán Aspuru-Guzik, Robin Batterham, Barry Brook, Jillian Buriak, Zoë Caron, Lia Helena Demange, Jian hua Ding,
Craig Dunn, Cathy Foley, Yacine Kadi, Velma McColl, Greg Naterer, Linda Nazar, Nicholas Parker, Walt Patterson, Tom Rand, Marlo Raynolds,
William D. Rosehart, David Runnalls, Ted Sargent, Maria Skyllas-Kazacos, Wei Wei
Lead Writer and Editor: Stephen Pincock
Editor-in-Chief: Wilson da Silva
A report on the outcomes of the Equinox Summit: Energy 2030, convened by the Waterloo Global Science Initiative and held in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada on 5-9 June 2011
rtaylor Text Box . EXCERPT: LARGE-SCALE STORAGE WITH RENEWABLES
This document is an excerpt of the Equinox Blueprint: Energy 2030. It only contains two of ten chapters. The entire document is available for download at WGSI.org. .
E Q U I N O X B L U E P R I N T : E N E R G Y 2 0 3 0
Publisher: Waterloo Global Science Initiative Editor-in-Chief: Wilson da Silva Lead Writer and Editor: Stephen Pincock Lead Authors: Jatin Nathwani, Jason Blackstock Chapter Authors: Esther Adedeji, Will Catton, Zhewen Chen, Kerry Cheung, Felipe De Leon, Aaron A. Leopold, Marc McArthur, Nigel Moore, Jakob Nygard, Lauren Riga, Vagish Sharma, Ted Sherk, Gita Syahrani, Miles Avery Ten Brinke, José Maria Valenzuela, Arthur Yip Contributors: Jay Apt, Alán Aspuru-Guzik, Robin Batterham, Barry Brook, Jillian Buriak, Zoë Caron, Lia Helena Demange, Jian hua Ding, Craig Dunn, Cathy Foley, Yacine Kadi, Velma McColl, Nigel Moore, Greg Naterer, Linda Nazar, Nicholas Parker, Walt Patterson, Tom Rand, Marlo Raynolds, William D. Rosehart, David Runnalls, Ted Sargent, Maria Skyllas-Kazacos, Wei Wei Art Director: Lucy Glover Deputy Editor: Kate Arneman Copy Editor: Dominic Cadden Illustrator: Fern Bale Picture Editor: Tara Francis Research Assistants: Zhewen Chen, Ganesh Doluweera, Miriel Ko Proofreaders: Heather Catchpole, Renae Soppe, Becky Crew, Fiona MacDonald
EQUINOX SUMMIT: ENERGY 2030 PATRON His Excellency The Right Honourable David Lloyd Johnston, CC, CMM, COM, CD, FRSC (Hon) Summit Moderator and Content Team Leader: Wilson da Silva Content Team: Ivan Semeniuk, Lee Smolin Scientific Advisor: Jatin Nathwani Forum Peer Advisor: Jason Blackstock Facilitator: Dan Normandeau Rapporteur: Stephen Pincock Strategic Advisors: Jason Blackstock, Blair Feltmate, Thomas Homer-Dixon, David Keith, David Layzell, Kevin Lynch, Jatin Nathwani Event Producers: Sean Kiely and Frank Taylor, Title Entertainment Inc. Presenting Media Partner: TVO
WATERLOO GLOBAL SCIENCE INITIATIVE BOARD Dr Neil Turok (Chair) Director, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
Dr Feridun Hamdullahpur (Vice-Chair) President and Vice-Chancellor, University of Waterloo
Dr Arthur Carty (Secretary & Treasurer) Executive Director, Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology
Dr Tom Brzustowski, RBC Professor, Telfer School of Management, University of Ottawa; and Chair, Institute of Quantum Computing (IQC), University of Waterloo
Michael Duschenes, Chief Operating Officer, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
ADVISORY COUNCIL Mike Lazaridis (Chair) Founder & Chair of the Board, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics; and Founder and Vice Chair of the Board, Research In Motion
Dr Tom Brzustowski (Vice-Chair) RBC Professor, Telfer School of Management, University of Ottawa; and Chair, Institute of Quantum Computing (IQC), University of Waterloo
Dr David Dodge Chancellor, Queen’s University; and Sr. Advisory, Bennett Jones
Dr Suzanne Fortier President, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
Peter Harder Senior Policy Advisor, Fraser Milner Casgrain
Dr Chaviva Hošek President & CEO, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)
Dr Huguette Labelle Chancellor Emeritus, University of Ottawa
John Pollock CEO, Electrohome; and Chancellor Emeritus, Wilfrid Laurier University
Dr Cal Stiller Chair, Ontario Institute for Cancer Research; and Former Chair, Ontario Innovation Trust and Genome Canada
John M. Thompson Chancellor, University of Western Ontario; and Chairman of the Board, TD Bank Financial Group
The Hon. Pamela Wallin Senator, Government of Canada; and Chancellor Emeritus, University of Guelph
Lynton Ronald (Red) Wilson Chancellor, McMaster University; former CEO, Redpath; Chairman of the Board of BCE; and Former Deputy Minister
MANAGEMENT TEAM John Matlock Director, External Relations and Public Affairs, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
Tim Jackson Vice-President, External Relations, University of Waterloo
Ellen Réthoré Associate Vice-President, Communications and Public Affairs, University of Waterloo
Martin Van Nierop Senior Director of Government Relations and Strategic Initiatives, University of Waterloo
Stefan Pregelj Senior Analyst, Financial Operations, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
STAFF WGSI Coordinator: Julie Wright WGSI Communications Liaison: RJ Taylor Operations Support: Jake Berkowitz, Lisa Lambert, Mike Leffering, Peter McMahon, Cassandra Sheppard, Graeme Stemp-Morlock, and the staff of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
February 2012 Waterloo Global Science Initiative. This work is published under a Creative Commons license requiring Attribution and Noncommercial usage. Licensees may copy, distribute, display and perform the work and make derivative works based only for noncommercial purposes, and only where the source is credited as follows: “produced by the Waterloo Global Science Initiative, a partnership between Canada’s Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics and the University of Waterloo”.
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A technolog ica l roadmap for low-carbon e lectr ic i ty product ion
E Q U I N O X B L U E P R I N T : E N E R G Y 2 0 3 0
8 PAGE INTRODUCTION
Quorum members during the working sessions. In the foreground, Cathy Foley, Chief of the
Division of Materials Science and Engineering at Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO).
A LOW CARBON ELECTRICITY ECOSYSTEM During Equinox Summit: Energy 2030, participants evolved their discussions of technologies for generation, transport and storage of electricity into a detailed exploration of the societal contexts into which such technologies must be integrated.
From this emerged the concept of a Low Carbon Electricity Ecosystem. It highlights how a series of technological, economic and social innovations in different contexts can contribute to transforming how we, as individuals and societies, think about and use energy. It also allows us to more clearly consider how we might alter the future direction of our varied electricity systems in a more sustainable direction.
Three of the Pathways focus on technologies that could help replace our reliance on the burning of fossil fuels for the generation of constant, reliable ‘baseload’ power in long-established electrical systems: the deployment of grid-scale battery storage to support renewable energy expansion; the development of Enhanced Geothermal power potential; and the accelerated development of Advanced Nuclear Power technologies.
A fourth Pathway focusses on opportunities for innovation in rapidly expanding urban environments, which are already among the largest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. Taking advantage of ever- improving information and communication technologies, coupled with emerging battery technologies, could allow the simultaneous improvement of urban transport systems and our cities’ electric grids. In addition, emerging superconductor technology may allow a substantial increase in the efficiency of electricity provision, allowing more energy to be delivered per square metre of densely packed, power-hungry city cores. These together are described as elements that could contribute to green urbanisation.
Finally, an important Exemplar Pathway developed by participants focusses on the billions of people who currently live without adequate access to electricity. This Pathway proposes routes for encouraging the development of affordable, ‘off-grid’ power solutions for energy-poor regions.
Baseload arge scale storage
for rene able energy Geothermal dvanced nuclear
Smart urbanisation Enhanced grid lexible solar Superconductors
Electrified transport Storage