BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic...

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BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity System Reducing the Biosecurity Risk in Plant Production John McDonald National Biosecurity Manager NGIA HORT CONNECTIONS 17 May 2017

Transcript of BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic...

Page 1: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCPNursery Production Biosecurity System

Reducing the Biosecurity Risk in Plant Production

• John McDonald

• National Biosecurity Manager

• NGIA

HORT CONNECTIONS17 May 2017

Page 2: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

Plant Biosecurity – The National Exposure

• On average Australia records between 30 – 40 plant pest incursions each year. Source: Plant Biosecurity CRC

• Recent incursions of note include:

• Multiple mealybugs (Qld)• Electric ant (Qld)• Green snail (Vic)• Russian wheat aphid (SA)• Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (NT)• Giant pine scale (Vic & SA)• Pyriform scale (WA)• Panama TR4 (Qld)• Tomato potato psyllid (WA)

• Red imported fire ant (NSW)• Mango malformation (NT)• Potato spindle tuber viroid (WA)• Cocoa pod borer (Qld)• Chestnut blight (Vic)• Lettuce aphid (TAS)• Myrtle rust (NSW)• Vegetable leaf miner (Qld)• Banana freckle (NT)

Page 3: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

An Increasing Biosecurity Risk for Horticulture• “Biosecurity risks are growing due to increased global trade and travel,

increased agricultural expansion and intensification, increased urbanisation close to farmlands, and other factors such as climate change.” Source: IGAB Draft Report December 2016

• Kevin Chennell – Executive Director Biosecurity DAFWA "If you look at the number of incidents for biosecurity in Australia it's definitely going up. If you look at the number of incidents related to biosecurity in Western Australia it's definitely going up.“ Source: ABC Rural 26/04/17

• Frank Fox – Biosecurity Queensland “The 2015 Queensland Biosecurity Capability Review concluded that the state is experiencing unprecedented challenges to its ability to respond to the increasing number, scale and scope of pest and disease threats.” Source: The Chronicle 12/05/17

Page 4: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

Biosecurity risk promoters increase farm pressures

• On-farm risk promoters• Source of planting material (high health)• Location of planting material (interstate)• Continuity of input supply (reliable)• Labour movement (domestic & international)• Vehicle & equipment (on & off farm movement)• Management system (internal verification)

• Off-farm risk promoters• Increasing international travel• Increasing domestic travel• Domestic & international migration• Increasing international trade• Declining government biosecurity investment• Reduced government biosecurity service delivery

“In August 2015, the Victorian Auditor-General reported a reduction in the Victorian Government’s ability to detect, respond and prepare for an emergency response outbreak.” Source: IGAB Draft Report December 2016

“Between 2013 and 2025, containerised imports are forecast to rise by 50%, non-containerised imports by 27% and air cargo imports are expected to be double that of air cargo exports with

inbound air travel arrivals expected to rise by 93%.” Source: IGAB Draft Report December 2016

Page 5: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

Source: 2014–15 National Stocktake of Biosecurity Investment

Prevention gives the greatest financial return (Cost Benefit $1 : $100)

Page 6: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

Nursery Production – Supply Chains

• Nursery Production in Australia

• Located in every state & territory – a broadly dispersed industry underpinning most horticulture plant industries.

• Supply chains (varied):• Urban retail e.g. Bunnings, etc.

• Landscape greenlife e.g. Urban development

• Fruit & Vegetable e.g. Citrus or tomato farmer

• Forestry e.g. Pine or eucalypt timber plantations

• Revegetation e.g. Riparian zones & mine sites

Page 7: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Nursery Stock Horticulture Production

National Distribution via:

Propagation material (TC, buds, scion, vegetative)• Seedlings (vegetables, melons, etc.)

• Seeded• Grafted

• Fruit & Nut Tree Stock• Rootstock• Budded/grafted

• Vine Crops• Grafted• Rootstock

Page 8: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Avocado Nursery Stock

Page 9: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

QLD

NSW

NT

WA

TAS

Apples Nursery Stock

Page 10: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Banana Nursery Stock

Page 11: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Brassica Nursery Stock

Page 12: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Citrus Nursery Stock

Page 13: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Cucurbits Nursery Stock

Page 14: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Lettuce Nursery Stock

Page 15: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Mango Nursery Stock

Page 16: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Strawberry Nursery Stock

Page 17: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

Tomato Nursery Stock

Page 18: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

QLD

NSW

NT

SA

WA

VIC

TAS

SA

Strawberry Nursery Stock

Avocado Nursery Stock

Mango Nursery Stock

Cucurbits Nursery Stock

Citrus Nursery Stock

Brassica Nursery Stock

Apples Nursery Stock

Lettuce Nursery Stock

Banana Nursery Stock

Significant plant movement across borders• Production nurseries consolidating – economies of scale• Capacity to meet increased consignment sizes due to larger

farms• Exclusive propagation rights (variety access)• Consolidation of technical skills (grafting)• Greater transport options = maintenance of quality

Page 19: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCP a

Systems Approach BioSecure HACCP is the on-farm biosecurity program for Australian

production nurseries

BioSecure HACCP Guidelines provide a systematic approach for production nurseries to assess their biosecurity hazards and identify critical control points – achieved through documented procedures

The program seeks to identify internal and external threats to the integrity of a business’s biosecurity preparedness.

Recognises business skill sets and capacity in pest risk management progressing to self certification for market access.

Page 20: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCP

Underpinning strengths of BioSecure HACCP Industry owned

Independently audited

Risk assessment based approach

Technical assistance provided on-farm

Action planning & prioritisation assistance (BMP)

Technologically adaptive management systems

Recognising current on-farm practices

On-farm records demonstrate due diligence

Driven by continuous improvement

Focused on business profitability & sustainability

Rapidly adaptable to industry needs and technological advances

Capacity to integrate resources and on-farm activities into the system

A whole farm pest management plan (insect/disease & weed)

Page 21: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCP

Government benefits Industry benefits

Shared responsibility/co-regulation Shared responsibility/co-regulation

Red tape reduction Recognition of good horticultural practice

Resource utilisation improvements Enhanced trading flexibility

Efficiency through electronic systems Improved productivity

Enhanced traceability Cost reductions

Building a robust biosecurity system Prompt return to trade after EPP detection

BioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries validating the activities described in the Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme Australia (NIASA) Best Management Practice Guidelines and addressing identified gaps.

Page 22: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCPProcedures (43) Records (26)

Growing media storage procedure Approved Supplier Register

Growing media production procedure Materials Import Inspection Record

Growing media quality procedure Material Despatch Inspection Record

Fertiliser storage procedure Register of Authorised Inspection Persons

Cleaning & disinfestation Register of Authorised Person Record

Visitor procedure Register of Certification Signatory(s) Record

Incoming plant quarantine Visitor Record

Pest, disease & weed monitoring Vehicle Inspection Record

Site surveillance procedure Corrective Action Report

Despatch inspection procedure Equipment Calibration Register

Growing media disinfestation procedure Calibration Record

Sticky trap use procedure Crop monitoring Record

Indicator plant monitoring procedure Site Surveillance Record

Insect proof facility procedure Weed Monitoring Record

Page 23: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCP

Market Access through BioSecure HACCP

• Implement 43 Procedures and Record across 26 templates

• Upload completed records to the Audit Management System (AMS)• Web based platform for certified growers to store data and client information• Each grower has protected business folder in AMS with restricted access• AMS generates interstate Biosecurity Certificates for plant movement

• Implement pest specific Entry Condition Compliance Procedures (ECCP’s)• ECCP’s developed by NGIA and submitted and approved by receiving jurisdiction• Nominate competent staff and train against ECCP criteria (on-line)• Apply for approval and certification against the specific ECCP(s)• Audited for compliance against the ECCP(s)• Self certify for market access (similar to ICA system except industry managed)

Page 24: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCP

Entry Condition Compliance Procedure (ECCP) Importing State

Blueberry rust VIC & TAS

Melon thrips SA

Spiraling whitefly NSW & VIC

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus NSW & VIC

Red imported fire ants NSW, VIC & SA

Green snail NSW, NT, VIC, SA & TAS

Citrus red mite NSW & VIC

Myrtle rust SA

Potato cyst nematode SA & QLD

Pyriform scale QLD, NSW & VIC

Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus SA

Regulated & unwanted quarantine pests Tasmania

Page 25: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCP“Trialling the System”

Sub-committee on Domestic Quarantine & Market Access

(SDQMA)

• Presented BioSecure HACCP in 2008 & 2012 to SDQMA

• Approved for controlled trial in September 2012

• Victoria & Queensland the trial states (21st October 2013)• 2 x BioSecure HACCP certified businesses in each state

• Initiate trade under approved Entry Condition Compliance Procedures (ECCP’s)• Vic = Potato Cyst Nematode (PCN)

• Qld = TYLCV/SLW, SWF and Red Imported Fire Ant (RIFA)

• Manage all activities under the Audit Management System (AMS)

Page 26: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCP“Trialling the System”

• Trial duration – Oct 2013 – April 2014 = 6 months• Oversight via Project Control Board (SDQMA members)

• Trial results were independently audited August/September 2014

• Independent audit report presented to SDQMA October 2014

• NGIA accepted report’s 21 administrative recommendations

• Independent close-out audit April 2015

• Close-out Audit accepted by SDQMA 29 April 2015

• NGIA approved for a 3 year National trial (2016 – 2019)

• National Plant Health Committee endorsement of SDQMA approval 11 November 2015

Page 27: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

BioSecure HACCP

Co-regulation with government

• National – Plant Health Committee (PHC) November 2015

• State – Sub-committee on Domestic Quarantine & Market Access (SDQMA) • Legislative support (Qld, NSW & TAS) + bridging authorities (Vic, SA, WA & NT)

• Recognition of ‘high health’ status of certified growers

• Harmonised interstate market access

• State government biosecurity agencies provide oversight through SDQMA• Approve state/pest specific Entry Condition Compliance Procedure (ECCP)

• Production nurseries implement BioSecure HACCP Procedures 24/7

Page 28: BioSecure HACCP Nursery Production Biosecurity SystemBioSecure HACCP is the result of a generic Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries

Thank You

Biosecurity assurance for planting stock