of 71 /71
BIBLIOGRAPHY ON STOPOVER SITES. David Ewert. Updated 24 Oct. 2013. Able, K.P. 1972. Fall migration in coastal Louisiana and the evolution of migration patterns in the Gulf region. Wilson Bull. 84:231-242. Able, K.P. 1977. The orientation of passerine nocturnal migrants following offshore drift. Auk 94:320-330. Able, K.P. 1977. The flight behaviour of individual passerine nocturnal migrants: a tracking radar study. Animal Behaviour 25:924-935. Aborn, D.A. 1994. Correlation between raptor and songbird numbers at a migratory stopover site. Wilson Bull. 106:150-153. Aborn, D.A. and F.R. Moore. 1997. Pattern of movement by summer tanagers (Piranga rubra) during migratory stopover: a telemetry study. Behaviour 134:1-24. Abramsky, Z. and U. Safriel. 1980. Seasonal patterns in a Mediterranean bird community composed of transient, wintering and resident passerines. Ornis Scand. 11:201-216. Acevedo Seaman, D.A., C.G. Guglielmo, R.W. Elner, and T.D. Williams. 2006. Landscape-scale physiology: site differences in refueling rates indicated by plasma metabolite analysis in free-living migratory sandpipers. Auk 123:563-574. .Ahlgren, C.E. 1957. Phenological observations of nineteen native tree species in northeastern Minnesota. Ecology 58:622-628. .Agard, K. and C. Spellman. 1994. Lake Ontario Migratory Bird Study: Initial data analysis and results. Unpublished report. Ǻkesson, S., T. Alerstam, and A. Hedenström. 1996. Flight initiation of nocturnal passerine migrants in relation to celestial orientation conditions at twilight. Journal of Avian Biology 27:95-102. Ǻkesson, S. and A. Hedenström. 2000. Wind selectivity of migratory flight departures in birds. Behav ioral Ecology and Sociobiology 47:140-144. Ǻkesson, S., G. Walinder, L. Karlsson, and S. Ehnbom. 2002. Nocturnal migratory flight initiation in reed warblers: Acrocephalus scirpaceus: effect of wind on orientation and timing of migration. Journal of Avian Biology 33:349- 357. Alatalo, R.V. 1981. Habitat selection of forest birds in the seasonal environment of Finland. Ann. Zoologici Fennici 19:103-114. Albanese, G. and C.A. Davis. 2013. Broad-scale relationships between shorebirds and landscapes in the southern Great Plains. Auk 130:88-97. Albanese, G., C.A. Davis, and B.W. Compton. 2012. Spatiotemporal scaling of North American continental interior wetlands: implications for shorebird conservation. Landscape Ecology 27:1465-1479. Alerstam, T. 1978. Reoriented bird migration in coastal areas: dispersal to suitable nesting areas? Oikos 30:405- 408. Alerstam, T. 1979. Wind as selective agent in bird migration. Ornis Scandinavica10:76-93.

Embed Size (px)


  • BIBLIOGRAPHY ON STOPOVER SITES. David Ewert. Updated 24 Oct. 2013.

    Able, K.P. 1972. Fall migration in coastal Louisiana and the evolution of migration patterns in the Gulf region.

    Wilson Bull. 84:231-242.

    Able, K.P. 1977. The orientation of passerine nocturnal migrants following offshore drift. Auk 94:320-330.

    Able, K.P. 1977. The flight behaviour of individual passerine nocturnal migrants: a tracking radar study. Animal

    Behaviour 25:924-935.

    Aborn, D.A. 1994. Correlation between raptor and songbird numbers at a migratory stopover site. Wilson Bull.


    Aborn, D.A. and F.R. Moore. 1997. Pattern of movement by summer tanagers (Piranga rubra) during migratory

    stopover: a telemetry study. Behaviour 134:1-24.

    Abramsky, Z. and U. Safriel. 1980. Seasonal patterns in a Mediterranean bird community composed of transient,

    wintering and resident passerines. Ornis Scand. 11:201-216.

    Acevedo Seaman, D.A., C.G. Guglielmo, R.W. Elner, and T.D. Williams. 2006. Landscape-scale physiology: site

    differences in refueling rates indicated by plasma metabolite analysis in free-living migratory sandpipers. Auk


    .Ahlgren, C.E. 1957. Phenological observations of nineteen native tree species in northeastern Minnesota. Ecology


    .Agard, K. and C. Spellman. 1994. Lake Ontario Migratory Bird Study: Initial data analysis and results.

    Unpublished report.

    Ǻkesson, S., T. Alerstam, and A. Hedenström. 1996. Flight initiation of nocturnal passerine migrants in relation to

    celestial orientation conditions at twilight. Journal of Avian Biology 27:95-102.

    Ǻkesson, S. and A. Hedenström. 2000. Wind selectivity of migratory flight departures in birds. Behavioral Ecology

    and Sociobiology 47:140-144.

    Ǻkesson, S., G. Walinder, L. Karlsson, and S. Ehnbom. 2002. Nocturnal migratory flight initiation in reed warblers:

    Acrocephalus scirpaceus: effect of wind on orientation and timing of migration. Journal of Avian Biology 33:349-


    Alatalo, R.V. 1981. Habitat selection of forest birds in the seasonal environment of Finland. Ann. Zoologici Fennici


    Albanese, G. and C.A. Davis. 2013. Broad-scale relationships between shorebirds and landscapes in the southern

    Great Plains. Auk 130:88-97.

    Albanese, G., C.A. Davis, and B.W. Compton. 2012. Spatiotemporal scaling of North American continental interior

    wetlands: implications for shorebird conservation. Landscape Ecology 27:1465-1479.

    Alerstam, T. 1978. Reoriented bird migration in coastal areas: dispersal to suitable nesting areas? Oikos 30:405-


    Alerstam, T. 1979. Wind as selective agent in bird migration. Ornis Scandinavica10:76-93.

  • Alerstam, T. 1981. The course and timing of bird migration. Pages 9-54 in Animal Migration, D.J. Aidley, ed. Soc.

    Exp. Biol. Seminar Series 13, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Alerstam, T. 1993. Bird migration. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

    Alerstam, T. 1990. Ecological causes and consequences of bird orientation. Experimentia 46:405-415.

    Alerstam, T. 2001. Detours in bird migration. Journal of Theoretical Biology 209:319-331.

    Alerstam, T. 2003. Bird migration speed. Pages 253-267 In Avian migration. P. Berthold, E. Gwinner, E.

    Sonnenschein (eds.). Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

    .Alerstam, T. and P.H. Enckell. 1979. Unpredictable habitats and evolution of bird migration. Oikos 33:228-232.

    Alerstam, T., M. Hake, and N. Kjellen. 2006. Temporal and spatial patterns of repeated migratory journeys by

    ospreys. Animal Behaviour 71:555-566.

    Alerstam, T.and A. Hedenström. 1998. The development of bird migration theory. Journal of Avian Biology


    Alerstam, T., A. Hedenström, and S. Ǻkesson. 2003. Long-distance migration: evolution and determinants. Oikos


    .Alerstam, T. and G. Hogstedt. 1980. Spring predictability and leap-frog migration. Ornis Scand. 11:196-200.

    Alerstam, T. and Ǻ. Lindström. 1990. Optimal bird migration:the relative importance of time, energy, and safety.

    Pp. 331-351 in Bird migration (E. Gwinner, ed.). Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

    Alerstam, T. and Ǻ. Lindström. 1992. Optimal fat loads in migrating birds: a test of the time-minimizing hypothesis.

    American Naturalist 140:477-491.

    Alessi, M.G., T.J. Benson, and M.P. Ward. 2010. Nocturnal social cues attract migrating Yellow-breasted Chats.

    Wilson Journal of Ornithology 122:780-783.

    Annan, O. 1962. Sequence of migration by sex, age, and species of thrushes of the genus Hylocichla, through

    Chicago. Bird Banding 33: 130-137.

    Anteau. M.J. and A.D. Afton. 2004. Nutrient reserves of lesser scaup during spring migration in the Mississippi

    Flyway: a test of the Spring Condition Hypothesis. Auk 121:917-929.

    Anteau, M.J. and A.D. Afton. 2008. Diets of spring migrating lesser scaup throughout the upper-Midwest are

    consistent with the Spring Condition Hypothesis. Waterbirds 31:97-106.

    Anteau, M.J. and A.D. Afton. 2009. Lipid reserves of lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) migrating across a large

    landscape are consistent with the “spring condition” hypothesis. Auk 126:873-883.

    Anthony, R.G., G.A. Green, E.D. Forsman and S.K. Nelson. 1996. Avian abundance in riparian zones of three forest

    types in the Cascade mountains, Oregon. Wilson Bull. 108:280-291.

    Arizaga, J., E. Barba, and E. Belda. 2008. Fuel management and stopover duration of Blackcaps Sylvia atricapilla

    stopping over in northern Spain during autumn migration period. Bird Study 55:124-134.

    Arzel, C., J. Elmberg, and M. Guillemain. 2006. Ecology of spring migrating Anatidae: a review. Journal of

    Ornithology 147:167-184.

  • .Askins, R.A. 1993. Population trends in grassland, shrubland, and forest birds in eastern North America. Current

    Ornithol. 11:1-34.

    .Askins, R.A., J.F. Lynch, and R.Greenberg. 1990. Population declines in migratory birds in eastern North America,

    Current Ornithol. 7:1-57.

    Atkinson, P.W., A.J. Baker, K.A. Bennett, N.A. Clark, J.A. Clark, K.B. Cole, A. Dekinga. A. Dey, S. Gillings. P.M.

    Gonzalez, K. Kalasz, C.D.T. Minton, L.J. Niles, T. Piersma, R.A. Robinson, and H.P. Sitters. 2007. Rates of mass

    gain and energy deposition in red knot on their final staging site is both time- and condition dependent. Journal of

    Applied Ecology 44:885-895.

    Austin, G.T. 1970. Migration of warblers in southern Nevada. Southwestern Nat. 15:231-237.

    Bächler, E., S. Hahn, M. Schaub, R. Arlettaz, L. Jenni, J.W. Fox, V. Afanasyev, and F. Liechti. 2010. Year-round

    tracking of small trans-Saharan migrants using light-level geolocators. PLos ONE 5: e9566.


    Bächler, E. and M. Schaub. 2007. The effects of permanent local emigration and encounter technique on stopover

    duration estimates as revealed by telemetry and mark-recapture. The Condor 109:142-154.

    Badinski, S.S., C. Davison Ankney, and S.A. Petrie. 2006. Influence of migrant tundra swans (Cygnus columbianus)

    and Canada geese (Branta Canadensis) on aquatic vegetation at Long Point, Lake Erie, Ontario. Hydrobiologia


    Badzinski, S.S. and S.A. Petrie. 2006. Lesser scaup spring nutrient reserve dynamics on the lower Great Lakes.

    Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:395-407.

    Badzinski, S.S. and S.A. Petrie. 2008. Scaup & the Great Lakes: Issues and current research. Unpublished report,

    Long Point Waterfowl.

    Baird, J.W. 1980. The selection and use of fruit by birds in an eastern forest. Wilson Bull. 92:63-73.

    Baird, J. and I.C.T. Nisbet. 1960. Northward fall migration on the Atlantic coast and its relation to offshore drift.

    Auk 77:119-149.

    .Bairlein, F. 1983. Habitat selection and associations of species in European passerine birds during southward, post-

    breeding migrations. Ornis Scandinavica 14:239-245.

    Bairlein, F. 1985. Efficiency of food utilization during fat deposition in the long-distance migratory garden warbler,

    Sylvia borin. Oecologia 68:118-125.

    Bairlein, F. 1987. Nutritional requirements for maintenance of body weight and fat deposition in the long-distance

    migratory Garden Warbler, Sylvia borin (Boddaert). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 86:337-347.

    Bairlein, F. 1985. Body weights and fat deposition of Paearctic passerine migrants in the central Sahara. Oecologica


    Bairlein, F. 1987. The migratory strategy of the Garden Warbler: A survey of laboratory and field data. Ringing

    Migration 8:59-72.

    Bairlein, F. 1988. How do migratory songbirds cross the Sahara? Trends in Ecol. and Evol. 3:191-194.

    Bairlein, F. 1990. Nutrition and food selection in migratory birds. Pp. 198-213 in E. Gwinner, ed. Bird Migration.


  • Bairlein, F. 1991. Body mass of Garden warblers (Sylvia borin) on migration: a review of field data. Die

    Vogelwarte 36:48-61.

    Bairlein, F. 1991. Nutritional adaptations to fat deposition in the long-distance migratory Garden Warbler Sylvia

    borin. Acta XX Congr. Internat. Ornithol. 2149-2158.

    Bairlein, F. 1992. Morphology-habitat relationships in migrating songbirds, p. 356-369. In J.M. Hagan, III and D.W.

    Johnston (eds.), Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical migrants. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington,


    Bairlein, F. 1998. The European-African songbird migration network: new challenges for large scale study of bird

    migration. Biological Conservation of Fauna 102:13-27.

    Bairlein, F. 2001. Results of bird ringing in the study of migration routes and behavior. Ardea 89:7-19.

    Bairlein, F., D.R. Norris, N. Rolf, M. Bulte, C.C. Voigt et al. 2012. Cross-hemisphere migration of a 25 g songbird.

    Biology Letters.

    Baker, A.J., P.M. González, T. Piersma, L.J. Niles, de Lima Serrano do Nascimento, Inȇs, P.W. Atkinson, N.A.

    Clark, C.D.T. Milton, M.K. Peck, and G. Aarts. 2004. Rapid population decline in red knots:fitness consequences of

    decreased refueling rates and late arrival in Delaware Bay. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B 271:875-882.

    Balbontín, J., A.P. Møller, I.G. Hermosell, A. Marzal, M. Reviriego, and F. de Lope. 2009. Individual responses in

    spring arrival to ecological conditions during winter and migration in a migratory bird. Journal of Animal Ecology


    Ball, S.C. 1952. Fall bird migration on the Gaspe Peninsula. Bull. Peabody Mus. 7:1-211.

    Baranowski, T.E. 2007. Distribution, abundance and habitat associations of fall- and spring-migrating shorebirds and

    waterfowl in the southwest Lake Erie marsh region. Thesis, The Ohio State University, Columbus.

    Bardon, K.J. 2012. Fall diurnal migration of passerines and other non-raptors at Hawk Ridge and Lake Superior,

    Duluth (2007-2011). Loon 84:8-20.

    Barlow, J.C. 1980. Patterns of ecological interactions among migrant and resident vireos on the wintering grounds.

    Pp. 79-107 in Migrant Birds in Neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution, and conservation (A. Keast and E. S.

    Morton, eds.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

    Barron, D.G., J.D. Brawn, and P.J. Whitehead. 2010. Meta-analysis of transmitter effects on avian behaviour and

    ecology. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 1:180-187.

    Barrow, W.C., Jr., C. Chao-Chieh, R.B. Hamilton, K. Ouchley, and T.J. Spengler. 2000. Disruption and restoration

    of en route habitat, a case study: the Chenier Plain. Studies in Avian Biology 20:71-87.

    Bart, J., A. Manning, L. Dunn, R. Fischer, and C. Eberly. 2012. Coordinated bird monitoring: Technical

    recommendations for military lands. Report to Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program.

    Legacy Project #05-246, 06-246, 07-246.

    Battley, P.F. 2006. Consistent annual schedules in a migratory shorebird. Biology Letters 2:517-520.

    Bauchinger, U. and M. Klaassen. 2005. Longer days in spring than in autumn accelerate migration speed of passerine

    birds. Journal of Avian Biology 36:3-5.

    Bauchinger, U., A. Wohlmann, and H. Biebach. 2005. Flexible remodeling of organ size during spring migration of

    the garden warbler (Sylvia borin). Zoology 108:97-106.

  • Bauer, S., M. van Dinther, K.-A. Hogda, M. Klaassen, and J. Madsen. 2008. The consequences of climate-driven

    stop-over site changes on migration schedules and fitness of Arctic geese. Journal of Animal Ecology 77:659-660.

    Bayly, N.J. and C. Gómez. 2011. Comparison of autumn and spring migration strategies of Neotropical migratory

    landbirds in northeast Belize. Journal of Field Ornithology 82:117-131.

    Bayly, N.J., C. Gómez, and K.A. Hobson. 2013. Energy reserves stored by migrating Gray-cheeked Thrushes

    Catharus minimus at a spring stopover site in northern Colombia are sufficient for a long-distance flight to North

    America. Ibis 155:271-283.

    Bayly. N.J., C. Gómez, K.A. Hobson, A.M. González, and K.V. Rosenberg. 2012. Fall migration of the Veery

    (Catharus fuscescens) in northern Colombia: determining the energetic importance of a stopover site. Auk 129:449-


    Bazely, D.R. 1987. Snow Buntings feeding on leaves of salt-marsh grass during spring migration. Condor 89:190-


    Bearhop, S., G.M. Hilton, S.C. Votier, and S. Waldron. 2004. Stable isotope ratios indicate that body condition in

    migrating passerines is influenced by winter habitat. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B (Suppl.)


    Beason, R.C., N. Dussourd, and M.E. Deutschlander. 1995. Behavioral evidence for the use of magnetic material in

    magnetoreception by a migratory bird. J. Exp. Biol. 198:141-146.

    Beaver, D.L. 1988. The response of bird populations to three years of wastewater irrigation on oldfields in Michigan.

    Jack-Pine Warbler 66:87-102.

    Beauchamp, G. 2007. Competition in foraging flocks of migrating Semipalmated Sandpipers. Oecologia 154:403-


    Beauchamp, G. 2010. Relationship between distance to cover, vigilance and group size in staging flocks of

    Semipalmated Sandpipers. Ethology 116:645-652.

    Beauchamp, G. 2011. Long-distance migrating species of birds travel in larger groups. Biology Letters 7:692-694.

    Beekman, J.H., B.A. Nolet, and M. Klaassen. 2002. Skipping swans:fuelling rates and wind conditions determine

    differential use of migratory stopover sites of Bewick’s Swans Cygnus bewickii. Ardea 90:437-460.

    Bednekoff, P.A. and A.I. Houston. 1994. Dynamic models of mass-dependant predation, risk-sensitive foraging, and

    premigratory fattening in birds. Ecology 75:1131-1140.

    .Beebe, R. 1933. Influence of the Great Lakes on the migration of birds. Wilson Bull. 45: 118-121.

    Bell, C.P. 1997. Leap-frog migration in the Fox Sparrow: minimizing the cost of spring migration. Condor 99:470-


    Bell, C.P. 2000. Process in the evolution of bird migration and pattern in avian ecogeography. Journal of Avian

    Biology 31:258-265.

    Bellerby, G., A. Kirk, and D.V. Weseloh. 2000. Staging Little Gulls, Larus minutus, on the Niagara River,

    Ontario:1987-1996. Canadian Field Naturalist 114:584-590.

    Bellrose, F.C. 1971. The distribution of nocturnal migrants in the air space. Auk 88:397-424.

  • Bellrose, F.C. and R.R. Graber. 1963. A radar study the flight directions of nocturnal migrants. Proc. XIII Internat.

    Ornith. Congr. 362-389.

    Bender, D., L. Tischendorf, and L. Fahrig. 2003. Using patch isolation metrics to predict animal movement in binary

    landscapes. Landscape Ecology 18:17-39.

    .Bennett, H.R. 1952. Fall migration of birds at Chicago. Wilson Bull. 64:197-220.

    Bennett, S.E. 1980. Interspecific competition and the niche of the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) in

    wintering and breeding communities. Pp. 319-332 in Migrant Birds in the Neotropics: ecology, behavior,

    distribution, and conservation. A. Keast and E.S. Morton (eds). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

    Bensch, S. and B. Nielsen. 1999. Autumn migration speed of juvenile Reed and Sedge Warblers in relation to date

    and fat loads. Condor 101:153-156.

    Benson, A-M. and K. Winker. 2005. Fat-deposition strategies among high-latitude passerine migrants. The Auk


    .Berger, D.D. 1954. Hawk migration at Cedar Grove. Passenger Pigeon 16: 24-27.

    .Berthold, P. 1975. Migration: control and metabolic physiology. Pp 77-128 in Avian Biology, vol 5 (D.S. Farner

    and J.R. King, Eds.). New York, Academic Press.

    Berthold, P. 1988. The control of migration in European warblers. Acta XIX Ornithol. Congr. 215-249.

    Berthold, P. 1988. Evolutionary aspects of migratory behavior in European warblers. J. Evol. Biol. 1:195-209.

    Berthold, P. 1990. Genetics of migration. Pp. 269-280 in Bird Migration (E. Gwinner, ed.). Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

    Berthold, P. 1991. Patterns of avian migration in light of current global 'greenhouse' effects:a central European

    perspective. Proc. Intern. Ornithol. Congr. 20:780-786.

    Berthold, P. 1993. Bird migration. Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

    Berthold, P. 1996. Control of bird migration. Chapman and Hall, New York.

    Berthold, P. 1998. Bird migration: genetic programs with high adaptability. Zoology 101:235-245.

    Berthold, P. 2001. Bird migration: A general survey. Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

    Berthold, P. and S. Terrill. 1991. Recent advances in studies of bird migration. Ann. Rev. Ecol Syst. 22:357-378.

    Bety, J., J.-F. Giroux and G. Gauthier. 2004. Individual variation in timing of migration: causes and reproductive

    consequences in greater snow geese (Anser caerulescens atlanticus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 57:1-8.

    Bibby, C.F. and R.E. Green. 1980. Foraging behavior of migrant pied flycatcher, Ficedula hypoleuca, on temporary

    territories. Journal of Animal Ecology 49:507-521.

    Bibby, C.F. and R.E. Green. 1981. Autumn migration strategies of reed and sedge warblers. Ornis Scandinavica


    Bibby, C.F. and R.E. Green. 1983. Food and fattening of migrating warblers in some French marshlands. Ringing

    and Migration 4:175-184.

  • Bibby, C.F., R.E. Green, G.R.M. Pepler, and P.A. Pepler. 1976. Sedge Warbler migration and reed aphids. Brit.

    Birds 69:384-399.

    Biebach, H. 1995. Stopover of migrants flying across the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara. Israel Journal of

    Zoology 41:387-392.

    Biebach, H. 1988. Ecophysiology of resting Willow Warblers (Phylloscopus trochilus) crossing the Sahara.

    Proceedings 19th International Ornithological Congress (1986):2162-2163.

    Biebach, H. 1990. Strategies of trans-Sahara migrants. Pp. 352-367 in Bird Migration (E. Gwinner, ed.). Springer-

    Verlag, Berlin.

    Biebach, H. 1998. Phenotypic organ flexibility in Garden Warblers Sylvia borin during long-distance migration.

    Journal of Avian Biology 29:529-535.

    Biebach, H., W. Friedrich and C. Heine. 1986. Interaction of body mass, fat, foraging, and stopover period in trans-

    Sahara migrating passerine birds. Oecologia 69:370-379.

    .Biermann, G.C. and S.G. Sealy. 1982. Parental feeding of nestling Yellow Warblers in relation to brood size and

    prey availability. Auk 99:332-341.

    Bilcke, G. 1984. Seasonal changes in habitat use of resident passerines. Ardea 72:95-99.

    Bildstein, K.L. 2006. Migrating raptors of the world:their ecology and conservation. Cornell University Press,

    Ithaca, New York.

    .Bingham, V.P. 1980. Inland morning flight behavior of nocturnal passerine migrants in eastern New York. Auk


    Bingham, V.P., K.P. Able, and P. Kerlinger. 1982. Wind drift, compensation, and the use of landmarks by nocturnal

    bird migrants. Animal Behaviour 30:49-53.

    Bishop, M.A., P.M. Meyers, P.F. McNeley. 2000. A method to estimate migrant shorebird numbers on the Copper

    Delta, Alaska. Journal of Field Ornithology 71:627-637.

    Blake, J.G. 1983. Trophic structure of bird communities in forest patches in east-central Illinois. Wilson Bull.


    Blake, J.G. 1984. A seasonal analysis of bird communities in southern Nevada. Southwest Nat. 29:463-474.

    Blake, J.G. 1986. Species-area relationship of migrants in isolated woodlots. Wilson Bull.

    .Blake, J.G. and W.G. Hoppes. 1986. Influence of resource abundance on use of tree-fall gaps by birds in an isolated

    woodlot. Auk 103:328-340.

    Blake, J.G. and B.A. Loiselle. 1991. Variation in resource abundance affects capture rates of birds in three lowland

    habitats in Costa Rica. Auk 108:114-130.

    Blem, C.R. 1980. The energetics of migration, p. 174-224. In S.A. Gauthreaux, Jr. (ed.), Annual migration,

    orientation, and navigation. Academic Press, New York.

    Blem, C.R. 1990. Avian energy storage. Current Ornithology 7:59-113.

    Blokpoel, H., G.D. Tessier, and A. Harfenist. 1987. Distribution during post-breeding dispersal, migration, and

    overwintering of common terns color-marked on the lower Great Lakes. Journal of Field Ornithology 58:206-2177.

  • Böhnng-Gaese, K., M.L. Taper, and J.H. Brown. 1993. Are declines in North American insectivorous songbirds due

    to causes on the breeding range. Conservation Biology 7:76-86.

    Bojarinova, J.G., T.A. Rymkevich, and O.P. Smirnov.2002. Timing of autumn migration of early and late-hatched

    great tits Parus major in nw Russia. Ardea 90:401-409.

    Boland, J.M. 1990. Leapfrog migration in North American shorebirds: intra-and interspecific examples. Condor 92:


    Bolser, J.A., R.R. Alan, A.D. Smith, L.Li, N.P. Seeram, and S.R. McWilliams. 2013. Birds select fruits with more

    anthocyanins and phenolic compounds during autumn migration. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 125:97-108.

    Bolshakov, C., V.N. Bulyuk, and A. Sinelschikova. 2000. Study of nocturnal departures in small passerine migrants:

    retrapping of ringed birds in high mist-nets. Vogelwarte 40:250-257.

    Bond, A.L., P.W. Hicklin, and M. Evans. 2007. Daytime spring migrations of scoters (Melanitta spp) in the Bay of

    Fundy. Waterbirds 30:566-572.

    Bonhote, J.L. 1903. Bird migration at some of the Bahama lighthouses. Auk 20:169-179.

    Bonter, D.N., E.W. Brooks, and T.M. Donovan. 2008. What are we missing with only ground-level mist nets? Using

    elevated nets at a migration stopover site. Journal of Field Ornithology 79:314-320.

    Bonter, D.N., S.A. Gauthreaux, Jr., and T.M. Donovan. 2009. Characteristics of important stopover locations for

    migrating birds: Remote sensing with radar in the Great Lakes basin. Conservation Biology 23:440-448.

    Bonter, D.N., T.M. Donovan, and E.W. Brooks. 2007. Daily mass changes in landbirds during migration stopover on

    the south shore of Lake Ontario. The Auk 124:122-133.

    Boone, A.T., P.G. Rodewald, and L.W. DeGroote. 2010. Neotropical winter habitat of the Magnolia Warbler: effects

    on molt, energetic condition, migration timing, and hematozoan infection during spring migration. Condor 112:115-


    .Booth, W.M. 1971. Migration of Blue Jays in southwestern Michigan. Jack-Pine Warbler 49:82-86.

    Borgmann, K.L. 2011. A review of human disturbance impacts on waterbirds. Audubon California. [Online].

    Available at

    Both, C. Comment on “Rapid advance of spring arrival dates in long-distance migratory birds”. Science 315:598b

    Both, C., C.A.M. Van Turnhout, R.G. Bijlsma, H. Siepel, A.J. Van Strien et al. 2010. Avian population

    consequences of climate change are most severe for long-distance migrants in seasonal habitats. Proceedings of the

    Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 271:59-64.

    Both, C., S. Bouwhuis, C.M. Lessells, and M.E. Visser. 2006. Climate change and population declines in a long-

    distance migratory bird. Nature 441:81-83.

    Both, C. and te Marvelde L. 2007. Climate change and timing of avian breeding and migration throughout Europe.

    Clim. Res. 35:93-105.296-298.

    Both, C. and M.E. Visser. 2001. Adjustment to climate change is constrained by arrival date in a long-distance

    migrant bird. Nature 411:

  • Bowen, L.T., C.E. Moorman, and J.C. Kilgo. 2007. Seasonal bird use of canopy gaps in a bottomland forest. Wilson

    Journal of Ornithology 119:77-88.

    Bowlin, M.S. 2007. Sex, wingtip shape, and wing-loading predict arrival date at a stopover site in the Swainson’s

    Thrush (Catharus ustulatus). The Auk 124:1388-1396.

    Bowlin, M.S., I. Bisson, J. Shamoun-Baranes, J.D. Reichard, N. Sapir, P.P. Marra, T.H. Kunz, D.S. Wilcove, A.

    Hedenström, C.G. Guglielmo, S. Åkesson, M. Ramenofsky, and M. Wikelski. 2010. Grand challenges in migration

    biology. Integrative and Comparative Biology 50:261-279.

    Bowlin, M.S., W.W. Cochran, and M.C. Wikelski. 2005. Biotelemetry of new World thrushes during migration:

    physiology, energetic and orientation in the wild. Integrative and Comparative. Biology 45:295-304.

    Bowlin, M.S. and M.C. Wikelski. 2008. Pointed wings, low wingloading, and calm air reduce migratory flight costs

    in songbirds. PLoS One,3, e2154.

    Boyd, H. 2003. Spring arrival of passerine migrants in Iceland. Ringing & Migration 21:193-201.

    Bradstreet, M.S.W., G.W. Page, and W.G. Johnston. 1977. Shorebirds at Long Point, Lake Erie, 1966-1971:

    seasonal occurrence, habitat preference and variation in abundance. Canadian Field Naturalist 91:225-236.

    Brawn, J. and D. Stotz. 2001. The importance of the Chicago region and the “Chicago Wilderness” initiative for

    avian conservation. Pages 509-522 in J. Marzluff, R. Bowman, and R. Donnelly, editors. Avian Ecology and

    Conservation in an Urbanizing World. Kluwer Academic Press, Boston, Massachusetts.

    Brennan, E.K. 2006. Local and landscape level variables influencing migratory bird abundance, diversity, behavior,

    and community structure in Rainwater basin wetlands. Dissertation, Texas Tech University, Lubbock.

    Brewster, J.P. and T.R. Simons. 2009. Testing the importance of auditory detections in avian point counts. Journal of

    Field Ornithology 80:178-182.

    Bridge, E.S., K. Thorup, M.S. Bowlin, P.B. Chilson, R.H. Diehl, R.W. Fléron, P. Hartl, R. Kays, J.F. Kelly, W.D.

    Robinson, and M. Wikelski. 2011. Technology on the move: recent and forthcoming innovations for tracking

    migratory birds. Bioscience 61:689-698.

    .Brock, K.J. 1992. Fall warblers at the migrant trap, Hammond, Indiana. Indiana Audubon Quarterly. 70: 154-162.

    Brockerhoff, E., H. Jactel, J. Parrotta, C. Quine, and J. Sayer. 2008. Plantation forests and biodiversity:oxymoron or

    opportunity? Biodiversity and Conservation 17:925-951.

    Brodeur, S., R. Decarie, D.M. Bird, and M. Fuller. 1996. Complete migration cycle of Golden Eagles breeding in

    northern Quebec. Condor 98:293-299.

    Brooks, J.M. 1986. Observations of the feeding of Black-throated Blue Warblers in Florida during migration.

    Florida Field Nat. 14:96-97.

    Brown, C.B. and M.B. Brown. 2000. Weather-mediated natural selection on arrival time in cliff swallows

    (Petrochelidon pyrrhonata). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 47:339-345.

    Brown, D. and T. Sherry. 2006. Food supply controls the body condition of a migrant bird wintering in the tropics.

    Oecologia 149:22-32.

    Bruderer, B. and L. Jenni. 1988. Strategies of bird migration in the area of the Alps. Acta XIX Congr. Internat.

    Ornithol. 1127-1140.

  • Bruderer, B. and V. Salewski. 2008. Evolution of bird migration in a biogeographical context. Journal of

    Biogeography 35:1951-1959.

    Bruderer, B., L.G. Underhill, and F. Liecht. 1995. Altitude choice by night migrants in a desert area predicted by

    meterological conditions. Ibis 137:44-55.

    Buchanan, A.A. 2008. Movements, habitat use, and stopover duration of migratory songbirds in the western Lake

    Erie basin of northern Ohio. Thesis. The Ohio State University, Columbus.

    Buehler, D.M., L. Bugoni, G.M. Dorrestein, P.M. Gonzalez, J. Pereira-Jr., L. Proença, I. de L. Serrano, A.J. Baker

    and T. Piersma. 2010. Local mortality events in migrating sandpipers (Calidris) at a staging site in southern Brazil.

    Wader Study Group Bulletin 117:150-156.

    Bueter, C., B. Larsen, K. Lawser, K. Nikogosian, and C.E. Gordon. 2006. Arrival dates and recapture patterns of

    spring migrant landbirds in northeastern Illinois. Meadowlark 15:2-9.

    Buler, J.J. 2006. Understanding habitat use by landbirds during migration along the Mississippi Gulf coast using a

    scale-dependent approach. PhD thesis, University of Southern Mississippi.

    Buler, J.J. and D.K. Dawson. 2012. Radar analysis of fall bird migration stopover sites in the northeastern U.S.

    Final report, U.S. Geological Survey Science Support Partnership Program.

    Buler, J.J. and R.H. Diehl. 2009. Quantifying bird density during migratory stopover using weather surveillance

    radar. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 47:2741-2751.

    Buler, J.J., F.R. Moore, and S. Woltmann. 2007. A multi-scale examination of stopover habitat use by birds.

    Ecology 88:1789-1802.

    Buler, J.J. and F.R. Moore. 2011. Migrant-habitat relations during stopover along an ecological barrier:extrinsic

    constraints and conservation implications. Journal of Ornithology 152:101-112.

    Burger, J. 1986. The effect of human activity of shorebirds in two coastal bays in northeastern United States.

    Environmental Conservation 13:123-130.

    Burger, J. 1988. Effects of age on foraging in birds. Acta XX Congr. Internat. Ornithol. 1127-1140.

    Burger, J. and M. Gochfeld. 1991. Human activity influence and diurnal and nocturnal foraging of Sanderlings

    (Calidris alba). Condor 93:259-265.

    Burke, D.M. and E. Nol. 1998. Influence of food abundance, nest-site habitat, and forest fragmentation on breeding

    Ovenbirds. Auk 115:96-104.

    .Busby, D.G. and S.G. Sealy. 1979. Feeding ecology of a population of nesting Yellow Warblers. Can. J. Zool.


    Buskirk, W.H. 1968. The arrival of trans-Gulf migrants on the northern coast of Yucatan in fall. M.S. thesis,

    Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge.

    .Buskirk, W.H. 1980. Influence of meterological patterns and trans-Gulf migration on the calendars of latitudinal

    migrants. Pages 485-491 in Migrant Birds in the Neotropics:Ecology, Behavior, Distribution and Conservation. A.

    Keast and E.S. Morton, eds. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

    Butler, C.J. 2003. The disproportionate effect of global warming on the arrival dates of short-distance migratory

    birds in North America. Ibis 145:484-495.

  • Butler, R.W. 2000. Stormy seas for some North American songbirds: are declines related to severe storms during

    migration? Auk 117:518-522.

    Butler, R.W. and G.W. Kaiser. 1995. Migration chronology, sex ratio, and body mass of Least Sandpipers in British

    Columbia. Wilson Bull. 107:413-422.

    Butler, R.W., G.W. Kaiser, and G.E.J. Smith. 1987. Migration chronology, length of stay, sex ratio and weight of

    Western Sandpipers (Calidris mauri) on the south coast of British Columbia. J. Field Ornithol. 58:103-111.

    Butler, R.W., T.D. Williams, N. Warnock, and M.A. Bishop. 1997. Wind assistance: a requirement for migration of

    shorebirds? Auk 114:456-466.

    Butler, R.W., R.C. Ydenberg, and D.B. Lank. 2003. Wader migration on the changing predator landscape. Wader

    Study Group Bulletin 100:130-133.

    Caldwell, L.D., E.P. Odum, and S.G. Marshall. 1963. Comparison of the fat levels in migrating birds killed at a

    central Michigan and a Florida Gulf Coast television tower. Wilson Bulletin 75:428-434.

    Callo, P.A., E.S. Morton, and B.J.M. Stutchbury. 2013. Prolonged spring migration in the red-eyed vireo (Vireo

    olivaceus). Auk 130:240-246.

    Calvert, A.M., S.A. Mackenzie, J.M. Flemming, P.D. Taylor, and S.J. Walde. 2011. Variation in songbird migratory

    behavior offers clues about adaptability to environmental change. Oecologia doi 10.1007/s00442-011-2119-5.

    Calvert, A.M., S.J. Walde, and P.D. Taylor. 2009. Non-breeding season drivers of population dynamics in seasonal

    migrants: conservation parallels across taxa. Avian Conservation and Ecology 4:5 [online] URL: http://www.ace-

    Calvert, A.M., J. Woodcock, and J.D. McCracken. 2010. Contrasting seasonal survivorship of two migratory

    songbirds wintering in threatened mangrove forests. Avian Conservation and Ecology 5:2 [online] URL:

    Campbell, L. 1968. Birds of the Toledo area. Toledo Blade Company, Toledo, Ohio.

    Cantos, F.J. and J.L. Telleria. 1994. Stopover site fidelity of four migrant warblers in the Iberian peninsula. Journal

    of Avian Biology 35:170-181.

    Carlisle, J.D., G.S. Kaltenecker, and D.L. Swanson. 2005. Stopover ecology of autumn landbird migrants in the

    Boise foothills of southwestern Idaho. Condor 107: 244-258.

    Carlisle, J.D., K.L. Olmstead, C.H. Richart, and D.L. Swanson. 2012. Food availability, foraging behavior, and diet

    of autumn migrant landbirds in the Boise foothills of southwestern Idaho. Condor 114:449-461.

    Carlisle, J.D., S.K. Skagen, B.E. Kus, C.van Riper III, K.L. Paxton, and J.F. Kelly. 2009. Landbird migration in the

    American West: Recent progress and future research directions. The Condor 111:211-225.

    Carpenter, F.L., M.A. Hixon, R.W. Russell, D.C. Paton, and E.J. Temeles. 1993. Weight gain and adjustment of

    feeding territory size in migrant hummingbirds during migrtory stopover. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 33:297-304.

    Carpenter, F.L., M.A. Hixon, E.J. Temeles, R.W. Russell, and D.C. Paton. 1993. Exploitative compensation by

    subordinate age-classes of migrant rufous hummingbirds. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 33:305-312.

    Carpenter, T.W., A.L. Carpenter, and S.R. Smith. 1990. Spring migration of Blue Jays at Whitefish Point, Michigan,

    as studied through banding. Journal of Field Ornithology 61:419-425.

  • Cashion, E.B. 2011. Avian use of riparian habitats and the conservation reserve program: migratory stopover in

    agroecosystems. Thesis, The Ohio State University, Columbus.

    Catry, P., V.Encarnação, A. Araújo, P. Fearon, M. Armelin, and P.Delaloye. 2004. Are long-distance migrant

    passerines faithful to their stopover sites? Journal of Avian Biology 35:170-181.

    Cerasale, D.J. and C.G. Guglielmo. 2006. Dietary effects on prediction of body mass changes in birds by plasma

    metabolites. The Auk 123:836-846.

    Cersale, D.J. and C.G. Guglielmo. 2010. An integrative assessment of the effects of tamarisk on stopover ecology of

    a long-distance migrant along the San Pedro River, Arizona. Auk 127:636-646.

    Champlin, T.B., J.C. Kilgo, and C.E. Moorman. 2009. Food abundance does not determine bird use of early-

    successional habitat. Ecology 90:1586-1594.

    Chandler, C.R. and R.S. Mulvihill. 1990. Interpreting differential timing of capture of sex classes during spring

    migration. Journal of Field Ornithology 61:85-89.

    Chapman, B.B., C. Brönmark, J.Å. Nilsson, and L.A. Hansson. 2011. The ecology and evolution of partial

    migration. Oikos 120:1764-1775.

    .Chartier, A. 1983-1992. Migration reports of non-hawks at Holiday Beach, Ontario. Unpublished reports.

    Chapman, F.M. 1894. Remarks on the origin of bird migration. Auk 11:12-17.

    Chernetsov, N. 2005. Spatial behavior of medium and long-distance migrants at stopovers studied by radio tracking.

    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1046:242-252.

    Chernetsov, N. 2006. Habitat selection by nocturnal passerine migrants en route: mechanisms and results. Journal of

    Ornithology 147:185-191.

    Chernetsov, N. and A. Mukhin. 2006. Spatial behavior of European Robins during migratory stopovers: a telemetry

    study. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118:364-373.

    Chernetsov, N., A. Mukhin, and P. Ktitorov. 2004. Contrasting spatial behaviour of two long-distance passerine

    migrants at spring stopovers. Avian Ecology and Behaviour 12:53-61.

    .Cherry, J.D. 1982. Fat deposition and length of stopover of migrant White-crowned Sparrows. Auk 99: 725-732.

    Cherry, J.D. 1985. Early autumn movements and prebasic molt of Swainson's Thrushes. Wilson Bull. 97:368-370.

    Cimprich, D.A. and F.R. Moore. 2006. Fat affects predator-avoidance behavior in Gray Catbirds (Dumetella

    carolinensis) during migratory stopover. The Auk 123:1069-1076.

    Cimprich, D., M.S. Woodrey, and F.R. Moore. 2005. Passerine migrants respond to variation in predation risk

    during stopover. Animal Behaviour 69:1173-1179.

    Clark, K.E., L.J. Niles, and J. Burger. 1993. Abundance and distribution of migrant shorebirds in Delaware Bay.

    Condor 95:694-705.

    Clawson, R.L. 1982. The status, distribution, and habitat preferences of the birds of Missouri. Terrestrial Series No.

    11, Missouri Dept. Conserv., Jefferson City, MO.

    Cline, B.B. 2008. Seasonal movement, residency, and migration patterns of Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata)

    across the annual cycle in the Willamette Valley of Oregon. M.S. thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

  • Coblentz, B.E. 1990. Exotic organisms: a dilemma for conservation biology. Conservation Biology 4:261-265.

    Cochran, W.W. 1987. Orientation and other migratory behaviours of a Swainson’s Thrush followed for 1500 km.

    Animal Behaviour 35:927-929.

    Cochran, W.W., G.G. Montgomery, and R.R. Graber. 1967. Migratory flights of Hylocichla thrushes in spring: a

    radiotelemetry study. Living Bird 6:213-225.

    Cochran, W.W. and M. Wikelski. 2003. Individual migratory tactics of New World Catharus thrushes. Pages 274-

    289 in E. Sonnenschein, editor. Avian migration. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.

    Cochran, W.W. and M. Wikelski. 2005. Individual migratory tactics of New World Catharus thrushes. Pages 274-

    289. In Birds of Two Worlds:the ecology and evolution of migration (editors R. Greenberg and P.P. Marra). John

    Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

    Cohen, D. 1967. Optimization of seasonal migratory behavior. Amer. Nat. 101:5-18.

    Cohen, E.B., F.R. Moore, and R.A. Fischer. 2012. Experimental evidence for the interplay of exogenous and

    endogenous factors on the movement ecology of a migrating songbird. PLoS ONE 7(7): e41818.


    Cole, M.L., D.M. Leslie, Jr., and W.L. Fisher. 2002. Habitat use by shorebirds at a stopover site in the southern

    Great Plains. The Southwestern Naturalist 47:372-378.

    .Collins, S.L. 1983. Geographic variation in habitat structure of the Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica

    virens). Auk 100:382-389.

    Conklin, J.R. and P.F. Battley. 2011. Impacts of wind on individual migration schedules of New Zealand bar-tailed

    godwits. Behavioral Ecology 22:854-861.

    Conklin, J.R., P.F. Battley, M.A. Potter, and J.W. Fox. 2010. Breeding latitude drives individual schedules in a

    trans-hemispheric migrant bird. Nature Communications 1.

    .Conner,R.N. 1981. Seasonal changes in woodpecker foraging patterns. Auk 98:562-570.

    Contina, A., E.S. Bridge, N.E. Seavy, J.M. Duckles, and J.F. Kelly. 2013. Using geolocators to investigate bimodal

    isotope patterns in Painted Buntings (Passerina ciris). Auk 130:265-272.

    Cooke, W.W. 1888. Report on bird migration in the Mississippi Valley in the years 1884 and 1885. U.S. Dept.

    Agric. Div. Econ. Ornithol. Bull. 2:1-313.

    Cooke, W.W. 1904. Distribution and migration of North American warblers. U.S. Dept. Agricult. Div. Biol. Survey

    Bull. 18.

    Cooke, W.W. 1908. Averaging migration dates. Auk 25:485-486.

    Cooke, W.W. 1915. Bird migration. U.S. Dept. Agric. Bull. No. 185, Washington, D.C.

    Cooper, R. and R. Whitmore. 1990. Arthropod sampling methods in ornithology. Pages 29-37 in Avian Foraging:

    Theory, Methodology, and Applications (M. Morrison, C. Ralph, J. Verner, and J. Jehl, Jr., Eds.). Studies in Avian

    Biology 13.

    Coppack, T. and C. Both. 2002. Predicting life-cycle adaptation of migratory birds to global climate change. Ardea


  • Cormier, R.L., D.L. Humple, T. Gardali, and N.E. Seavy. 2013. Light-level geolocators reveal strong migratory

    connectivity and within-winter movements for a coastal California Swainson’s Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)

    population. Auk 130:283-290.

    Cotton, P.A. 2003. Avian migration phenology and global climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of

    Sciences USA 100:12219-12222.

    Cooper, R.J. and R.C. Whitmore. 1990. Arthropod sampling methods in ornithology. Studies in Avian Biology


    Courter, J.R., R.J. Johnson, W.C. Bridges, and K.G. Hubbard. 2013. Assessing migration of Ruby-throated

    Hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris) at broad spatial and temporal scales. The Auk 130:107-117.

    Covino, K.M. and R.L. Holberton. 2011. The influence of energetic condition on flight initiation and orientation of

    migratory songbirds in the Gulf of Maine region. Auk 128:313-320.

    Cox, G.C. 1968. The role of competition in the evolution of migration. Evolution 22:180-192.

    Cox, G.C. 1985. The evolution of avian migration systems between temperate and tropical regions of the New

    World. American Naturalist 126:451-474.

    Cox, J. 1988. The influence of forest size on transient and resident bird species occupying maritime hammocks of

    northeastern Florida. Florida Field Naturalist 16:25-34.

    Cox, J. 1995. Way stations for migrants. Florida Wildlife (March-April):2-4.

    Craves, J.A. 2009. A fifteen-year study of fall stopover patterns of Catharus thrushes at an inland, urban site. The

    Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121:112-118.

    Crawford, R.L. 1981. Bird casualties at a Leon County, Florida TV tower: a 25-year migration study. Bull. Tall

    Timbers Res. Station 22:1-30.

    .Crawford, R.L. and H.M. Stevenson. 1984. Patterns of spring and fall migration in northwest Florida. J. Field

    Ornithol. 55:196-203.

    Creswell, W. 1994. Age-dependent choice of redshank (Tringa tetanus) feeding location: profitability or risk?

    Journal of Animal Ecology 63:589-600.

    Croonquist, M.J. and R.P. Brookes. 1991. Use of avian and mammalian guilds as indicators of cumulative impacts in

    riparian-wetland areas. Environmental Management 15:701-714.

    Crum, T. and R. Alberty. 1993. The WSR-88D and the WSR-88D operational support facility. Bulletin of the

    American Meterological Society 74:1669-1687.

    Culliton, T.J., M.A. Warren, T.R. Goodspeed, D.G. Remer, C.M. Blackwell, and J.J. McDonough, III. 1990. Fifty

    -2010. Coastal Trends Series, Report No. 2, NOAA,

    Strategic Assessment Branch, Rockville, MD.

    .Curtis, S.G. 1969. Spring migration and weather at Madison, Wisconsin. Wilson Bull. 81:235-245.

    Custer, C.M.and T.W. Custer. 1996. Food habits of diving ducks in the Great Lakes after the zebra mussel invasion.

    Journal of Field Ornithology 67:86-99.

  • Dallman, M. and R.Smith. 1995. Avian predation on chironomids along the nearshore waters of Lake Huron.

    Michigan Birds and Natural History 2:201-204.

    Dänhardt, J. and A. Lindström. 2001. Optimal departure decisions of songbirds from an experimental stopover site

    and the significance of weather. Animal Behaviour 62:235-243.

    Dänhardt, J., M. Green, Ǻ. Lindström, M. Rundlöf, and H.G. Smith. 2010. Farmland as stopover habitat for

    migrating birds-effects of organic farming and landscape structure. Oikos 119:1114-1125.

    .Davidson, A.H. 1994. Common Grackle predation on adult passerines. Wilson Bull. 106:174-175.

    Davis, C.A. and L.M. Smith. 1998. Ecology and management of migrant shorebirds in the playa lakes region of

    Texas. Wildlife Monographs 140:1-45.

    Davis, C.A. and L.M. Smith. 2001. Foraging strategies and niche dynamics of coexisting shorebirds at stopover sites

    in the southern Great Plains. Auk 118:484-495.

    Dawson, W.R., R.L. Marsh, and M.E. Yacoe. 1983. Metabolic adjustments of small passerine birds for migration

    and cold. American Journal of Physiology 245:R755-767.

    Dean, K.L., H.A. Carlisle, and D.L. Swanson. 2004. Age structure of neotropical migrants during fall migration in

    South Dakota: is the northern Great Plains region an inland “coast”? Wilson Bulletin 116:295-303.

    De la Hera, I., J. Perez-Tris and J. Luis Telleria. 2010. Migratory behavior and differential resource allocation

    between wing and tail feathers in a passerine bird. Auk 127:647-652.

    DeLeon, R.L., E.E. DeLeon, and G.R. Rising. 2011. Influence of climate change on avian migrants’ first arrival

    dates. Condor 113:915-923.

    Delingat, J. and V. Dierschke. 2000. Habitat utilization by northern wheatears (Oenanthe oenanthe) stopping over

    on an offshore island during migration. Die Vogelwarte 40:271-278.

    Delingat, J., V. Dierschke, H. Schmaljohann, B. Mendel and F. Bairlein. 2006. Daily stopovers as optimal migration

    strategy in a long-distance migrating passerine: the Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe. Ardea 94:593-605.

    Delmore, K.E., J.W. Fox, and D.E. Irwin. 2012. Dramatic intraspecific differences in migratory routes, stopover

    sites, and wintering areas, revealed using light-level geolocators. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series

    B 279:4582-4589.

    Dennis, D.G. and R.E. Chandler. 1974. Waterfowl use of the Ontario shorelines of the southern Great Lakes during

    migration. In Canadian Wildlife Service waterfowl studies in eastern Canada, 1969-73, ed. H. Boyd, 58-65.

    Canadian Wildlife Service Report Series no. 29.

    Deppe, J.L. and J.T. Rotenberry. 2005. Temporal patterns in fall migrant communities in Yucatan, Mexico. Condor


    Deppe, J.L. and J.T. Rotenberry. 2008. Scale-dependent habitat use by fall migratory birds:vegetation structure,

    floristics, and geography. Ecological Monographs 78:461-487.

    DeSante, D.F. 1983. Annual variability in the abundance of migrant landbirds on southeast Farallon Island,

    California. Auk 100:826-852.

    .Deslauriers, J.V. and C.M. Francis. 1991. The effect of time of day on mist-net captures of passerines on spring

    migration. J. Field Ornithol. 62:107-116.

  • Deutschlander, M.E. and R. Muheim. 2009. Fuel reserves affect migratory orientation of thrushes and sparrows both

    before and after crossing an ecological barrier near their breeding grounds. Journal of Avian Biology 40:85-89.

    Devereux, J, T. Carpenter, and K. Durham. 1985. Spring migration pattern of Sharp-shinned Hawks passing

    Whitefish Point, Michigan. Journal of Field Ornithology 56:346-355.

    DeWolfe, B.B., G.C. West, L.J. Peyton. 1973. The spring migration of Gambel's Sparrows through southern Yukon

    territory. Condor 75:43-59.

    Diehl, R.H. 2003. Landscape associations of birds during migratory stopover. PhD dissertation, University of


    Diehl, R.H. and R.P. Larkin. 2003. Identifying high-use stopover habitat using Doppler radar. Final report to The

    Nature Conservancy, Great Lakes Program.

    Diehl, R.H. and R.P. Larkin. 2005. Introduction to the WSR-88D (NEXRAD) for ornithological research. Pp. 876-

    888 in Bird Conservation Implementation and Integration in the Americas: Proceedings of the Third International

    Partners in Flight Conference. C.J. Ralph and T.D. Rich (eds.). USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report


    Diehl, R.H., R.P. Larkin, and J.E. Black. 2003. Radar observations of bird migration over the Great Lakes. The Auk


    Dierschke, V. and J. Delingat. 2001. Stopover behavior and departure decision of northern wheatears, Oenanthe

    oenanthe, facing different onward non-stop flight distances. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiology 50:535-545.

    Dierschke, V., B. Mendel, and H. Schmaljohann. 2005. Differential timing of spring migration in northern wheatears

    Oenanthe oenanthe: hurried males or weak females? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 57:470-480.

    Diogioia, H.G. 1974. Fall warblers in a suburban woodland. Oriole 39:1-5.

    Dingle, H. 1980. Ecology and evolution of migration. Pp. 1-101 in Animal migration, orientation, and navigation

    (S.A. Gauthreaux, Jr., ed.). Academic Press, New York.

    Dingle, H. 1996. Migration: the biology of life on the move. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

    Dingle, H. and V. Drake. 2007. What is migration? Bioscience 57:113-121.

    Dinsmore, J.J., T.H. Kent, D. Koenig, P.C. Petersen, and D.M. Roosa. 1984. Iowa Birds. Iowa State Univ. Press,


    Domagalski, R.C. 1999. Wisconsin record arrival and departure dates. The Passenger Pigeon 61:395-425.

    Donahue, M. 2007. Migrants, Mono Lake, monsoons, and molt. Birding 39:34-40.

    Donovan, T. and F. Thompson. 2001. Modeling the ecological trap hypothesis: A habitat and demographic analysis

    for songbirds. Ecological Applications 11:871-882.

    Drent, R.H., G. Eichhorn, A. Flagstad, A.J. Van der Graaf, K.E. Litvin, and J. Stahl. 2007. Migratory connectivity in

    Arctic geese: spring stopovers are the weak links in meeting targets for breeding. J. Ornithology 148 (Suppl. 2):


    Drent, R., A. Fox, and J. Stahl. 2006. Travelling to breed. Journal of Ornithology 147:122-134.

  • Dreyer, J., D. Hoekman, and C. Gratton. 2012. Lake-derived midges increase abundance of shoreline terrestrial

    arthropods via multiple trophic pathways. Oikos 121:252-258.

    Drury, W.H. and J.A. Keith. 1962. Radar studies of songbird migration in coastal New England. Ibis 104:449-489.

    Drury, W.H., Jr. and I.C.T. Nisbet. 1964. Radar studies of orientation of songbird migrants in southeastern New

    England. Bird-banding 35:69-119.

    Dugger, K.M., J. Faaborg, W.J. Arendt, and K.A. Hobson. 1994. Understanding survival and abundance of

    overwintering Warblers: Does rainfall matter? Condor 106:744-760.

    Duncan, C., B. Able, D. Ewert, M. Ford, S. Mabey, D. Mehlman, P. Patterson, R. Sutter, and M. Woodrey. 2002.

    Protecting stopover sites for forest-dwelling migratory birds. The Nature Conservancy Migratory Bird Program,

    Arlington, Virginia.

    Dunn, E.H. 2000. Temporal and spatial patterns in daily mass gain of Magnolia Warblers during migration. Auk


    Dunn, E.H. 2001. Mass change during migration stopover: a comparison of species groups and sites. Journal of

    Field Ornithology 72:419-432.

    Dunn, E.H. 2002. A cross-Canada comparison of mass change in birds during migration stopover. Wilson Bulletin


    Dunn, E.H., K.A. Hobson, I.I. Wassenaar, D.J.T. Hussell, and M.L. Allen. 2006. Identification of summer origins of

    songbirds migrating through southern Canada in autumn. Avian Conservation and Ecology 2:4-

    Dunn, E.H. and D.J.T. Hussell. 1995. Using migration counts to monitor landbird populations: review and evaluation

    of current status. Current Ornithology 12:43-88.

    Dunn, E.H., D.J.T. Hussell, and R.J. Adams. 1997. Monitoring songbird population change with autumn mist

    netting. Journal of Wildlife Management 61:389-396.

    Dziedzic, R.M. 2008. Spring stopover of forest- and shrub-dwelling migrants at a Great Lakes coastal wetland: the

    roles of habitat, arthropods, and phenology. M.S. thesis, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant.

    Eichenlaub, V.I. 1979. Weather and climate of the Great Lakes region. Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, Indiana.

    Ehrlich, P.R., D.S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye. 1988. The birder's handbook. Simon and Schuster, New York.

    Ellegren, H. 1993. Speed of migration and migratory flight lengths of passerine birds ringed during autumn

    migration in Sweden. Ornis Scandinavica 24:220-228.

    Ellegren, H. 1990. Timing of autumn migration of Bluethroats Luscinia s. svecica depends on timing of breeding.

    Ornis Fennica 67:13-17.

    Ellegren, H. 1991. Stopover ecology of autumn migrating Bluethroats Luscinia s. svecica in relation to age and sex.

    Ornis Scandinavica 22:340-348.

    .Elmore, J.B. and B. Palmer-Ball. 1991. Mortality of migrant birds at two central Kentucky TV towers. Kentucky

    Warbler 67:67-71.

    Elphick, C.S. 2008. Landscape effects on waterbird densities in California rice fields: taxonomic differences, scale-

    dependence, and conservation implications. Waterbirds 31:62-69.

  • Erni, B., F. Liechti, and B. Bruderer. 2002. Stopover strategies in passerine bird migration: a simulation study.

    Journal of Theoretical Biology 219:479-493.

    Erdman, T.C., T.O. Meyer, J.H. Smith, and D.M. Erdman. 1997. Autumn populations and movements of migrant

    Northern Saw-whet Owls (Aegolius acadicus) at Little Suamico, Wisconsin. Pp. 167-172 in Biology and

    conservation of owls in the Northern Hemisphere: 2nd International Symposium: 1997 February 5-9; Winnipeg,

    Manitoba. General Technical Report NC-190. St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S. Department of Agriculture, North Central

    Forest Experiment Station.

    Evans, D.L., G.J. Niemi, and M.A. Etterson. 2012. Autumn raptor banding at Hawk Ridge, Duluth, Minnesota

    U.S.A., 1972-2009:An overview. Journal of Raptor Research 46:36-49.

    Evans, P.R., N.C. Davidson, T. Piersma, and M.W. Pienkowski. 1991. Implications of habitat loss at migration

    staging posts for shorebird populations. Acta XX Congr. Internat. Ornithol. 2228-2235.

    .Evans, W.R. 1994. Nocturnal flight call of Bicknell's Thrush. Wilson Bull. 106:55-61.

    Evans, W.R. and D.K. Mellinger. 1999. Monitoring grassland birds in nocturnal migration. Studies in Avian Biology

    19:219-229 (can be downloaded at

    Evans-Ogden, L.J., K.A. Hobson, D.B. Lank, and S. Bittman. 2005. Stable isotope analysis reveals that agricultural

    habitat provides an important dietary component for nonbreeding dunlin. Avian Conservation and Ecology 1:3.

    [online] URL:

    Evans-Ogden, L.J., K. Martin, and T.D. Williams. 2013. Elevational differences in estimated fattening rates suggest

    that high-elevation sites are high quality habitats for fall migrants. The Auk 130:98-106.

    Ewert, D.N. 1982. Spring migration of loons at Whitefish Point, Michigan. Jack-Pine Warbler 60:135-143.

    Ewert, D.N. and M.J. Hamas. 1996. Ecology of migratory landbirds during migration in the midwest. Pp 200-208 in

    Management of midwestern landscapes for the conservation of neotropical migratory birds. Ed. F.R. Thompson, III.

    USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report NC-187, North Central Forest Exp. Sta.

    Ewert, D.N., G.J. Soulliere, R.D. Macleod, M.C. Shieldcastle, P.G. Rodewald, E. Fujimura, J. Shieldcastle, and R.J.

    Gates. 2006. Migratory bird stopover site attributes in the western Lake Erie basin. Final report, George Gund


    Ewert, D.N., M.J. Hamas, R.J. Smith, M.E. Dallman, and S.W. Jorgensen. 2011. Distribution of migratory landbirds

    along the northern Lake Huron shoreline. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123:536-547.

    Ewert, D.N., K.R. Hall, J.M. Wunderle, Jr., D. Currie, S.M. Rockwell, S.B. Johnson, and J.D. White. 2012. Duration

    and rate of spring migration of Kirtland’s Warblers. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 124:9-14.

    .Faaborg, J., M. Brittingham, T. Donovan and J.Blake. 1993. Habitat fragmentation in the temperate zone:

    perspective for managers. Pp 331-338 in Status and management of neotropical migratory birds. Eds. D.M. Finch

    and P.W. Stangel. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report RM-229.

    Faaborg, J., R.T. Holmes, A.D. Anders, K.L. Bildstein, K.M. Dugger, S.A. Gauthreaux, Jr., P. Heglund, K.A.

    Hobson, A.E. Jahn, D.H. Johnson, S.C. Latta, D.J. Levey, P.P. Marra, C.L. Merkford, E. Nol, S.I. Rothstein, T.W.

    Sherry, T.S. Sillett, F.R. Thompson III, and N. Warnock. 2010. Recent advances in understanding migration systems

    of New World land birds. Ecological Monographs 80:3-48.

    Faaborg, J., R.T. Holmes, A.D. Anders, K.L. Bildstein, K.M. Dugger, S.A. Gauthreaux, Jr., P. Heglund, K.A.

    Hobson, A.E. Jahn, D.H. Johnson, S.C. Latta, D.J. Levey, P.P. Marra, C.L. Merkford, E. Nol, S.I. Rothstein, T.W.

  • Sherry, T.S. Sillett, F.R. Thompson III, and N. Warnock. 2010. Conserving migratory land birds in the New World:

    Do we know enough? Ecological Applications 20:398-418.

    Fahrig, L. 1997. Relative effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on population extinction. Journal of Wildlife

    Management 61:603-610.

    Fahrig. L. 1998. When does fragmentation of breeding habitat affect population survival? Ecological Modelling


    Fairbairn, S.E. and J.J. Dinsmore. 2001. Local and landscape-level influences on wetland bird communities of the

    prairie pothole region of Iowa, USA. Wetlands 21:41-47.

    Farmer, A.H. and A.H. Parent. 1997. Effects of the landscape on shorebird movements at spring migration stopovers.

    Condor 85:139-150.

    Farmer, A. and F. Durbian. 2006. Estimating shorebird numbers at migration stopover sites. Condor 108:792-807.

    Farmer, C.J., D.J.T. Hussell, and D. Mizrahi. 2007. Detecting population trends in migratory birds of prey. The Auk


    Farmer, A.H., Jr. and A.H. Parent. 1997. Effects of the landscape on shorebird movements at spring migration

    stopovers. Condor 99:698-707.

    Farmer, A.H. and J.A. Wiens. 1998. Optimal migration schedules depend on the landscape and the physical

    environment: a dynamic modeling view. Journal of Avian Biology 29:405-415.

    Farmer, C.J., R.J. Bell, B. Droelet, L.J. Goodrich, E. Greenstone, D. Grove, D.J.T. Hussell, D. Mizrahi, F.J.

    Nicoletti, and J. Sodergren. 2008. Trends in autumn counts of migratory raptors in northeastern North America,

    1974—2004. Pages 179-215 in K.L. Bildstein, B.P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzuzuna, and R.R. Veit (eds.). State of North

    America’s birds of prey. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A. and American Ornithologists’ Union,

    Washington, D.C. U.S.A.

    Farmer, C.J., L.J. Goodrich, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and J.P. Smith. 2008. Conservation status of North America’s birds

    of prey. Pages 303-419 in K.L. Bildstein, B.P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzuzuna, and R.R. Veit (eds.). State of North

    America’s birds of prey. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A. and American Ornithologists’ Union,

    Washington, D.C. U.S.A.

    Farnsworth, A. 2005. Flight calls and their value for future ornithological studies and conservation research. The

    Auk 122:733-746.

    Farley, G.H., L.M. Ellis, J.N. Stuart, and N.J. Scott, Jr. 1994. Avian species richness in different-aged stands of

    riparian forest along the middle Rio Grande, New Mexico. Conserv. Biol. 8:1098-1108.

    Fasola, M. and F. Fraticelli. 1990. Non-competitive habitat use by foraging passerines during spring migrations.

    Ethol. Ecol. Evol. 2:363-371.

    Felix, Jr., R.K., R.H. Diehl, and J.M. Ruth. 2008. Seasonal passerine migratory movements over the arid southwest.

    Studies in Avian Biology 37:126-137.

    Ferns, P.N. 1975. Feeding behavior of autumn passage migrants in northeast Portugal. Ringing and Migration 1:3-


    Feucht, C.J. 2003. Is Lake Michigan’s Door Peninsula a significant stopover site for migratory birds? Thesis,

    University of Wisconsin, Green Bay.

  • Ficken, M.S. and R.W. Ficken. 1967. Age-specific differences in the breeding behavior and ecology of the American

    Redstart. Wilson Bull. 79:188-199.

    Finch, D.W. 1975. The spring migration, April 1-May 31, 1974, Northeastern Maritime region. Amer. Birds


    Finch, D.M. and P.W. Stangel (eds.). 1993. Status and managment of Neotropical migratory birds. USDA Forest

    Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-229, Rocky Mtn. For. Range Exp. Station, Fort Collins, CO.

    Fitzgerald, T.M. and P.D. Taylor. 2008. Migratory orientation of juvenile Yellow-rumped Warblers (Dendroica

    coronata) following stopover, sources of variation and the importance of geographic origins. Behavioral Ecology

    and Sociobiology 62:1499-1508.

    Fischer, R.A., S.A. Gauthreaux, Jr., J.J. Valente, M.P. Guilfoyle, and M.D. Kaller. 2012. Comparing transect survey

    and WSR-88D radar methods for monitoring daily changes in stopover migrant communities. Journal of Field

    Ornithology 83:61-72.

    Fogden, M.P.L. 1972. Premigratory dehydration in the reed warbler, Acrocephalus scirpaceus, and water as a factor

    limiting migratory range. Ibis 114:548-552.

    Forsyth, B.J. and D. James. 1971. Springtime movements of transient nocturnally migrating landbirds in the gulf

    coastal bend of Texas. Condor 73:193-207.

    Fortin, D., F. Liechti, and B. Bruderer. 1999. Variation in the nocturnal flight behavior of migratory birds along the

    northwest coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Ibis 141:480-488.

    Fox, A.D., J.O. Hilmarsson, O. Einarsson, A.J. Walsh, H. Boyd, and J.N. Kristiansen. 2002. Staging site fidelity of

    Greenland White-fronted Geese Anser albifrons flavirostris in Iceland. Bird Study 49:42-49.

    France, K.E., M. Burger, T.G. Howard, M.D. Schlesinger, K.A. Perkins, M. MacNeil, D. Klein, and D.N. Ewert.

    2012. Final report for Lake Ontario migratory bird stopover project. Prepared by The Nature Conservancy for the

    New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, in fulfillment of a grant from the New York Great

    Lakes Protection Fund (C303907).

    .Francis, C.M. and F.Cooke.1986. Differential timing of spring migration in wood warblers (Parulinae). Auk


    Francis, C.M. and F. Cooke. 1990. Differential timing of spring migration of the Rose-breasted Grosbeak. J.Field

    Ornithol. 61:404-412.

    Francis, C.M. and D. Hussell. 1998. Changes in numbers of land birds counted in migration at Long Point Bird

    Observatory, 1961-1997. Bird Populations 4:37-66.

    Franke, A., J.F. Therrien, S. Descamps, and J. Bety. 2011. Climatic conditions during outward migration affect

    apparent survival of an arctic top predator, the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus). Journal of Avian Biology


    Fransson, T. 1995. Timing and speed of migration in North and West European populations of Sylvia warblers.

    Journal of Avian Biology 26:39-48.

    Fransson, T. and S. Jakobsson. 1998. Fat storage in male Willow Warblers in spring: Do residents arrive lean or fat?

    Auk 115:759-763.

  • Fraser, K.C., B.J.M. Stutchbury, P. Kramer, C. Silverio, J. Barrow, D. Newstead, N. Mickle, T. Shaheen, P.

    Mammenga, K. Applegate, E. Bridge, and J. Tautin. 2013. Consistent range-wide pattern in fall migration strategy of

    Purple Martin (Progne subis), despite different migration routes at the Gulf of Mexico. Auk 130:291-296.

    Freemark, K.E., J.B. Dunning, S.J. Heijl, and J.B. Probst. 1995. A landscape ecology perspective for research,

    conservation, and management. Pp. 381-427 In Ecology and management of neotropical migratory birds: a synthesis

    and review of critical issues. T.E. Martin and D.M. Finch (eds.), Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 489 pp.

    .French, R. 1994. Herring Gulls preying upon passerines at the Whitefish Point Bird Observatory. Michigan Birds

    and Natural History 1:12-13.

    Fretwell, S.D. and H.L. Lucas, Jr. 1970. On territorial behavior and other factors influencing habitat distribution in

    birds. I. Theoretical development. Acta Biotheor. 19:16-36.

    Fudickar, A.M., M. Wikelski, and J. Partecke. 2010. Tracking migratory songbirds: accuracy of light-level loggers

    (geolocators) in forest habitats. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3:47-52.

    Fuller, M.R., W.S. Seegar and L.S. Schueck. 1998. Routes and travel rates of migrating Peregrine Falcons Falco

    peregrinus and Swainson’s Hawks Buteo swainsoni in the Western Hemisphere. Journal of Avian Biology 29:433-


    Gabbe, A.P., S.K. Robinson, and J.D. Brawn. 2002. Tree-species preferences of foraging insectivorous birds:

    implications for floodplain forest restoration. Conservation Biology 16:462-470.

    Gabrey, S.W. 1996. Migration and dispersal in Great Lakes Ring-billed and Herring Gulls. Journal of Field

    Ornithology 67:327-339.

    Gage, S.H., C.A. Miller, and L.J. Mook. 1970. The feeding response of some forest birds to the black-headed

    budworm. Can. J. Zool. 48:359-366.

    Gagnon, F., M. Bélisle, J. Ibarzabal, P. Vaillancourt, and J.-P. L. Savard. 2010. A comparison between nocturnal

    aural counts of passerines and radar reflectivity from a Canadian weather surveillance radar. Auk 127:119-128.

    Gagnon. F., J. Ibarzabal, J.-P.L. Savard, M. Bélisle, and P. Vaillancourt. 2011. Autumnal patterns of nocturnal

    passerine migration in the St. Lawrence estuary region, Quebec, Canada: a weather radar study. Canadian Journal of

    Zoology 89:31-46.

    Gannes, L.A. 2001. Comparative fuel use of migrating passerines: effects of fat stores, migration distance, and diet.

    The Auk 118:665-677.

    Gannes, L.Z. 2002. Mass change patterns of Blackcaps refueling during spring migration: evidence for physiological

    limitations to food assimilation. Condor 104:231-239.

    Gates, R.J., D.F. Caithamer, W.E. Moritz, and T.C. Tacha. 2001. Bioenergetics and nutrition of Mississippi Valley

    population Canada Goose during winter and migration. Wildlife Monographs 146:1-65.

    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr. 1971. A radar and direct visual study of passerine spring migration in southern Louisiana. Auk


    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr. 1972. Behavioral responses of migrating birds to daylight and darkness: a radar and direct

    visual study. Wilson Bull. 84:136-148.

    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr. 1975. Coastal hiatus of spring trans-Gulf bird migration. Pp. 85-91 in A rationale for

  • Hershman, R.D. Adams, K.D. Midboe, and B.B. Barrett, eds.). Center for Wetland Resources, Louisiana State

    Univ., Baton Rouge.

    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr. 1972. Behavioral responses of migrating birds to daylight and darkness: a radar and direct

    visual study. Wilson Bulletin 84:136-148.

    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr. 1979. Priorities in bird migration studies. Auk 96:813-815.

    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr. 1980. The influence of global climatological factors on the evolution of bird migratory

    pathways. Proc. XVIIth Internat. Ornithol. Congr. 517-525.

    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr. 1980. The influences of long-term and short-term climatic changes on the dispersal and

    migration of organisms. Pp. 103-174 in Animal Migration, orientation, and navigation (W. Keeton and H. Wallraff,

    eds.). Academic Press, New York.

    .Gauthreaux, S.A. 1982. The ecology and evolution of avian migration systems. In Farner,D.S. and J.R. King (eds.).

    Avian Biol. 6:93-167. Academic Press, New York and London.

    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr. 1982. Age dependent orientation in migratory birds. Pp. 68-74 in Avian Migration (F. Papi

    and H. Wallraff, eds.). Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.

    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr. 1996. Bird migration: methodologies and major research trajectories (1945-1995). Condor


    Gauthreaux, S. and C.Belser. 1998. Displays of bird movements on the WSR-88D: Patterns and quantification.

    Weather and Forecasting 13:453-464.

    Gauthreaux, S. and C. Belser. 1999. Bird migration in the region of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 1931-1947 in

    Proceedings of the International Ornithological Congress. N.J. Adams and R.H. Slotow (eds.). Birdlife South

    Africa, Durban.

    Gauthreaux, S.A., Jr., and C.G. Belser. 2003. Radar ornithology and biological conservation. The Auk 120:266-277.

    Gauthreaux, S. and C. Belser. 2005. Radar ornithology and the conservation of migratory birds. Pages 871-875 in

    C.J. Ralph and T. Rich, eds. Bird Conservation Implementation and Integration in the Americas: Proceedings of the

    Third International Partners in Flight Conference. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-191. U.S. Department of

    Agriculture, Albany, California.

    Gauthreaux, S., C. Belser, and D. van Blaricom. 2003. Using a network of WSR88-D weather surveillance radars to

    define patterns of bird migration at large spatial scales. Pages 3335-346 in P. Gerthold, E. Gwinner, and E.

    Sonneenschein, eds. Avian Migration. Springer Verlag, Berlin.

    Gauthreaux, S.A. and J.W. Livingston. 2006. Monitoring bird migration with a fixed-beam radar and a thermal-

    imaging camera. Journal of Field Ornithology 77:319-328.

    Gellin, C.E. and S.R. Morris. 2001. Patterns of movement during passerine migration on an island stopover site.

    Northeastern Naturalist 8:253-266.

    Gentry, D. 2006. Species richness and nesting success of migrant forest birds in natural river corridors and

    anthropogenic woodlands in southeastern South Dakota. Condor 108:140-153.

    Getty, T. and H.R.Pulliam. 1993. Search and prey detection by foraging sparrows. Ecology 74:734-742.

    Gienapp, P., R. Leimu, and J. Merilä. 2007. Responses to climate change in avian migration time-microevolution

    versus phenotypic plasticity. Clim. Res. 35:25-35.

  • Golley, F.B. 1957. Habitats of spring migrants at East Lansing, Michigan. Jack-Pine Warbler 35: 93-95.

    Gonzalez-Prieto, A.M., K.A. Hobson, N.J. Bayly, and C. Gomez. 2011. Geographic origins and timing of fall

    migration of the Veery in northern Colombia. Condor 113:860-868.

    Goodpasture, K.A. 1979. A transient Magnolia Warbler returns. Bird-Banding 50:265.

    Goodrich, L.J. and J.P. Smith. 2008. Raptor migration in North America. Pp. 37-150 in State of North America’s

    birds of prey. K.L. Bildstein, J.P. Smith, E.R. Inzunza, and R.R. Veit (eds.). Nuttall Ornithological Club,

    Cambridge, Massachusetts and American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C.

    Gordo, O. 2007. Why are bird migration dates shifting? A review of weather and climate effects on avian migratory

    phenology. Climate Research 35:37-58.

    Gordo, O., L. Brotons, X. Ferrer, and P. Comas. 2005. Do changes in climate patterns in wintering areas affect the

    timing of the spring arrival of trans-Saharan migrant birds? Global Change Biology 11:12-21.

    Gordo, O. and J.J. Sanz. 2006. Climate change and bird phenology: a long-term study in the Iberian Peninsula.

    Global Change Biology 12:1993-2004.

    Gordo, O. and J.J. Sanz. 2008. The relative importance of conditions in wintering and passage areas on spring arrival

    dates:the case of long-distance Iberian migrants. Journal of Ornithology 149:199-210.

    Gordon, C.E. and B.N. Larsen. 2008. Capital versus income-based strategies for fueling spring migration in North

    American passerines. Unpublished report, Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, Illinois.

    Gordon, C.E., B. Skinner, and R. Gratis. 2002. Chicagoland’s first spring migration bird banding station: first year of

    results and comparison with other North American data sets. Meadowlark 11:122-129.

    Gosler, A.G., J.J.D. Greenwood, and C. Perrins. 1995. Predation risk and the cost of being fat. Nature 377:621-623.

    Goymann, W., F. Spina, A. Ferri, and L. Fusani. 2010. Body fat influences departure from stopover sites in

    migratory birds: evidence from whole-island telemetry. Biology Letters 6:478-481.

    Graber, J.W. and R.R. Graber. 1980. Migrant warblers and Illinois forests. Ill. Nat. Hist. Survey. Rep. 202: 2.

    .Graber, J.W. and R.R. Graber. 1983. Feeding rates of warblers in spring. Condor 85: 139-150.

    Graber, R.R. 1965. Night flight with a thrush. Audubon 67:368-374.

    .Graber, R.R. and J.W. Graber. 1951. Nesting of the Parula Warbler in Michigan. Wilson Bull. 63:75-83.

    Graber, R.R., J.W. Graber and E.L. Kirk. 1974. Illinois birds:Tyrannidae. Illinois Nat. Hist. Surv. Biol. Notes No.86.

    Graber, J.W. and R.R. Graber. 1983. Feeding rates of warblers in spring. Condor 85:139-150.

    .Gray, L.J. 1993. Response of insectivorous birds to emerging aquatic insects in riparian habitats of a tallgrass prairie

    stream. Amer. Midl. Nat. 129:288-300.

    Greenberg, R. 1980. Demographic aspects of long-distance migration. In Migrant birds in the neotropics: ecology,

    behavior, distribution and conservation, ed. A. Keast and E.S. Morton, pp. 493-504. Smithsonian Institution Press,

    Washington, D.C.

    Greenberg, R. 1981. Frugivory in some migrant tropical forest wood warblers. Biotropica 13:215-223.

  • Greenberg, R. 1983. The role of neophobia in determining the degree of foraging specialization in some migrant

    warblers. Amer. Nat. 122:444-453.

    Greenberg, R. 1984. Neophobia in the foraging-site selection of a Neotropical migrant bird: an experimental study.

    Proc. Natl. Acad. Aci. 81:3778-3780.

    Greenberg, R. 1984. The winter exploitation system of Bay-breasted and Chestnut-sided Warblers in Panama. Calif.

    Publ. Zool. 116:1-120.

    Greenberg, R. 1986. Competition in migrant birds during the nonbreeding season. Current Ornithol. 3:281-307.

    .Greenberg, R. 1990. Ecological plasticity, neophobia, and resource use in birds. Studies in Avian Biology 13:431-


    Greenberg, R. and J. Gradwahl. 1980. Observations of paired Canada Warblers Wilsonia canadensis in the non-

    breeding season. Ibis 122:509-512.

    Greenberg, R. and P.P. Marra. 2005. Birds of Two Worlds. The ecology and evolution of migration. Smithsonian

    Institution, Washington, D.C. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.

    Greenberg, R., J. Salgado, I. Warkentin, and P. Bichier. In press. Managed forest patches and the conservation of

    migratory birds in Chiapas, Mexico. In Proc. Symp. on the Conservation of Neotrop. Migratory Birds in Mexico,

    Catemaco, Mexico.

    Grevles, K.M. 1998. Monitoring of migratory birds and identification of their stopover and breeding habitats in four

    state parks along the western Lake Michigan shoreline. Unpublished report, Michigan State Parks Division.

    .Grigg, W. 1994. Migration monitoring at North Point, Alpena County, Michigan during the spring of 1994.

    Unpublished report.

    Grubb, T.C., Jr. and L. Greenwald. 1982. Sparrows and a brushpile: foraging response to different combinations of

    predation risk and energy cost. Anim. Behav. 32:120-131.

    Grundel, R. and N.B. Pavlovic. 2007. Distinctiveness, use, and value of Midwestern oak savannas and woodlands as

    avian habitats. Auk 124:969-985.

    Grundel, R. and N.B. Pavlovic. 2007. Response of bird species densities to habitat structure and fire history along a

    Midwestern open-forest gradient. Condor 109:734-749.

    Grveles, K.M. 1998. Monitoring of migratory birds and identification of their stopover and breeding habitats in four

    state parks along the western Lake Michigan shoreline. Unpublished report, Michigan State Parks Division.

    Grveles, K.M., S.W. Matteson, S. Eichorst, and K. Kreitinger. 2011. Protecting bird migration stopover habitat in

    the western Great Lakes: Final report. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Endangered Species Program.

    .Guinan, D.M. and S.G. Sealy. 1987. Diet of House Wrens (Troglodytes aedon) and the abundance of the

    invertebrate prey in the dune-ridge forest, Delta Marsh, Manitoba. Can. J. Zool. 65:1587-1596.

    Gunn, W.W.H. 1948. Reverse migration over Lake Erie. Wilson Bull. 60:67.

    Gunn, W.W.H. 1951. Reverse migration in the Pelee region in relation to the weather. Ph.D. diss., Univ. of Toronto.

    Gutzwiller, K.J. and S.H. Anderson. 1992. Interception of moving organisms: influences of patch shape, size, and

    orientation on community structure. Landscape Ecology 6:293-303.

  • Guzy, M. and C. Ribic. 2007. Post-breeding season habitat use and movements of Eastern Meadowlarks in

    southwestern Wisconsin. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119:198-204.

    Gwinner, E. 2008. Circannual clocks in avian reproduction and migration. Ibis 138:47-63.

    Gwinner, E., H. Biebach, and I.V. Kries. 1984. Food availability affects migratory restlessness in caged garden

    warblers (Sylvia borin). Naturwissenschaften 72:51-52.

    .Hagan, J.M., T.L. Lloyd-Evans, and J.T. Atwood. 1991. The relationship between latitude and the timing of spring

    migration of North American landbirds. Ornis. Scandinavica 22:129-136.

    .Hall, G.A. 1981. Fall migration patterns of wood warblers in the southern Appalachians. J. Field Ornithol. 52:45-


    Hall, G.A. and R.K. Bell. 1981. The diurnal migration of passerines along an Appalachian ridge. Amer. Birds


    Hall, K.R. and T.L. Root. 2012. Climate change and biodiversity in the Great Lakes region: from “fingerprints” of

    change to helping safeguard species. Pp. 63-95 In Climate change in the Great Lakes Region. Navigating and

    Uncertain Future. T.Dietz and D. Bidwell, eds. Michigan State University Press, East Lansing.

    Hallinger, K.K., D.J. Zabransky, K.A. Kazmer, and D.A. Cristol. 2010. Birdsong differs between mercury-polluted

    and reference sites. Auk 127:156-161.

    Hallworth, M.T., C.E. Studds, T.S. Sillett, and P.P. Marra. 2013. Do archival light-level geolocators and stable

    hydrogen isotopes provide comparable estimates of breeding-ground origin? Auk 130:273-282.

    Hamel, P.B. 1992. Land manager's guide to the birds of the South. The Nature Conservancy, Chapel Hill, North


    Hann, H.W. 1937. Life history of the Oven-bird in southern Michigan. Wilson Bull. 49:145-237.

    Hanowski, J.M., G.J. Niemi and J.G. Blake. 1993? Seasonal abundance and composition of forest bird communities

    adjacent to a right-of-way in northern forests USA. In Proceedings Environmental Concerns in Rights-of-way

    Management, 5th International Symposium, pp 276-283, eds. G.J. Doucet, C. Segun and M. Giguere.

    .Hanowski, J.M., J.G. Blake, G.J. Niemi, and P.T.Collins. 1993. Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic

    fields on breeding and migrating birds. American Midland Naturalist 129:96-115.

    Hansson, M. and J. Pettersson. 1989. Competition and fat deposition in Goldcrests (Regulus regulus) at a migration

    stopover site. Vogelwarte 35:21-31.

    Harmata, W. 1980. Phenological dynamics of arrivals and departures on migratory birds in Cracov, Polan, and the

    environments in the 19th and 20th century. International Journal of Biometrology 24:137-140.

    Harrison, X.A., J.D. Blount, R. Inger, D.R. Norris, and S. Bearhop. 2011. Carry-over effects as drivers of fitness

    differences in animals. Journal of Animal Ecology80:4-18.

    Hays, Q.R. 2008. Stopover behavior and refueling physiology in relation to migration distance in Wilson’s Warblers

    (Wilsonia pusilla). M.S. thesis, University of Western Ontario, London.

    Hebrard, J.J. 1971. The nightly initiation of passerine migration in spring: a direct visual study. Ibis 113:8-18.

  • Heckscher, C.M., S.M. Taylor, J.W. Fox, and V. Afanasyev. 2011. Veery (Catharus fuscescens) wintering locations,

    migratory connectivity, and a revision of its winter range using geolocators technology. Auk 128:531-542.

    Hedenström, A. 2008. Adaptations to migration in birds: behavioural strategies, morphology and scaling effects.

    Philos. T. Royal Society B. 363:287-299.

    Hedenström, A. and T. Alerstam. 1997. Optimum fuel loads in migratory birds: distinguishing between time and

    energy minimization. Journal of Theoretical Biology 189:227-234.

    Hedenström, A., Z. Barta, B. Helm, A.I. Houston, J.M. McNamara and N. Jonzen. 2007. Migration speed and

    scheduling of annual events by migrating birds in relation to climate change. Climate Research 35:79-91.

    Hedenström, A. and J. Pettersson. 1987. Migration routes and wintering areas of Willow Flycatchers Phylloscopus

    trochilus (L.) ringed in Fennoscandia. Ornis Fennica 64:137-143.

    Heglund, P.J. and S.K. Skagen. 2005. Ecology and physiology of en route Nearctic-Neotropical migratory birds: a

    call for collaboration. Condor 107:193-196.

    Heinrich, B. and R. Bell. 1995. Winter food of a small insectivorous bird, the Golden-crowned Kinglet. Wilson

    Bull. 107:558-561.

    Helms, C.W. and W.H. Drury, Jr. 1960. Winter and migratory weight and fat: field studies on some North American

    buntings. Bird-Banding 31:1-40.

    Herrera, C.M. 1978. Ecological correlates of residence and nonresidence in a

    Meditteranean passerine bird community. J. Anim. Ecol. 47:871-890.

    Hess, P. 2007. Migrants’ sleeping behavior. Birding 39:30-31.

    Hess, P. 2008. First year migrants may need experience. Birding 40:34.

    Hetse, C.D. and F.R. Moore. 2003. Age-related differences in foraging efficiency, molt, and fat deposition of Gray

    Catbirds prior to autumn migration. Condor 105:496-504.

    Hildén, O. 1965. Habitat selection in birds: a review. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 2:53-75.

    Hildén, O. and P. Saurola. 1982. Speed of autumn migration of birds ringed in Finland. Ornis Fennica 59:140-143.

    .Hill, N.P. and J.M. Hagan III. 1991. Population trends of some northeastern North American landbirds: a half-

    century of data. Wilson Bull. 103:165-182.

    .Hilsenhoff, W. 1974. Spring migration of warblers in the vicinity of Madison, Wisconsin. The Passenger Pigeon


    Hilsenhoff, W.L. 2002. What happened to the spring bird migration in Wisconsin? The Passenger Pigeon 64:133-


    Hixon, M.A., F.L. Carpenter, and D.C. Paton. 1983. Territory area, flower density, and time budgeting in

    hummingbirds: an experimental and theoretical analysis. Amer. Nat. 122:366-391.

    Hobson, K.A. 2005. Stable isotopes and the determination of avian migratory connectivity and seasonal interactions.

    The Auk 122:1037-1048.

    Hobson, K.A. 2005. Flying fingerprints. Pages 235-248 In Birds of Two Worlds. The Ecology and evolution of

    migration. (R. Greenberg and P.P. Marra, editors). John Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

  • Hobson, K.A., R. Greenberg, S.L. Van Wilgenburg, and C. Mettke-Hofmann. 2010. Migratory connectivity in the

    Rusty Blackbird: isotopic evidence from feathers of historical and contemporary specimens. Condor 112:778-788.

    Hobson, K.A., S. Van Wilgenburg, L.I. Wassenaar, F. Moore, and J. Farrington. 2007. Estimating origins of three

    species of neotropical migrant songbirds at a Gulf Coast stopover site: Combining stable isotope and GIS tools.

    Condor 109:256-267.

    Hodges, M.F.and D.G. Krementz. 1996. Neotropical migratory breeding bird communitiesin riparian forest of

    different widths along the Altamaha River, Georgia. Wilson Bull. 108:496-506.

    Hoekman, D., J. Dreyer, R.D. Jackson, P.A. Townsend, and C. Gratton. 2011. Lake to land subsidies: experimental

    addition of aquatic insects increases terrestrial arthropod densities. Ecology 92:2063-2072.

    Holberton, R.L., J.D. Parrish, and J.C. Wingfield. 1996. Modulation of the adrenocortical stress response in

    neotropical migrants during autumn migrration. Auk 113:558-564.

    Holland, J.D., D.G. Bert, and L. Fahrig. 2004. Determining the spatial scale of species’ response to habitat.

    Bioscience 54:227-233.

    .Holmes, R.T. and S.K. Robinson. 1981. Tree species preferences of foraging insectivorous birds in a northern

    hardwoods forest. Oecologia 48:31-35.

    Holmes, R.T. and J.C. Schultz. 1988. Food availability for forest birds: effects of prey distribution and abundance on

    bird foraging. Can. J. Zool. 66:720-728.

    Holmes, R.T., J.C. Schultz, and P. Nothnagle. 1979. Bird predation on forest insects: an exclosure experiment.

    Science 206:462-463.

    Holmes, R.T., T.W. Sherry, and S.E. Bennett. 1978. Diurnal and individual variability in the foraging behavior of

    American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla). Oecologia 36:141-149.

    Holmgren, N. and S. Lundberg. 1993. Despotic behaviour and the evolution of migration patterns in birds. Ornis

    Scand. 24:103-109.

    Hoppes, W.G. 1987. Pre- and post-foraging movements of frugivorous birds in an

    eastern deciduous forest woodland, USA. Oikos 49:281-290.

    Hostetler, M., S. Duncan, and J. Paul. 2005. Post-construction effects of an urban development on migrating resident

    and wintering birds. Southeastern Naturalist 4:421-434.

    Houston, A.I. 1998. Models of optimal avian migration: state, time and predation. Journal of Avian Biology 29:395-


    Houston, C.S. and S. J. Shadick. 1974. The spring migration, April 1-May 31, 1974. Northern Great Plains. Amer.

    Birds 28:814-817.

    Howe, H.F.and D. DeSteven. 1979. Fruit abundance, migrant bird visitation, and seen dispersal of Guarea alabra in

    Panama. Oecologia 39:185-196.

    Howe, R.W. 1984. Local dynamics of bird assemblages in small forest habitat islands in Australia and North

    America. Ecology 65:1585-1601.

    .Hubbard, J.P. 1965. Migration of the Black-throated Blue Warbler in southern Michigan. Jack-Pine Warbler


  • Hughes, R.N. 1993. Diet selection: An interdisciplinary approach to foraging behavior. Oxford: Blackwell Science


    Hüppop, O., J. Dierschke, K. Exo, E. Fredrich, and R. Hill. 2006. Bird migration studies and potential collision risk

    with offshore wind turbines. Ibis 148(s1):90-109.

    Hüppop, O. and W. Winkel. 2006. Climate change and timing of spring migration in long-distance migratory birds.

    Science 312:1959-1961.

    Hüppop, O. and W. Winkel. 2006. Climate change and timing of spring migration in the long-di