Ben Ferguson. Winged Elm, Ulmus alata Michx., has also been called Wahoo Elm.

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WINGED ELM Ben Ferguson

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Winged Elm

Winged ElmBen FergusonWinged ElmWinged Elm, Ulmus alata Michx., has also been called Wahoo Elm. ClassificationKingdom Plantae (Plants)Subkingdom Tracheobionta (Vascular plants)Superdivision Spermatophyta (Seed plants)Division Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)Class Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)Subclass HamamelididaeOrder UrticalesFamily Ulmaceae (Elm family)Genus Ulmus L. (Elm)Species Ulmus alata Michx. (Winged elm)Shape, Form, TypeThe Winged elm is a small to medium tree that can grow to 60 feet in height. They have smaller crowns that are oblong and fairly narrow.

Figure 1BarkThe bark is dark gray in color. There are shallow furrows in the bark.

Figure 2twigThe twigs are slender and gray or brown in color. They can be either smooth or slightly hairy and are up to inch thick.

Figure 3leafThe leaves are simple and they alternate. The blades are pointed at the tip, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate and they are asymmetrical at the base. They grow up to three inches in length, and are doubly toothed. They are green and smooth/slightly rough on the surface and paler and hairy on the bottom. The leafstalks are short, stout, and hairy.

Figure 4budThe buds are narrow and pointed. They are brown in color and are smooth/slightly hairy and are in long.

Figure 5flowerThe flowers grow in drooping clusters of 2 to 7. They appear before the leaves unfold and they are greenish, small, and hairy.

Figure 6fruitThe fruit of the Winged elm are oblong and winged. They are up to 1/3 inched long and hairy along the edge of the fruit. The wings are notched at the top of the fruit and each one surrounds a central seed.

Figure 7Habitat and rangeWinged elms can be found along dry cliffs, wooded slopes, and sometimes in low woods. They reach from Virginia to Missouri, south to Texas and east to Florida.

Figure 8usesThey can be used as firewood, tool handles and can be made into small wooden articles. References images Figure 1 Retrieved 6/24/10 Figure 2 Retrieved 6/24/10 Figure 3 Retrieved 6/24/10 Figure 4 Retrieved 6/24/10 Figure 5 Retrieved 6/24/10 Figure 6 Retrieved 6/24/10 Figure 7 Retrieved 6/24/10 Figure 8 Retrieved 6/24/10

References information Retrieved 6/24/10Mohlenbrock, R. H. Forest trees of illinois. Retrieved 6/24/10