Baroque Instrumental Music - King's Park Secondary Baroque music. â€کcontraâ€™ means...
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Baroque Instrumental Music
• Played a key role throughout the baroque period.
• It played in both ensemble music and solo pieces.
• Another prominent instrument in this era.
• Played using one or more manuals and a pedal board.
• It uses wind moving through metal or wood pipes to create sound
• Most Distinguishing features
• Continually played throughout music
• Bass line – Cello, or bassoon
• Chord playing instrument – harpsichord, organ or lute
• Improvise chords
• Filling out Harmonies
• Italian for big concert
• Musical material is passed between 2 sections
• Concertino (soloist group)
• Ripieno (full orchestra)
This contrast of small group to large group and one thematic group against another is very characteristic of Baroque ideology — similar to terraced dynamics where the idea is significant contrast
• A recurring passage
• Always played by tutti (full orchestra)
• Often heard in different keys
• Most common in solo concerto
• A collection of pieces of music – dances
• Instrumental or Orchestral
• Usually in the same key
• Contrapuntal piece
• Based on a theme (Subject)
• Subject is imitated throughout piece
• Exposition exposes Subject
• Subject is played in Dominant (Answer)
• Episode is music between playings of Subject
To fully understand
Fugue we will need to do more
work on this.
• Based on variations over a ground bass
• 3/4 time
• Usually in a minor key
• Based on variations over a short chord progression
• Usually in a major key
• Based on a Chorale melody
• May contain Theme and Variation
Chorale Prelude Continued… • Example: Look at A, this is the melody of the
Chorale ‘Wachet Auf’
• Now look at B, this is built up from the idea given in the original Chorale and is now a piece for organ – A Chorale Prelude. PLAY
Bach Chorale Prelude 'Wachet auf, ruft ans die Stimme'.wma
• Signalled opening of Opera and Oratorio
• Orchestral work
• A crushed dissonant note of the shortest possible duration played before or after the main note or chord and immediately released.
• A musical ornament (chiefly from the 18 century) of an auxiliary note falling or rising to a harmonised note. There are two possible ways of writing this as you can see from the examples below.
• Rapid and repeated movement between two adjacent notes
• Four notes which turn round the main note with the note itself, the note above the note itself, the note below.
• An ornament or grace note consisting of a single rapid alternation of the principal note, a note a semitone lower and the note itself.
• There is also an inverted mordent. The principal note, a note a semitone higher and the note itself.
Contrapuntal – is the term used to describe the texture of much
Baroque music. ‘contra’ means against, and you will find the
various parts of the music moving ‘against’ each other.
Contrapuntal music has two or more melodies played at the
same time. They will however, still harmonise.
Polyphonic – means many sounds and is another way of
describing music which has more than one melody which fit
Homophonic – is the opposite of polyphonic.
Homophonic music has one main tune, which is accompanied
by bass and harmony parts.