Baroque Era. Baroque The term baroque was not a complement – it originally meant overdone –...
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BaroqueThe term baroque was not a complement it originally meant overdone too many notes in music, too much color in painting, and too grand in architecture.It has come to include the following definitions:Elaborate ornamentationDramatic effectEnlarged spaceHeightened sensuality combined with spiritualityOrnate
Baroque Art and ArchitectureStarted in the Catholic countries and seen as a reaction to the Protestant Reformation see how great Catholicism is
More Baroque Architecture
Baroque ArtIn Catholic countries the church financed most art, in Protestant countries it was wealthy businessmen who financed art. In other areas of Europe it is defined by a style of art that shows great contrast between light and dark and the use of oil paints.Berninis The Ecstasy of St. Theresa was considered too erotic for the Vatican.
More Bernini Bodies and Movement
Michelangelo Caravaggio -- ItalianAmor Vincit Omnia(1602) Oil on CanvasLove Conquers AllUsed light to display drama.Light usually signified God or heavenly intervention.
Bacchus Caravaggio (1595)Not afraid to use pagan Greek and Roman figures in art.
The Crucifixion of Saint Peter
The Decapitation of Saint John the Baptist
The Inspiration of St. Matthew
Judith Slaying Holofernes (1598)
The Female CaravaggioArtemisia GentileschiWorked in her fathers studio.Violently raped prosecuted rapist
PortraitsMany baroque artists painted portraits for royalty and the wealthy.Velazquezs Las Meninas is a famous example.Rated by Art Historians as best painting in the world.Painting includes paintings by Rubens
Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675)Wealthy Dutch merchants were still very religious but certainly were not inclined to give their money to the Catholic church.
Use their wealth to enrich their surroundings.
This trend was subtly recognized in Vermeers art.Girl with the Pearl Earring (1665)
Woman with a balance (Vermeer)
Sometimes art was used to teach a moral lesson.
What is the lesson here?
RembrandtHow does this painting depict the art an culture of its day (past AP Euro question)?
Peter Paul Rubans fleshy subjects especially women!)
The Three Graces (1635)
French Baroque (Begins Neoclassical Era in Art History)Poussin
French BaroqueFrench baroque painting included many natural landscapes, but the only thing you should care about here is Louis XIV building of Versailles.