Baroness Tonge UK All Party Parliamentary Group on Population and Development.

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Baroness Tonge UK All Party Parliamentary Group on Population and Development

Transcript of Baroness Tonge UK All Party Parliamentary Group on Population and Development.

Page 1: Baroness Tonge UK All Party Parliamentary Group on Population and Development.

Baroness TongeUK All Party Parliamentary Group on

Population and Development

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Background to Maternal Morbidity Hearing

... you say ‘around half a million women die every year in childbirth’. We have to add to that, that millions of women are permanently disabled and have their lives ruined by childbirth every year – some of them might even be better off dead!

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Obstetric Fistula

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Prolapsed Uterus

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Unsafe Abortion

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Haemorrhage

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Infections (including STIs and HIV/AIDS)

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Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia

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Anaemia – Malnutrition (also Malaria)

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Mental Health Disorders

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Increase Political Will to ensure sufficient resources for maternal health

• Broaden dialogue between and with Ministers for Health and Women to include Ministers of Finance.

• Encourage political participation of female politicians.

• Improve data on maternal morbidity in order to assist governments and donors to better understand and prioritise maternal health.

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Increase Political Will to ensure sufficient resources for maternal health (cont’d)

• More cost-benefit analysis is needed at country level to strengthen the financial argument for investing in women’s SRHR.

• Illnesses and disabilities from pregnancy-related causes are widespread and also need considered research.

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Increase Resources to SRHR to 10% of ODA as recommended at Ottawa (2002), Strasbourg

(2004) and Bangkok (2006)

• 10 per cent of ODA to target the three pillars of maternal health.

• Make aid long-term and predictable, with attention to country plans supporting the new MDG target 5.B: “achieving universal access to reproductive health by 2015”.

• Encourage country-wide ownership.

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Family Planning

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Skilled Birth Attendants

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Obstetric Emergency Care

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Encourage Equitable Health Care by removing financial barriers

• Encourage Governments to reduce inequities in health care by removing financial barriers and provide free family planning and pregnancy / maternal health services to all.

• Girls’ education, empowerment and equality repays many times over as educated girls make informed reproductive decisions and fulfil theirpotential.

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Empowerment of Women

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Work in Partnership for better data and protocols

• WHO must develop a global definition of maternal morbidity, which will aid better maternal health data collection.

• More and better regulated health workers with improved codes of practice and protocols.

• Increase and expand the role of the Professional Health Worker organisations.

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Work in Partnership for better data and protocols (cont’d)

• Promote appropriate ‘task shifts’ and trained mid-level health workers to conduct emergency obstetric care including menstrual regulation and safe abortions and village level workers or TBAs to administer life saving drugs including family planning, emergency contraception, antibiotics and misoprostol.

• Collaborate with UNFPA at country and international levels to advocate for women’s universal access to SRHR including the more controversial areas (e.g. access to emergency contraception or safe abortion).

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Improve global SRHR Legislation and Policies

• Legislate against child marriage below 18 years of age, FGM and rape and implement the laws.

• Decriminalise abortion and liberalise abortion laws.

• Prevent and reverse legislation that criminalises transmission of HIV in relation to pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding.

• Diminish the impact of the Catholic Church‘s anti SRHR agenda by highlighting the church’s anti-choice policies (particularly to condoms, safe abortion, and emergency contraception) to the detriment of women, their families and societies).

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Child Marriage

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Improve global SRHR Legislation and Policies (cont’d)

• President Obama has begun to reverse harmful anti-choice policies. In addition he should end vertical HIV/AIDS programming and all other activities which move health workers from government health services.

• Promote the development of comprehensive SRHR policies, strategies and programmes and encourage menstrual regulation.

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Make Governments Accountable

• Support civil society organisations in bringing out the grassroots voice. Women and families need to hold their governments accountable for the reproductive and maternal health promises they make.

• Empower a UN organisation to publish country league tables, that monitor progress on maternal health and ‘name and shame’ those countries making insufficient progress.

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6th May Maternal Morbidity Hearing Report launch in Parliament

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For copies of the report please contact: Ann Mette Kjaerby at [email protected]