B3 human trafficking

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  • 1. Presented by:FCJ REFUGEE CENTRE

2. HT in numbers TIP: International and Canadian Contexts Services: gaps and future vision Multi- agency network 3. TIP is the second largest sector of organized crimeafter drugs and arms generating an estimated $31.6billion a year. TIP trafficking for sex makes up $ 27.8billion. (The A 21 Campaign) Women and children make up the majority (88%) ofall victims. (United Nations Office on Drugs andCrime) The majority of trafficking victims are between 18and 24 years of age. (UN Gift: Global Initiate toFight Human Trafficking) 4. Lucrative business: 32 billon USD per year low risk and high profit endeavor. Profits pertrafficked individual ranging from $13,000 to $67,200per year Members of well established criminal networks Individuals or family members Women increasingly play role as perpetrators of HT 5. MEANSTreat or Use ofForceEXPLOITATION CoercionACTForced labour or AbductionservicesRecruitment Fraud ServitudeTransportation For the purpose of By means ofDeceptionBy means of Removal of Transfer OrgansAbuse of PowerHarbouringAbuse of a positionSlavery or practicesof vulnerabilitysimilar to slaveryReceipt Giving or receivingpayments orProstitution of benefits to achieve others or other formthe consent of aof sexual person, Having exploitationcontrol over another person 6. Canada: SOURCE,DESTINATION and TRANSIT Lack of official statistics RCMP estimation: 800-1200 people weretrafficked to Canada each year (before theCriminal Code legislation) NGOs victims estimations is much higher 7. Domestic trafficking Canadian girls and women ( approximately 36 cases in 2010, 34cases were domestic)Aboriginal women and girls are disproportionally affected by thecrime of trafficking although official statistics are lacking Age 12 and 25 Urban centres as well as smaller centres such Niagara and Peelregions (ON) International Trafficking (?) Eastern Europe, China, Southeast Asia and Latin America Enter Canada with falsified or genuine documents through legal orillegal means The victims usually are destined for major urban centres likeMontreal, Toronto and Vancouver 8. Absence of National Legislation on HT Low conviction rate (new statistics shows that the conviction rate is improving) Lack of awareness among the police and the service providers 9. Art.6 (3)Services victims of trafficking are entitled to: (a) appropriate housing; (b) counselling and information, in particular as regards their legal rights, ina language that the victims of trafficking in persons can understand; (c) medical, psychological and material assistance; and (d) employment, educational and training opportunities.Article 6 (4)State parties to take into account the age, gender and special needs of victims of trafficking, children, in particular. 10. There is a lack of legislation and clearlyarticulated policies regarding the services andprotection available to trafficked persons. The assistance is sporadic and often depend onthe mandate of the organization providing theservice. The availability of services depends upon thepolitical willingness on federal and provinciallevel to allocate recourses. 11. 1st phase: Crisis Intervention and Assessment victim receives emergency assistance and safety; 2nd phase: Comprehensive Assessment and CaseManagement victim receives proper care and ongoing coordinatedassistance; 3rd phase: Re/Integration and Settlementsurvivor of human trafficking is ready to begin again her/hislife.Source: Heather Clawson Caliber, Study of HHS Programs Serving Trafficking Victims, 2009 12. Sphere of Protection R EIntegration FDestination/third country Victim L Shelter andidentification and referral E Recovery OR Vo etu C R lu rn nt Tar y I O Reintegration N 13. Housing Medical care Trauma counseling Legal assistance Court Assistance Settlement services Skill training and education 14. Case managerassigned to assist traffickedperson through the complex process; Additional supports from case manager: translation services, accompanying clientto appointments, assisting client withnavigating the transportation system andteaching her/him basic life skills; 15. No agency, governmental or non-governmental, hasthe capacity to respond alone to human traffickingvictim. The multi-agency response to human trafficking is oneof the best models to address the issue. Advantages: Effective use of resources thus avoid overlapping The Canadian experience: BC, Manitoba, Alberta 16. Emergency Health and CounsellingHousing andDentaland SupportShelterServicesTranslation and Trafficked PersonLegal Interpretation Consultation May RequireServicesCulturally Sensitive Office to Combat Trafficking in Persons1-888-712-7974Academia &Law Enforcement ResearchSource: OCTIP, BC 17. Q&A