Aug 2011 CAP Safety Meeting
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Transcript of Aug 2011 CAP Safety Meeting
Aug 2011 CAP Safety MeetingLt Col Larry BrockshusMN Wing/SE
OverviewManeuvering flightEye protectionHeat injuriesMotorcycle safetyLightning
The Do's and Don'ts of Maneuvering FlightNearly one-third of all fatal accidents occur during maneuvering flight, in part because maneuvering at low altitude limits the amount of time a pilot has to recover. Maneuvering flight is basically any type of flying performed close to the ground -- even the traffic pattern is considered maneuvering! Want to know more? Go to the Courses page on www.FAASafety.gov and look for Course ALC-34, Maneuvering: Approach and Landing
The Do's of Maneuvering Flight
Do remember that the majority of fatal stall/spin accidents occur at low altitudes, because the closer you are to the ground the less time you will have for a successful recovery. Do practice stalls or approaches to stalls at a safe altitude. If youre rusty take a CFI with you. Do fly at a safe altitude so that you wont be surprised by obstacles that may require abrupt maneuvers to avoid. Do remember that turns and sudden climbs increase the wing loading which will increase the stall speed, sometimes dramatically.
The Don'ts of Maneuvering Flight Dont explore the flight envelope close to the ground. Dont exceed 30 degrees of bank in the traffic pattern. Dont buzz or otherwise show off with an aircraft. Not only are you putting yourself at risk, but your pilot certificate too. The FAA gets lots of complaints that include cell phone pictures and videos. Dont attempt maneuvers for which you have not been trained. Get an Instructor on board the first time!
Eye ProtectionGotta wear shades40% of eye injuries happen at homeEach year 125,000 eye injuries result from accidents with household chemicals90% of eye injuries can be prevented by wearing appropriate eye protection
If your eye has been cut or puncturedDo gently place a shield over the eyeDo not rinse with waterDo not remove the object stuck in the eyeDo not rub the eyeAvoid aspirin or ibuprofenSee a physician immediately
A particle or foreign material in your eyeDo not rub the eyeLeft upper eyelid over the lashes of lower lidBlink several times and allow tears to flush out the particleIf the particle remain keep your eye closed and seek medical attentionA chemical burn to the eyeImmediate flush the eye with plenty of clean waterSeek emergency medical treatment
A blow to the eyeApply cold compress to reduce pain and swellingDo not apply any pressureIf a black eye or visual disturbance occurs, immediately contact your eye doctorEven light blows can cause a significant eye injurySand in the eyeUse eye wash to flush the eye outDo not rub the eyeIf debris does not come out, lightly bandage the eye and see the eye doctor.
SizzlingHeat illnessHeat can be a silent killerDo you know the difference between: heat cramps heat exhaustion heatstroke
Heat crampsSymptomsPainful muscle cramps and spasmsHeavy sweatingTreatmentApply firm pressure on cramping muscle or gently massageGive sips of waterIf nausea occurs, discontinue water intakeHeat exhaustionSymptomsHeavy sweating, weakness, cool skin, pale and clammyWeak pulseNormal temperature possiblePossible muscle cramps, dizziness, fainting, nausea and vomitingTreatmentMove individual out of the sun, lay him or her down and loosen clothingApply cool, wet clothsFan or move individual to air-conditioned roomGive sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinueIf vomiting continues, seek medical attentionHeatstrokesevere medical emergencySymptomsAltered mental statePossible throbbing headache, confusion, nausea and dizzinessHigh body temperatureRapid and strong pulsePossible unconsciousnessSkin may be hot and dry or patient may be sweatingTreatmentSummon emergency medical assistance Move to a cooler, air-conditioned environmentReduced body temperature with water mistUse air conditioners, or use fans if heat index is below the 90sRemove clothingDo not give fluidsSizzling quiz 1Q: Using an electric fan will prevent heat related illness? A: MaybeSkin must be polished for a fan to be effectiveIn temperatures over 100 moving hot air over the body can add heat to the body
Sizzling quiz 2Q: You should avoid exercise during the summer months.A: MaybeStaying physically fit can decrease your chance of heat related illnessAvoid exercise during the middle of the afternoonStay hydrated
Sizzling quiz 3Q: As long as you are sweating, you are not at risk for heat related illness.A: MaybeHeavy sweating cools the bodyHeavy sweating may be a sign of heat exhaustion
Sizzling quiz 4Q: If someone exhibit signs of heat exhaustion, give them something cool to drink.A: PossiblyIf someone has overheated, administer cool water or sports drink.However observe persons symptoms carefully. Nausea and vomiting are signs of heat related illness. Do not give fluids to someone showing signs of heat stroke
Top 10 motorcycle safety tipsBe visibleWatch for idiotsFollow the rules of the roadSignal, signal, signalDress for road impactDont be distractedRide soberWatch the weatherKnow the road conditions Know your equipment
Motorcycle defensive driving tipsBe especially alert at intersections. 70% of motorcycle vehicle collisions occur there.Check rearview mirrors before changing lanes or stopping.Watch road surface and traffic had to anticipate problems and road hazards.Lightning facts58 people are killed and 300 injured from lightning strikes each year in the USThere are 25 million cloud to ground lightning strikes every yearThe Empire State building gets struck about 25 times each yearAir near lightning can heat to about 50,000F, five times hotter than the suns surface1bolt can contain 100,000,000 Volts of electricity
Lightning factsA single flash of lightning can light a 100 W light bulb for three monthsLightning can turn seat into steam, blowing shoes and clothing off the victimYou can be struck when the sky is clear, known as bolts from the blueIf you can hear thunder you are generally within 10 miles of a storm and within traveling distance of lightningLightning can branch off an object like a tree or fence and then hit a personLightning to thunder in seconds, divided by 5 is the distance in miles
Lightning safetyStay insideIf outsideFind shelterDont be the tallest isolated objectDont lay flat on the groundFind a low-lying area away from treesSquat low to the ground on the balls of your feet and place your head between your kneesStay away from water and metal